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Title Handbook of evolutionary thinking in the sciences / edited by Thomas Heams, Philippe Huneman, Guillaume Lecointre, Marc Silberstein.

Published Dordrecht : Springer Science, 2014.


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource.
Series Springer English/International eBooks 2015 - Full Set
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Foreword; Contents; Contributors; Chapter 1: Introduction; Part I: Concepts: Processes; Chapter 2: Variation; 1 Which Variations Can Be Transmitted via Evolutionary Pressures at Play?; 2 How Do Mutations Appear?; 3 Variation, Ploidy and Sexuality; 4 Action of Variations, Evolvability, Epigenetics; 5 Conclusion; References; Chapter 3: Heredity; 1 A Polymorphous Notion...; 2 Refutations of the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics; 3 The Rapid Development of Genetics; 3.1 Interlude: Lysenkoism, a Criminal Fabulation of Heredity; 4 DNA, the Molecular Basis for Genetic Heredity
5 Other Heredities5.1 Horizontal Transfers; 5.2 Cytoplasmic Heredity; 5.3 Mosaic Heredity: Microchimerism; 6 A Non-Mendelian Heredity: The "Return" of Epigenetics; References; Chapter 4: Selection; 1 The Principle of Natural Selection (When and Why Is There Natural Selection?); 1.1 The Selectionist Explanation; 1.2 Necessary and Sufficient Conditions; 1.3 Replicators and Interactors; 2 What Does Natural Selection Explain, and How?; 2.1 Types of Selection; 2.2 Epistemology of Selection Explanations; 3 The Status of Natural Selection; 3.1 Is Selection a Natural law?; 3.2 Laws and Contingency
4 Units and Levels of Selection4.1 Settling the Question: Group Selection, Genic Selection; 4.2 Units and Levels of Selection: Causality vs. Representation; 4.3 Pluralism; 5 Conclusion; References; Chapter 5: Adaptation; 1 The Concept, Its Definition and Its Implications; 2 The History of the Concept; 3 Adaptation or Preadaptation and Exaptation?; 4 One Example and an Insightful Discussion: The Adaptive Nature of Leaf Retention in Oaks; 5 A Few Conceptual Problems; 6 When There Is no More Adaptation: Maladaptation or Desaptation; 7 Conclusion; References; Chapter 6: Function
1 An Omnipresent Concept in the Life Sciences2 Functionalism, an "Acceptable" Admission of Purpose in Biology?; 3 Structures and Functions, Adaptation, Systems; 4 The Dimension of Time and Its Consequences; 5 Form and Function; 6 Modern Solutions - Two Non-finalist Conceptions of Function; 7 Conclusions: Open Questions; References; Part II: Concepts: Patterns; Chapter.7: Character; 1 Introduction; 2 What Is a Character?; 3 Which Characters to Use?; 4 The Character in Phylogenetic Systematics; 5 Establishing a Character-Taxon Matrix: Coding; 6 The Naso-Maxillary Region of Hominoid Primates
7 Character and Character State8 The Molecular Character; References; Chapter 8: Species; 1 "What Is a Species?": The Debate's Ontological and Historical Elements; 1.1 Some Reflections on the Intuitive Perception of Biodiversity; 1.2 The Pre-Darwinian Perception of Species; 1.3 The Darwinian Revolution's Effect on the Concept of Species; 1.4 Nature of Discussions of the Definition of Species in the Twentieth Century; 2 Species and the Theory of Evolution Today; 3 From the Theoretical Definition to Operational Criteria: Epistemological Aspects of the Debate; 3.1 Organisms and their Characters
Summary The Darwinian theory of evolution is itself evolving and this book presents the details of the core of modern Darwinism and its latest developmental directions. The authors present current scientific work addressing theoretical problems and challenges in four sections, beginning with the concepts of evolution theory, its processes of variation, heredity, selection, adaptation and function, and its patterns of character, species, descent and life. The second part of this book scrutinizes Darwinism in the philosophy of science and its usefulness in understanding ecosystems, whilst the third section deals with its application in disciplines beyond the biological sciences, including evolutionary psychology and evolutionary economics, Darwinian morality and phylolinguistics. The final section addresses anti-Darwinism, the creationist view and issues around teaching evolution in secondary schools. The reader learns how current experimental biology is opening important perspectives on the sources of variation, and thus of the very power of natural selection. This work examines numerous examples of the extension of the principle of natural selection and provides the opportunity to critically reflect on a rich theory, on the methodological rigour that presides in its extensions and exportations, and on the necessity to measure its advantages and also its limits. Scholars interested in modern Darwinism and scientific research, its concepts, research programs and controversies will find this book an excellent read, and those considering how Darwinism might evolve, how it can apply to the human sciences and other disciplines beyond its origins will find it particularly valuable. Originally produced in French (Les Mondes Darwiniens), the scope and usefulness of the book have led to the production of this English text, to reach a wider audience. This book is a milestone in the impressive penetration by Francophone scholars into the world of Darwinian science, its historiography and philosophy over the last two decades...This English translation does indeed serve as a Handbook of Darwinian Thinking that will advance understanding of Darwinian theory in every language. Alex Rosenberg, R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy, Duke University Until now this useful and comprehensive handbook has only been available to francophones. Thanks to this invaluable new translation, this collection of insightful and original essays can reach the global audience it deserves. Tim Lewens, University of Cambridge
Other author Heams, Thomas, editor.
Huneman, Philippe, editor.
Lecointre, Guillaume, editor.
Silberstein, Marc, editor.
SpringerLink issuing body.
Subject Evolution (Biology)
Science -- Philosophy.
Electronic books.
Electronic books.
ISBN 9789401790147
Standard Number 10.1007/978-94-017-9014-7