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Author MacRitchie, Finlay.

Title Scientific research as a career / Finlay MacRitchie.

Published Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, [2011]
©2011

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bund  502.3 MACR {Bund89 20200519}    AVAILABLE
Physical description xiii, 117 pages ; 23 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents 1 Introduction 1 -- Motivation and Requisites for a Research Career 1 -- Early Interest and a Simple Research Problem 3 -- Importance of Combining Study with Experimentation 4 -- References 5 -- 2 Scientific Training and Personal Development 7 -- University Qualifications 7 -- Bachelor's, Master's, and Doctoral Degrees 7 -- Research PhD. versus Combined Research and Course Work 8 -- Imaginative and Regimented Thinking 10 -- Ph.D. Preliminary Examination 10 -- Research versus Collecting Data 11 -- Oral and Written Examinations 12 -- Limitations of Statistics 12 -- Accuracy: Are the Results What Are Intended to Be Measured? 13 -- Where To after Graduation? 15 -- Main Areas for Employment of Science Graduates 15 -- Internships as a Precursor to Employment 16 -- Networking, Joining Associations, Conference Presentations 17 -- References 19 -- 3 Scientific Method 23 -- Scientific Method, Empiricism, Induction 23 -- Karl Popper: Analysis of Early 20th Century Theories 23 -- Demarcation: A Criterion to Distinguish between Science and Nonscience 25 -- Myths as Precursors of Scientific Hypotheses 26 -- Exploratory Work Preceding Hypotheses 27 -- Growth of Scientific Knowledge 27 -- Dangers to Growth: Lack of Motivation for Inquiry, Misplaced Faith in Precision, Authoritarianism 28 -- How Scientific Research Can Be Put Off Track Deliberately 29 -- How Scientific Research Can Be Put Off Track Unintentionally 30 -- References 32 -- 4 Attributes Required by Research Scientists 33 -- Citations as a Criterion for Research Value 33 -- Conceptual Thought Required to Form Hypotheses 34 -- Detachment 35 -- Perseverance 36 -- Ethical Standards-Plagiarism 37 -- Publication 38 -- Service: Peer Reviewing 41 -- Service: Serving on Awards Committees 43 -- Grantsmanship 44 -- References 52 -- 5 Impact of Managerialism 53 -- Managerial Ideology 53 -- Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) of Australia 54 -- Reviews of CSIRO 54 -- Effects of McKinsey Review 55 -- Freedom of Expression in Science 58 -- A False Premise 60 -- Performance Criteria for Scientists 61 -- Influence of Managerialism on Scientists 62 -- Risks of Corrupt Practices 64 -- Coping with Effects of Managerial Stress 67 -- References 68 -- 6 Leadership in Science 71 -- Mentoring 72 -- Supervision of Research Students 72 -- Qualities Needed to Lead Scientific Research 75 -- Servant Leadership 76 -- Inverted Pyramid 77 -- Future 79 -- References 80 -- 7 Insights from Notable Scientists 81 -- Marie Curie (1867-1934) 81 -- Charles Darwin (1809-1882) 83 -- Albert Einstein (1879-1955) 85 -- Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958) 86 -- Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) 88 -- Dorothy Hodgkin (1910-1994) 89 -- Irving Langmuir (1881-1957) 91 -- Lise Meitner (1878-1968) 93 -- Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) 94 -- Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) 96 -- Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) 97 -- References 99 -- 8 Future Challenges for Scientific Research 101 -- Two Areas for Change in Direction 101 -- Why Are Humans the Only Species to Have Progressed Culturally? 102 -- Why Present Funding Procedures for Research Are Unsatisfactory 103 -- Stifling of Creativity in Science Can Stunt Future Economic Growth 105 -- Suppression of Freedom Causes Stagnation of Knowledge 106 -- Need for a Change in the Working Environment for Research 107 -- References 109.
Subject Research -- Vocational guidance.
Science -- Vocational guidance.
ISBN 1439869650 (paperback)
9781439869659 (paperback)