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Title ALWD guide to legal citation / Association of Legal Writing Directors and Coleen M. Barger, Ben J. Altheimer Distinguished Professor of Law , University of Arkansas at Little Rock, William H. Bowen School of Law.

Published New York Wolters Kluwer, [2017]

LocationUniM Law High Use 
Call No.K 114 ALWD


Uniform title ALWD citation manual.
Edition Sixth edition.
Physical description xxxvi, 563 pages ; 23 cm.
Series Aspen coursebook series.
Aspen coursebook series.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Machine generated contents note: A.Purposes and Uses of Citations -- B.How to Use the ALWD Guide -- 1.Overall Organization -- 2.Organization Within Each Part of the ALWD Guide -- 3.Citations in Text or in Footnotes -- 4.Automatic Formatting in Your Word-Processing Software -- 5.Finding What You Need (and Quickly) -- 6.Citing Sources Not Covered in the ALWD Guide -- 7.Nonconforming Citations -- 8.Sources for Additional Guidance -- 9.Citing the ALWD Guide -- 1.Typeface for Citations -- 1.1.Typeface Choices -- 1.2.When to Use Ordinary Type -- 1.3.When to Use Italics or Underlining -- Chart 1.1: Components to Italicize or Underline -- Chart 1.2: Latin Words and Abbreviations Ordinarily Not Italicized or Underlined -- 1.4.Large And Small Capital Letters -- Chart 1.3: Components Using Large And Small Capital Letters in Academic Footnotes -- 2.Abbreviations -- 2.1.Using Abbreviations -- 2.2.Spacing -- 2.3.Referring to Cases and Constitutions in Textual Sentences --
Contents note continued: Chart 2.1: Words to Abbreviate in Textual Sentences and Embedded Citations -- 3.Spelling and Capitalization -- 3.1.Spelling in Titles and Text -- 3.2.Capitalization in Titles and Subtitles -- Sidebar 3.1: Common Prepositions -- 3.3.Capitalization in Text -- 3.4.Capitalizing Specific Words -- Chart 3.1: Capitalizing Specific Words -- 4.Numbers in General -- 4.1.Numbers in Citations -- 4.2.Numbers in Text -- 4.3.Ordinal Numbers -- 5.Page Numbers -- 5.1.Initial Pages -- 5.2.Pinpoint Pages -- 5.3.Consecutive Pages -- Sidebar 5.1: Importance of Using Pinpoint References -- 5.4.Scattered Pages -- 5.5.Star Pagination -- Sidebar 5.2: Using Hyphens, En Dashes, and "to" for Spans -- 5.6.Passim -- 6.Sections and Paragraphs -- 6.1.Sources Divided Solely by Sections or Paragraphs -- 6.2.Consecutive Sections or Paragraphs -- 6.3.Scattered Sections or Paragraphs -- 6.4.Unnumbered Paragraphs -- 6.5.Sources Divided Both by Pages and by Sections or Paragraphs --
Contents note continued: 6.6.Referring to Sections and Paragraphs in Text -- 7.Footnotes and Endnotes -- 7.1.Citing Footnotes or Endnotes Within a Source -- 7.2.Footnotes or Endnotes in Short Citations -- 8.Supplements -- 8.1.Sources Found Only in Supplements -- 8.2.Sources Found Only in Main Volume of a Supplemented Work -- 8.3.Sources Found in Both Main Volume and Supplement -- 8.4.Sources Found in Multiple Supplements -- 9.Graphical Material, Appendices, and Other Subdivisions -- 9.1.Graphical Material -- 9.2.Preventing Confusion in References to Graphical Material -- 9.3.Appendices -- 9.4.Other Subdivisions -- 10.Internal Cross-References -- 10.1.Definition of "Internal Cross-Reference" -- 10.2.Constructing an Internal Cross-Reference -- 11.Full and Short Citation Formats -- 11.1.Full Citation Format -- 11.2.Short Citations -- 11.3.Id. as a Short Citation -- 11.4.Supra in a Short Citation -- 11.5.Designating a Shortened Reference with [Hereinafter] -- 12.Cases --
