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Author Hoerr, John P., 1930-

Title And the wolf finally came : the decline of the American steel industry / John P. Hoerr.

Published Pittsburgh, PA : University of Pittsburgh Press, [1988]


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Store  Q53460    AVAILABLE
Physical description xiv, 689 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
Series Pittsburgh series in social and labor history.
Pittsburgh series in social and labor history.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Collapse of the Steel Industry, 1982 -- Mon Valley, 1987 -- What This Book Is About -- Union Drama in a Ballroom -- Procedures Obscured the Reality -- Union Movement Loses Momentum -- Management's Strategic Failures -- Turning Point After World War II -- Union Weakness in the Reagan Era -- A Train Back East -- Union-Busting Precedents -- Vulnerability of Unions in America -- Life and Style of Lloyd McBride -- A Threatening Trend -- Concession Bargaining Comes to Steel -- Ed Ayoub's Productivity Concerns -- Legalistic Language, Bountiful Benefits -- On Strike in McKeesport -- From Carnegie Steel to U.S. Steel -- Making of a Corporate Bureaucracy -- Steel's Shortsighted Business Strategies -- 1940s and 1950s: Strikes and Strike Threats -- Government Involvement in Wages and Prices -- No-Strike Agreement -- Bruce Johnston: Labor Took Too Much -- Quiet Talks on the ENA -- A Mission to Linden Hall -- Something of Importance in the Mon Valley -- Pouring Oil on Troubled Steel -- Mon Valley Unemployed Committee -- Views of the Rank and File -- A Mechanism for Reform: LMPTs -- Early Days on the Mon -- Industry Equals Progress -- Immigrants Divided -- Life in the Mill Towns -- Politics McKeesport Style -- Effect of Social Environment -- Growing Up in McKeesport: The Forties -- "Downside" Cycle: The UAW -- UAW-USW Rivalry -- Auto Bargaining in 1982 -- 1982 Ford Contract -- Failure at GM -- Moving Toward Negotiations in Steel -- 1982 Recession Worsens -- BSIC Debates Reopening -- A Communications Fizzle -- How Industrywide Bargaining Started -- 1982 Talks Begin -- Failure of Round One -- Propaganda War -- "Democracy" and Dissent in the USW -- Dissidents of 1982 -- Mike Bilcsik, Idealist -- SWOC and Labor-Management Cooperation -- Murray's Ambivalence About Cooperation -- Labor's Failed Bid for a Wartime Voice -- Postwar Confrontations -- USW Turns Away from Cooperation -- Scalon Plan: A Beginning -- Attempts to Reform the Bargaining Relationship -- Management Proposes LMPT's in the 1980s -- Demoralization -- "Working" in the Mill, ca. 1950 -- Management Bureaucracy -- "Scientific Management" -- Safety Program: A Numbers Game -- Quantity Over Quality -- Section 2B -- Union Corruption -- Atlantic City, September 1982 -- Wage Cuts and Profit-Sharing -- Round Two Bargain -- BSIC Votes NO -- Reasons Why -- Aftermath -- Bad News in 1983 -- A Groundswell for Concessions -- What the Rank and File Wanted -- Odorcich's Odyssey -- Odorcich Versus Johnston: A Deal Is Struck -- Last Industrywide Ratification -- Results of the 1983 Settlement -- USW Gave Up More Than It Intended -- Minimum Wage Recovery -- Decline of the Blue-Collar Worker -- A Change in Leadership -- Williams Versus McKee -- Making of a USW President -- Roderick's Tough Leadership -- Worldwide Restructuring of Steel -- Labor Reforms at J&L -- Confrontations at U.S. Steel -- Cutting People at U.S. Steel -- "Graham Revolution" -- 1984 Plant Shutdowns -- Conclusion: Both Sides Failed -- A Transition Period -- New USW Policies -- Trouble at Wheeling-Pittsburgh -- A Unique Settlement at Wheeling-Pittsburgh -- New Approaches I: National Steel -- New Approaches II: Weirton Steel -- End of Coordinated Bargaining -- Winding Down at McKeesport and Aliquippa -- Union-Management Efforts to Save LTV -- Developing a Strategy for 1986 -- Creating a "Level Playing Field" -- A U.S. Steel Initiative -- A New Kind of Bargaining at LTV -- An Innovative Agreement at National Steel -- Settlements at Bethlehem, Inland, and Armco -- Epilogue: LTV and the Steel Pension Crisis -- "Crisis in Steel" Campaign -- Trouble in the Metal Industries -- U.S. Steel: Round One -- Impact of the LTV Bankruptcy -- Going on Strike ... or Lockout -- UC Decisions -- Lasting It Out -- Icahn Takeover Bid -- USX: Round Two -- USX: Round Three -- 1987 USX Settlement -- Final Blow -- Once and Future Valley -- Human Price -- Mon Valley Fragmentation Revisited -- Activism: Service and Protest -- Campaigns to Save Plants -- Post-Manufacturing Era in Pittsburgh -- How Mature Industries Impede New Businesses -- Mon Valley in Retrospect -- A Great Industrial Failure -- Relating Wages to Productivity -- "The Road Not Taken" -- Beginnings of a New Industrial Relations System -- Issues for Unions -- Map of the Pittsburgh region -- Map of steel works in the Monongahela Valley, 1987.
Summary A veteran reporter on American labor, John P. Hoerr analyzes the spectacular and tragic collapse of the steel industry in the 1980s. "And the Wolf Finally Came" demonstrates how an obsolete and adversarial relationship between management and labor made it impossible for the industry to adapt to a rapidly changing global economy.
Subject Steel industry and trade -- Monongahela River Region (W.Va. and Pa.)
Steel industry and trade -- Pennsylvania.
Steel industry and trade -- West Virginia.
Iron and steel workers -- Monongahela River Region (W.Va. and Pa.)
Iron and steel workers -- Pennsylvania.
Iron and steel workers -- West Virginia.
Collective bargaining -- Monongahela River Region (W.Va. and Pa.)
Collective bargaining -- Pennsylvania.
Collective bargaining -- West Virginia.
ISBN 0822935724
0822953986 (paperback)