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Title Indians, fire, and the land in the Pacific Northwest / Robert Boyd, editor.

Published Corvallis, Or. : Oregon State University Press, [1999]


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bail  577.2 INDI    AVAILABLE
Edition 1st ed.
Physical description 313 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Introduction / Robert Boyd -- Aboriginal Control of Huckleberry Yield in the Northwest / David French -- Indian Land Use and Environmental Change: Island County, Washington: A Case Study / Richard White -- Indian Fires in the Northern Rockies: Ethnohistory and Ecology / Stephen Barrett and Stephen Arno -- The Klikitat Trail of South-central Washington: A Reconstruction of Seasonally Used Resource Sites / Helen H. Norton, Robert Boyd and Eugene Hunn -- Strategies of Indian Burning in the Willamette Valley / Robert Boyd -- An Ecological History of Old Prairie Areas in Southwestern Washington / Estella B. Leopold and Robert Boyd -- Yards, Corridors, and Mosaics: How to Burn a Boreal Forest / Henry T. Lewis and Theresa A. Ferguson -- "Time to Burn": Traditional Use of Fire to Enhance Resource Production by Aboriginal Peoples in British Columbia / Nancy J. Turner -- Landscape and Environment: Ecological Change in the Intermontane Northwest / William G. Robbins.
Aboriginal Burning for Vegetation Management in Northwest British Columbia / Leslie Main Johnson -- Burning for a "Fine and Beautiful Open Country": Native Uses of Fire in Southwestern Oregon / Jeff LaLande and Reg Pullen -- Proto-historical and Historical Spokan Prescribed Burning and Stewardship of Resource Areas / John Ross -- Conclusion: Ecological Lessons from Northwest Native Americans / Robert Boyd.
Summary Early explorers to the Pacific Northwest expected to encounter a land of dense forests. Instead, their writings reveal that they were often surprised to discover spacious meadows, prairies, and open spaces. Far from a pristine wilderness, much of the Northwest landscape was actively managed and shaped by the hands of its Native American inhabitants. Their primary tool was fire.
During more than 10,000 years of occupation, Native Americans in the Northwest learned the intricacies of their local environments and how to use fire to create desired effects, mostly in the quest for food. The essays collected in this important volume summarize virtually everything that is currently known about Pacific Northwest Indian use of fire in the environment. The fourteen contributors bring to the discussion expertise in such areas as anthropology, environmental history, ethnohistory, ethnobotany, forestry, cultural ecology, and paleobotany.
Drawing on historical journals, Native American informants, and botanical and forestry studies, the contributors describe local patterns of fire use in eight ecoregions, representing all parts of the Native Northwest, from southwest Oregon to British Columbia and from Puget Sound to the Northern Rockies. The essays provide glimpses into a unique understanding of the environment -- a traditional ecological knowledge now for the most part lost.
With these significant studies available in a single volume, one of the most important issues concerning Pacific Northwest Indians and their relationship to the land -- environmental modification through the use of fire -- can now be better understood by land managers, cultural anthropologists, environmental historians,ecologists, and other interested readers.
Other author Boyd, Robert T. (Robert Thomas), 1945-
Subject Indians of North America -- Agriculture -- Northwest, Pacific.
Indians of North America -- Northwest, Pacific -- Social life and customs.
Human ecology -- Northwest, Pacific.
Fire ecology -- Northwest, Pacific.
Prescribed burning -- Northwest, Pacific.
Northwest, Pacific -- Social life and customs.
ISBN 0870714597 (paperback: alk. paper)