Contents note continued: Fast Formats -- Snapshot: Cases -- 12.1.Full Citations to Cases -- 12.2.Case Names -- Sidebar 12.1: Distinguishing Case Names from Party Names -- Chart 12.1: Common Organization and Business Designations -- Sidebar 12.2: Public Official Named as Party -- 12.3.Reporter Volume -- 12.4.Reporter Name -- Chart 12.2: Abbreviations for Commonly Used Reporters -- Sidebar 12.3: United States Supreme Court Nominative Reporters -- 12.5.Page Numbers -- Sidebar 12.4: Locating Parallel Citations -- 12.6.Court Abbreviations -- 12.7.Date of Decision -- 12.8.Subsequent History -- Chart 12.3: Subsequent History Phrases -- Sidebar 12.5: Petition for Writ of Certiorari -- 12.9.Prior History -- Chart 12.4: Prior History Phrases -- 12.10.Parenthetical Information -- Chart 12.5: Abbreviations for Titles of Judges and Other Judicial Officials -- 12.11.Cases in the Public Domain -- 12.12.Slip Opinions -- Sidebar 12.6: Jurisdictions Using Public Domain Citations --
Contents note continued: 12.13.Forthcoming Case Publications -- 12.14."Unpublished" (Non-Precedential) Cases -- Sidebar 12.7 Court Rules Prohibiting or Limiting Citation of Unreported Cases -- 12.15.Court Documents in Published or Pending Cases -- 12.16.Short Citations to Cases -- 13.Constitutions -- Fast Formats -- 13.1.Which Source to Cite -- 13.2.Full Citations to Constitutions Currently in Force -- 13.3.Full Citations to Historic Constitutions or Constitutional Provisions No Longer in Force -- 13.4.Short Citations to Constitutions -- 14.Statutory Codes and Session Laws -- Fast Formats -- Snapshot: United States Code -- 14.1.Sources of Statutory Law -- 14.2.Full Citations to Federal Statutes Currently in Force -- Sidebar 14.1: Publication Dates of Official and Unofficial Versions of the United States Code -- 14.3.Full Citations to Federal Statutes No Longer in Force -- 14.4.Full Citations to State Statutes -- Chart 14.1: Analogous Rules for Statutory Components --
Contents note continued: 14.5.Short Citations to Federal and State Statutes -- 14.6.Full Citations to Federal Session Laws Currently in Force -- 14.7.Full Citations to Federal Session Laws No Longer in Force -- 14.8.Full Citations to State Session Laws -- 14.9.Short Citations to Federal and State Session Laws -- 15.Legislation and Other Legislative Materials -- Fast Formats -- 15.1.Full Citations to Federal Unenacted Measures -- Sidebar 15.1: Forms of Legislative Measures -- 15.2.Short Citations to Federal Unenacted Measures -- 15.3.Citations to Federal Enacted Bills or Joint Resolutions -- 15.4.Citations to Federal Enacted Simple or Concurrent Resolutions -- 15.5.Full Citations to Congressional Committee Hearings -- 15.6.Short Citations to Congressional Hearings -- 15.7.Full Citations to Numbered Congressional Reports and Documents -- 15.8.Short Citations to Numbered Congressional Reports and Documents -- 15.9.Citations to Unnumbered Reports, Documents, and Committee Prints --
Contents note continued: 15.10.Citations to Congressional Debates -- 15.11.Citations to Congressional Journals -- 15.12.The Declaration of Independence -- 15.13.Full Citations to State Unenacted Measures -- 15.14.Short Citations to State Unenacted Measures -- 15.15.Citations to State Enacted Measures and Joint Resolutions -- 15.16.Citations to State Legislative Hearings -- 15.17.Full Citations to State Legislative Reports and Documents -- 15.18.Full Citations to State Legislative Debates -- 15.19.Short Citations to State Legislative Debates -- 15.20.Citations to State Legislative Journals -- 16.Court Rules, Judicial Administrative Orders, Ethics Opinions, and Jury Instructions -- Fast Formats -- 16.1.Court Rules and Judicial Administrative Orders -- 16.2.Ethics Opinions -- 16.3.Jury Instructions -- 17.Ordinances -- Fast Formats -- 17.1.Full Citations to Codified Ordinances -- 17.2.Full Citations to Uncodified Ordinances --
