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LEADER 00000nam a2200385 a 4500 
001       95050081 
008    951108t19961996nyu      b    001 0 eng   
010    95050081 
019 1  12050564 
019    95050081 
020    0393039730 
035    .b23066192 
043    n-us--- 
050 00 KF1297.B74|bA96 1996 
082 00 346.7303/8|a347.30638|220 
100 1  Angell, Marcia.|0http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/
       n81009499 
245 10 Science on trial :|bthe clash of medical evidence and the 
       law in the breast implant case /|cMarcia Angell. 
264  1 London ;|aNew York :|bW.W. Norton,|c[1996] 
264  4 |c©1996 
300    256 pages ;|c22 cm 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    unmediated|bn|2rdamedia 
338    volume|bnc|2rdacarrier 
504    Includes bibliographical references (pages [211]-245) and 
       index. 
505 0  1. The Breast Implant Story: Once Over Lightly -- 2. 
       Breast Implants: What They Are and Who Has Them -- 3. The 
       FDA Ban on Implants: Regulation in Modern America -- 4. 
       The Rush to Court: Litigation and More Litigation -- 5. 
       Scientific Evidence: What It Is and Where It Comes From --
       6. Science in the Courtroom: Opinions without Evidence -- 
       7. Greed and Corruption: All That Free Money -- 8. 
       Americans and Health News: The Alarm of the Day -- 9. 
       Breast Implants and the Rejection of Science: Other Ways 
       of Knowing -- 10. Where We Stand ... and for How Long. 
520    When the FDA banned silicone gel-filled breast implants in
       1992, it was responding to mounting concerns that they 
       caused autoimmune and connective tissue disease. The ban 
       triggered a torrent of litigation, as women by the 
       thousands sued breast-implant manufacturers. Sympathetic 
       juries awarded huge damages, leading to a $4.25 billion 
       class-action settlement that still wasn't large enough to 
       cover all the claims. Shockingly, rigorous scientific 
       studies of breast implants then began to show that there 
       is no significant link between breast implants and 
       disease. 
520 8  Why were the courts and the public so certain that breast 
       implants were dangerous when medical researchers were not?
       The answer to this question reveals important differences 
       in the way science, the law, and the public regard 
       evidence - and not just in the breast-implant controversy.
       As our society becomes ever more dependent, at all levels,
       on science and technology, misconceptions about scientific
       evidence become an increasing danger to the public good - 
       with consequences that extend far beyond the question of 
       whether silicone gel-filled breast implants are safe. 
650  0 Products liability|xBreast implants|0http://id.loc.gov/
       authorities/subjects/sh93001755|zUnited States.|0http://
       id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n78095330 
650  0 Breast implants|xLaw and legislation|0http://id.loc.gov/
       authorities/subjects/sh93001754|zUnited States.|0http://
       id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n78095330 
650  0 Breast implants|xComplications.|0http://id.loc.gov/
       authorities/subjects/sh92002211 
907    .b23066192 
984    2015|cheld 
990    MARCIVE MELB 201906 
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