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Author Singer, Amy.

Title Palestinian peasants and Ottoman officials : rural administration around sixteenth-century Jerusalem / Amy Singer.

Published Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1994.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Store  305.563309569 SING GA01    AVAILABLE
Physical description xvii, 201 pages : maps ; 24 cm.
Series Cambridge studies in Islamic civilization.
Cambridge studies in Islamic civilization.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 191-197) and index.
Contents 1. Peasants, Palestine, and the Ottoman Empire. Palestine and the Ottoman Empire. Peasants and peasant studies -- 2. Aspects of Authority. Officials. Peasants. The ra'is al-fallahin -- 3. The Rules of Local Administration. Taxation. Production. The weight of taxation -- 4. Real Accounts and Accounting. Abu Dis. Ayn Karim. Bittir. Nahiyat Bani Zayd. Bayt Lahm and Bayt Jala. Inab. Conclusion on the paying of taxes -- 5. Between Rebellion and Oppression. "Tamarrud ve fesad" - "rebellious" peasants. "Zulm ve ta'addi" - "oppressive" officials. Other disruptive factors -- 6. Realities and Routines. Images of authority. Illusions of power. Peasants and the Empire -- App. I. Survey information on individual villages -- App. II. Tables of imams and olive oil -- App. III. List of village leaders.
Summary In a unique study of rural administration in the Ottoman empire, Amy Singer explores the relationship between Palestinian peasants and Ottoman provincial officials around Jerusalem in the mid-sixteenth century. With the use of court records, the author provides detailed information on local conditions of production, the mechanisms for assessing and collecting taxes, and the strategies that were evolved for evading them. The administration functioned as a process of negotiation and compromise between peasants and military-administrative officials, mediated often through the kadi who was the judicial authority for both in virtually all matters. It was framed by the Ottoman timar system, and was infused with an ideology which stressed the sultan's responsibility to protect the producing peasants as essential to the prosperity of his empire. The book emphasizes the complex, colourful and interactive nature of Ottoman provincial administration, which, while obliged to extract revenues from the peasants and impress them with the power of imperial authority, was nevertheless profoundly influenced by local conditions and traditional practices in its dealings with the populace.
Subject Peasants -- Jerusalem Region -- History -- 16th century.
Peasants -- Taxation -- Jerusalem Region -- History -- 16th century.
Military government -- Jerusalem Region -- History -- 16th century.
Court records -- Jerusalem Region -- History -- 16th century.
ISBN 0521476798 (paperback)
0521452384 (hardback)