Contents note continued: 17.3.Full Citations to Codified or Uncodified Ordinances in Academic Footnotes -- 17.4.Short Citations to Codified or Uncodified Ordinances -- 18.Administrative and Executive Materials -- Fast Formats -- Snapshot: Code of Federal Regulations -- 18.1.Full Citations to Code of Federal Regulations -- Sidebar 18.1: Currency of C.F.R. Volumes -- 18.2.Short Citations to Code of Federal Regulations -- 18.3.Full Citations to Federal Register -- 18.4.Short Citations to Federal Register -- 18.5.Full Citations to Federal Agency Decisions -- Sidebar 18.2: Citing Federal Tax Materials -- 18.6.Short Citations to Federal Agency Decisions -- 18.7.Full Citations to Advisory Opinions -- 18.8.Short Citations to Advisory Opinions -- 18.9.Full Citations to Executive Documents -- 18.10.Short Citations to Executive Documents -- 18.11.Executive Agreements -- 18.12.Citations to Patents -- 18.13.Citations to State Administrative Codes --
Contents note continued: 18.14.Citations to State Administrative Registers -- 18.15.Citations to State Agency Decisions -- 18.16.Citations to State Advisory Opinions -- 18.17.Citations to State Executive Materials -- 18.18.Citations to Other Administrative and Executive Materials -- 19.Treaties and International Conventions and Agreements -- Fast Formats -- 19.1.Full Citations to Treaties, International Conventions, or International Agreements Currently in Force -- Chart 19.1: Document Sources for Treaties, Conventions, and Agreements -- 19.2.Full Citations to Treaties, Conventions, or Agreements No Longer in Force -- 19.3.Full Citations to Treaties, Conventions, or Agreements in Academic Footnotes -- 19.4.Short Citations to Treaties, Conventions, or Agreements -- 19.5.International and Foreign Law Sources -- 20.Books, Treatises, and Other Nonperiodic Materials -- Fast Formats -- 20.1.Full Citations to Books, Treatises, and Other Nonperiodic Materials -- 20.2.Star Edition --
Contents note continued: 20.3.Collected Works -- 20.4.Books, Treatises, and Other Nonperiodic Materials in Electronic Media -- 20.5.Religious Works: The Bible, the Koran, and the Talmud -- 20.6.Short Citations to Books, Treatises, and Other Nonperiodic Materials -- 21.Law Reviews and Other Periodicals -- Fast Formats -- 21.1.Consecutive and Nonconsecutive Pagination -- 21.2.Full Citations to Consecutively Paginated Periodicals -- Sidebar 21.1: Identifying Student Authors -- 21.3.Full Citations to Nonconsecutively Paginated Periodicals -- 21.4.Full Citations to Cartoons or Comic Strips -- 21.5.Full Citations to Periodicals Online -- 21.6.Full Citations to Periodicals in Academic Footnotes -- 21.7.Short Citations to Periodicals -- 22.Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, and American Law Reports -- Fast Formats -- 22.1.Full Citations to Dictionaries -- 22.2.Short Citations to Dictionaries -- 22.3.Full Citations to Multi-Volume Encyclopedias --
