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Author Fraenkel, Jack R., 1932- author.

Title How to design and evaluate research in education / Jack R. Fraenkel , Norman E. Wallen, Helen H. Hyun.

Published New York : McGraw-Hill Education, 2014.
©2014

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM Giblin Eunson  370.72 FRAE    AVAILABLE
Edition Ninth edition.
Physical description xxviii, 640, 36 variously numbered pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Machine generated contents note: pt. 1 Introduction to Research -- 1.The Nature of Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- Some Examples of Educational Concerns -- Why Research Is of Value -- Ways of Knowing -- Types Of Research -- General Research Types -- Critical Analysis of Research -- A Brief Overview of the Research Process -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- Research Exercise 1 -- Problem Sheet 1 -- pt. 2 The Basics of Educational Research -- 2.The Research Problem -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is a Research Problem? -- Research Questions -- Characteristics of Good Research Questions -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- Research Exercise 2 -- Problem Sheet 2 -- 3.Locating and Reviewing the Literature -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- The Definition and Value of a Literature Review -- Types of Sources -- Steps Involved in a Literature Search -- Doing a Computer Search --
Contents note continued: Writing the Literature Review Report -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- Research Exercise 3 -- Problem Sheet 3 -- 4.Ethics and Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- Some Examples of Unethical Practice -- A Statement of Ethical Principles -- Protecting Participants from Harm -- Ensuring Confidentiality of Research Data -- When (If Ever) Is Deception of Subjects Justified? -- Three Examples Involving Ethical Concerns -- Research with Children -- Regulation of Research -- Academic Cheating and Plagiarism -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- Research Exercise 4 -- Problem Sheet 4 -- 5.Variables and Hypotheses -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- The Importance of Studying Relationships -- Variables -- Hypotheses -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- Research Exercise 5 -- Problem Sheet 5 -- 6.Sampling -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is a Sample? --
Contents note continued: Random Sampling Methods -- Nonrandom Sampling Methods -- A Review of Sampling Methods -- Sample Size -- External Validity: Generalizing from a Sample -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- Research Exercise 6 -- Problem Sheet 6 -- 7.Instrumentation -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Are Data? -- Means of Classifying Data-Collection Instruments -- Examples of Data-Collection Instruments -- Norm-Referenced Versus Criterion-Referenced Instruments -- Measurement Scales -- Preparing Data for Analysis -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- Research Exercise 7 -- Problem Sheet 7 -- 8.Validity and Reliability -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- The Importance of Valid Instrumentation -- Validity -- Reliability -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- Research Exercise 8 -- Problem Sheet 8 -- 9.Internal Validity -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is Internal Validity? --
Contents note continued: Threats to Internal Validity -- How Can a Researcher Minimize These Threats to Internal Validity? -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- Reference -- Research Exercise 9 -- Problem Sheet 9 -- pt. 3 Data Analysis -- 10.Descriptive Statistics -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- Statistics Versus Parameters -- Two Fundamental Types of Numerical Data -- Types of Scores -- Techniques for Summarizing Quantitative Data -- Techniques for Summarizing Categorical Data -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- Research Exercise 10 -- Problem Sheet 10 -- 11.Inferential Statistics -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Are Inferential Statistics? -- The Logic of Inferential Statistics -- Hypothesis Testing -- Practical Versus Statistical Significance -- Inference Techniques -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- Research Exercise 11 -- Problem Sheet 11 -- 12.Statistics in Perspective -- Interactive and Applied Learning --
Contents note continued: Approaches to Research -- Comparing Groups: Quantitative Data -- Relating Variables Within a Group: Quantitative Data -- Comparing Groups: Categorical Data -- Relating Variables Within a Group: Categorical Data -- A Recap of Recommendations -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- Research Exercise 12 -- Problem Sheet 12 -- pt. 4 Quantitative Research Methodologies -- 13.Experimental Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- The Uniqueness of Experimental Research -- Essential Characteristics of Experimental Research -- Control of Extraneous Variables -- Group Designs in Experimental Research -- Control of Threats to Internal Validity: A Summary -- Evaluating the Likelihood of a Threat to Internal Validity in Experimental Studies -- Control of Experimental Treatments -- An Example of Experimental Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- Research Exercise 13 -- Problem Sheet 13 --
