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LEADER 00000nam a2200397 a 4500 
001       93038441 
008    931004s1994    nyub     b    001 0 eng   
010    93038441 
019 1  10549148 
019    93038441 
020    0521476798|q(paperback) 
020    0521452384|q(hardback) 
035    .b18320922 
043    a-is--- 
050  0 HD1537.J4|bS56 1994 
082 00 305.5/633/09569442|220 
100 1  Singer, Amy.|0
245 10 Palestinian peasants and Ottoman officials :|brural 
       administration around sixteenth-century Jerusalem /|cAmy 
264  1 Cambridge ;|aNew York :|bCambridge University Press,
300    xvii, 201 pages :|bmaps ;|c24 cm. 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    unmediated|bn|2rdamedia 
338    volume|bnc|2rdacarrier 
490 1  Cambridge studies in Islamic civilization. 
504    Includes bibliographical references (pages 191-197) and 
505 0  1. Peasants, Palestine, and the Ottoman Empire. Palestine 
       and the Ottoman Empire. Peasants and peasant studies -- 2.
       Aspects of Authority. Officials. Peasants. The ra'is al-
       fallahin -- 3. The Rules of Local Administration. 
       Taxation. Production. The weight of taxation -- 4. Real 
       Accounts and Accounting. Abu Dis. Ayn Karim. Bittir. 
       Nahiyat Bani Zayd. Bayt Lahm and Bayt Jala. Inab. 
       Conclusion on the paying of taxes -- 5. Between Rebellion 
       and Oppression. "Tamarrud ve fesad" - "rebellious" 
       peasants. "Zulm ve ta'addi" - "oppressive" officials. 
       Other disruptive factors -- 6. Realities and Routines. 
       Images of authority. Illusions of power. Peasants and the 
       Empire -- App. I. Survey information on individual 
       villages -- App. II. Tables of imams and olive oil -- App.
       III. List of village leaders. 
520    In a unique study of rural administration in the Ottoman 
       empire, Amy Singer explores the relationship between 
       Palestinian peasants and Ottoman provincial officials 
       around Jerusalem in the mid-sixteenth century. With the 
       use of court records, the author provides detailed 
       information on local conditions of production, the 
       mechanisms for assessing and collecting taxes, and the 
       strategies that were evolved for evading them. The 
       administration functioned as a process of negotiation and 
       compromise between peasants and military-administrative 
       officials, mediated often through the kadi who was the 
       judicial authority for both in virtually all matters. It 
       was framed by the Ottoman timar system, and was infused 
       with an ideology which stressed the sultan's 
       responsibility to protect the producing peasants as 
       essential to the prosperity of his empire. The book 
       emphasizes the complex, colourful and interactive nature 
       of Ottoman provincial administration, which, while obliged
       to extract revenues from the peasants and impress them 
       with the power of imperial authority, was nevertheless 
       profoundly influenced by local conditions and traditional 
       practices in its dealings with the populace. 
650  0 Peasants|0
       sh85099061|zJerusalem Region|xHistory|y16th century. 
650  0 Peasants|0
       subjects/sh99005245|zJerusalem Region|xHistory|y16th 
650  0 Military government|0
       subjects/sh85085203|zJerusalem Region|xHistory|y16th 
650  0 Court records|0
       sh85033556|zJerusalem Region|xHistory|y16th century. 
830  0 Cambridge studies in Islamic civilization.|0http:// 
907    .b18320922 
990    MARCIVE MELB 201906 
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