Contents note continued: Chart 22.1: Representative Encyclopedia Abbreviations -- 22.4.Full Citations to Encyclopedias with Named Authors or Editors -- 22.5.Full Citations to Annotations in American Law Reports -- Chart 22.2: Abbreviations for A.L.R. Series -- 22.6.Short Citations to Annotations -- 23.Restatements, Principles of the Law, Model Codes, Uniform Laws, and Sentencing Guidelines -- Fast Formats -- Snapshot: Restatement of the Law -- 23.1.Full Citations to Restatements and Principles of the Law -- Chart 23.1: Subject Matters of Restatements and Principles of the Law -- 23.2.Short Citations to Restatements or Principles -- 23.3.Full Citations to Sentencing Guidelines, Model Codes, and Model Acts -- 23.4.Short Citations to Sentencing Guidelines, Model Codes, or Model Acts -- 23.5.Citations to Uniform Laws -- 24.Looseleaf Services -- Fast Formats -- 24.1.Full Citations to Case Materials in Looseleaf Services -- Chart 24.1: Abbreviations for Names of Looseleaf Publishers --
Contents note continued: Sidebar 24.1: Citing Paragraphs in Looseleaf Services -- 24.2.Full Citations to Non-Case Materials in Looseleaf Services -- 24.3.Short Citations to Non-Case Materials in Looseleaf Services -- 25.Court Documents, Transcripts, and Appellate Records -- Fast Formats -- 25.1.Scope of Rule -- 25.2.Full Citations to Court Documents -- 25.3.Full Citations to Transcripts -- 25.4.Short Citations to Court Documents or Transcripts -- 25.5.Full Citations to Appellate Records -- 25.6.Short Citations to Appellate Records -- 26.Speeches, Addresses, and Other Oral Presentations -- Fast Formats -- 26.1.Full Citations to Unpublished Speeches, Addresses, or Other Oral Presentations -- 26.2.Published Presentations -- 26.3.Short Citations to Speeches, Addresses, and Other Oral Presentations -- 27.Interviews, Letters, and Memoranda -- Fast Formats -- 27.1.Full Citations to Interviews Conducted by the Author -- 27.2.Full Citations to Interviews Conducted by Another Person --
Contents note continued: 27.3.Full Citations to Unpublished Letters or Memoranda -- 27.4.Citations to Published Letters or Memoranda -- 27.5.Short Citations to Interviews, Letters, or Memoranda -- 28.Video and Visual Programs, Radio, Audio Recordings, and Microforms -- Fast Formats -- 28.1.Full Citations to Video or Visual Programs -- 28.2.Full Citations to Radio Broadcasts or Series -- 28.3.Full Citations to Audio Recordings -- 28.4.Full Citation to Single Audio Recording in a Collection -- 28.5.Full Citations to Audio Recordings in Academic Footnotes -- 28.6.Full Citations to Microforms -- 28.7.Short Citations to Video and Visual Programs, Radio, Recordings, and Microforms -- 29.Forthcoming Works, Unpublished Manuscripts, and Working Papers -- Fast Formats -- 29.1.Full Citations to Forthcoming Works -- 29.2.Full Citations to Unpublished Manuscripts -- 29.3.Full Citations to Working Papers --
Contents note continued: 29.4.Full Citations to Forthcoming Works, Unpublished Manuscripts, or Working Papers in Academic Footnotes -- 29.5.Short Citations to Forthcoming Works, Unpublished Manuscripts, or Working Papers -- 30.Online Sources in General -- 30.1.General Information About Citations to Sources in Print and Online Versions -- 30.2.Citing Online Sources That Are Official, Authenticated, or Exact Reproductions -- Sidebar 30.1:Types of Websites and Indicia of Reliability -- 30.3.Citing Other Online Sources -- Chart 30.1: Rules for Online and Parallel Online Citations -- 31.World Wide Web Sites and Blogs -- Fast Formats -- 31.1.Full Citations to Sources on the World Wide Web -- 31.2.Blogs, Microblogs, Social Media Platforms, and Wilds -- 31.3.Short Citations to Sources on the World Wide Web -- 32.Commercial Databases -- Fast Formats -- 32.1.When to Cite Commercial Databases -- 32.2.Full Citations When a Unique Identifier Is Available --