Contents note continued: 14.Single-Subject Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- Essential Characteristics of Single-Subject Research -- Single-Subject Designs -- Threats to Internal Validity in Single-Subject Research -- An Example of Single-Subject Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- 15.Correlational Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- The Nature of Correlational Research -- Purposes of Correlational Research -- Basic Steps in Correlational Research -- What Do Correlation Coefficients Tell Us? -- Threats to Internal Validity in Correlational Research -- Evaluating Threats to Internal Validity in Correlational Studies -- An Example of Correlational Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- 16.Causal-Comparative Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is Causal-Comparative Research? --
Contents note continued: Steps Involved in Causal-Comparative Research -- Threats to Internal Validity in Causal-Comparative Research -- Evaluating Threats to Internal Validity in Causal-Comparative Studies -- Data Analysis -- Associations Between Categorical Variables -- An Example of Causal-Comparative Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- For Discussion -- Reference -- 17.Survey Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is a Survey? -- Why Are Surveys Conducted? -- Types of Surveys -- Survey Research and Correlational Research -- Steps in Survey Research -- Nonresponse -- Problems in the Instrumentation Process in Survey Research -- Evaluating Threats to Internal Validity in Survey Research -- Data Analysis in Survey Research -- An Example of Survey Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- pt. 5 Introduction to Qualitative Research -- 18.The Nature of Qualitative Research --
Contents note continued: Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is Qualitative Research? -- General Characteristics of Qualitative Research -- Philosophical Assumptions Underlying Qualitative as Opposed to Quantitative Research -- Postmodernism -- Steps in Qualitative Research -- Approaches to Qualitative Research -- Qualitative Data Analysis -- Generalization in Qualitative Research -- Internal Validity in Qualitative Research -- Ethics and Qualitative Research -- Qualitative and Quantitative Research Reconsidered -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- 19.Observation and Interviewing -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- Observation -- Interviewing -- Validity and Reliability in Qualitative Research -- An Example of Qualitative Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- 20.Content Analysis -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is Content Analysis? -- Some Applications --
Contents note continued: Categorization in Content Analysis -- Steps Involved in Content Analysis -- An Illustration of Content Analysis -- Using a Computer in Content Analysis -- Advantages of Content Analysis -- Disadvantages of Content Analysis -- An Example of a Content Analysis Study -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- pt. 6 Qualitative Research Methodologies -- 21.Ethnographic Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is Ethnographic Research? -- The Unique Value of Ethnographic Research -- Ethnographic Concepts -- Sampling in Ethnographic Research -- Do Ethnographic Researchers Use Hypotheses? -- Data Collection in Ethnographic Research -- Data Analysis in Ethnographic Research -- Roger Harker and His Fifth-Grade Classroom -- Advantages and Disadvantages of Ethnographic Research -- An Example of Ethnographic Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References --
Contents note continued: 22.Historical Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is Historical Research? -- Steps Involved in Historical Research? -- Data Analysis in Historical Research -- Generalization in Historical Research -- Advantages and Disadvantages of Historical Research -- An Example of Historical Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- pt. 7 Mixed-Methods Studies -- 23.Mixed-Methods Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is Mixed-Methods Research? -- Why Do Mixed-Methods Research? -- Drawbacks of Mixed-Methods Studies -- A (Very) Brief History -- Types of Mixed-Methods Designs -- Other Mixed-Methods Research Design Issues -- Steps in Conducting a Mixed-Methods Study -- Evaluating a Mixed-Methods Study -- Ethics in Mixed-Methods Research -- Summary -- An Example of Mixed-Methods Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References --
Contents note continued: pt. 8 Research by Practitioners -- 24.Action Research -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- What Is Action Research? -- Types of Action Research -- Steps in Action Research -- Similarities and Differences Between Action Research and Formal Quantitative and Qualitative Research -- The Advantages of Action Research -- Hypothetical Examples of Practical Action Research -- An Example of Action Research -- A Published Example of Action Research -- Analysis of the Study -- Main Points -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- pt. 9 Writing Research Proposals and Reports -- 25.Preparing Research Proposals and Reports -- Interactive and Applied Learning -- The Research Proposal -- The Major Sections of a Research Proposal or Report -- Sections Unique to Research Reports -- A Sample Research Proposal -- Main Points -- For Review -- Key Terms -- For Discussion -- References -- Appendixes -- Appendix A Portion of a Table of Random Numbers --
Contents note continued: Appendix B Selected Values from a Normal Curve Table -- Appendix C Chi-Square Distribution -- Appendix D Using Microsoft Excel.
Other author Hyun, Helen H., author.
Wallen, Norman E, author.
Subject Education -- Research -- Methodology.
Education -- Research -- Evaluation.
Proposal writing in educational research.
ISBN 9780078110399 (alk. paper)