Contents note continued: 32.3.Full Citations When a Unique Identifier Is Not Available -- 32.4.Short Citations to Commercial Databases -- 33.Email, Listservs, CD-ROMs, and Other Electronic Media -- Fast Formats -- 33.1.Full Citations to Email -- 33.2.Full Citations to Listserv Postings, Discussion Groups, and Forums -- 33.3.Full Citations to New Media Sources -- 33.4.Full Citations to Materials on CD-ROM -- 33.5.Citations to Email and Other Electronic Media in Academic Footnotes -- 33.6.Short Citations to Email and Other Electronic Media -- 34.Citation Placement and Use -- 34.1.Placement Options -- Sidebar 34.1: Using Your Word Processor to Format Footnotes -- 34.2.Frequency of Citation -- 34.3.Number of Sources to Cite -- 34.4.Guidelines for Determining Which Authorities to Cite in a Practice-Based Document -- 35.Signals -- 35.1.Function of Signals -- 35.2.Significance of No Signal -- 35.3.Categories of Signals --
Contents note continued: Chart 35.1: Categories of Signals: Types and Degrees of Support -- 35.4.Formatting Signals -- 35.5.Signals for Multiple Authorities; Changing Signals -- 36.Order of Cited Authorities -- 36.1.Ordering Multiple Authorities -- 36.2.General Guidelines for Ordering Authorities -- 36.3.Order of Specific Sources -- 37.Explanatory Parentheticals, Commentary, and Treatment -- 37.1.Using Explanatory Parentheticals -- 37.2.Placement of Explanatory Parentheticals -- Sidebar 37.1: Order of Parentheticals -- 37.3.Constructing Explanatory Parentheticals -- 37.4.Commentary About Source or Treatment of Source -- 38.Quotations -- 38.1.When to Quote -- 38.2.Quoting Accurately -- 38.3.Quotation Formats -- 38.4.Short Quotations -- 38.5.Long Quotations -- 38.6.Testimony -- 38.7.Epigraphs -- 39.Altering Quotations -- 39.1.Altering the Case of a Single Letter in a Word -- 39.2.Adding, Changing, or Omitting One or More Letters in a Word --
Contents note continued: 39.3.Substituting or Adding Words to a Quotation -- 39.4.Altering Typeface in a Quotation -- 39.5.Adding a Footnote Within a Block Quotation -- 39.6.Indicating Mistakes in the Original -- 40.Indicating Omissions from Quotations -- 40.1.Indicating Omissions with Ellipsis -- 40.2.When to Use Ellipsis -- 40.3.When Not to Use Ellipsis -- Appendix 1: Primary Sources by Jurisdiction -- A.Federal Primary Sources -- B.States' and District of Columbia's Primary Sources -- C.Territories' and Tribal Courts' Primary Sources -- Appendix 2: Local Court Citation Rules -- A.Federal Courts -- B.State and Territorial Courts -- Appendix 3: General Abbreviations -- A.Calendar Divisions -- B.United States and World Geography -- C.Subdivisions -- D.Publishing Terms -- E.Names of Cases, Statutes, and Institutional Authors -- F.Legislative Terms -- G.Court Documents -- Appendix 4: Court Abbreviations -- A.Federal Court Abbreviations -- B.State Court Abbreviations --
Contents note continued: C.Other Abbreviations in Court Names -- Appendix 5: Periodicals and Looseleaf Services -- A.Law Reviews and Other Periodicals -- B.Looseleaf Services and Publishers -- Appendix 6: Federal Taxation Materials -- A.Statutory Compilations -- Sidebar A6.1: Versions of the Internal Revenue Code -- B.Tax Courts and Reporters -- Sidebar A6.2: Case Names in Older Tax Authorities -- C.Administrative Materials -- Appendix 7: Federal Administrative Agencies and Publications -- A.Selected Official Federal Administrative and Executive Reporters and Publications -- B.Selected Federal Agency Abbreviations and Acronyms.
Other author Barger, Coleen M., 1953-
Association of Legal Writing Directors.
Subject Citation of legal authorities -- United States.
Annotations and citations (Law) -- United States.
Variant Title Association of Legal Writing Directors guide to legal citation.
ISBN 9781454887768 (alk. paper)