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LEADER 00000cam a2200601Ii 4500
006 m o d
007 cr cnu|||unuuu
008 170207s2017 sz b ob 000 0 eng d
020 9783319519975|q(electronic bk.)
020 3319519972|q(electronic bk.)
024 7 10.1007/978-3-319-51997-5|2doi
037 com.springer.onix.9783319519975|bSpringer Nature
050 4 K3230.R45
082 04 342.083|223
100 1 Çetinkaya, Lokman B.,|0http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names
245 10 Safe zone :|ba response to large-scale refugee outflows
and human suffering /|cLokman B. Çetinkaya.
264 1 Cham, Switzerland :|bSpringer,|c
300 1 online resource (viii, 71 pages) :|bcolor maps.
338 online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier
347 text file|bPDF|2rda
490 1 SpringerBriefs in Law.
504 Includes bibliographical references.
505 0 Foreword; Contents; 1 Introduction; 2 Application of
Countermeasures to Justify the Establishment of Safe Zones
as a Response to Large-Scale Refugee Outflows; 2.1
Analysis of the Requirements for a Countermeasures Defense
to Establish of Safe Zones; 2.1.1 A Response to a Previous
Internationally Wrongful Act; 2.1.2 The Responsible State
Must Be Called upon to Return to a Lawful Situation Before
Countermeasures Are Adopted; 2.1.3 Countermeasures Must Be
Directed Only Against the Wrongdoer State to Induce
Compliance with Its International Obligations; 2.1.4
Duration; 2.1.5 Reversibility.
505 8 2.1.6 Proportionality2.2 Collective Countermeasures; 2.3
Forcible Countermeasures; 2.3.1 Character of the Use of
Force; 2.3.2 The Ban on the Use of Force and Forcible
Countermeasures; 2.3.3 Forcible Measures Against Large-
Scale Refugee Outflows; 3 Application of the Concept of
Necessity to Justify the Establishment of Safe Zones to
Prevent Large-Scale Refugee Outflows; 3.1 Analysis of the
Requirements for a Necessity Defense to Establish of Safe
Zones; 3.1.1 An 'Essential Interest' of the State Must Be
at Stake; 3.1.2 Presence of a 'Grave and Imminent Peril'
505 8 3.1.3 The State Must Have no Other Means of Safeguarding
Its Interest188.8.131.52 Resettlement of Refugees in Third
States; 184.108.40.206 Refugee Camps/Accommodation Centers in the
Refugee-Receiving Country; 220.127.116.11 Border Closure; 18.104.22.168
Establishment of Safe Zones in the Refugee-Generating
Country; 3.1.4 Balancing Conflicting Interests; 3.1.5
State's Contribution to the Occurrence of the Situation of
Necessity; 3.2 Application of the Necessity Doctrine to
Justify Forcible Action Abroad.
505 8 4 Application of the Humanitarian Intervention Doctrine to
Justify the Establishment of Safe Zones to Alleviate Human
Suffering4.1 Responsibility to Protect or Humanitarian
Intervention?; 4.2 Breaking the Sovereignty Shield; 4.3
The Link Between Human Suffering, Refugee Outflows and
International Security; 4.4 Historical Instances of
Humanitarian Intervention; 4.5 Legality of Humanitarian
Intervention and the Establishment of Safe Zones; 4.6
Disinterest; 5 Conclusion; References; List of Cases.
520 Using legal arguments consistent with international law,
this book explores whether and under which circumstances a
State (or States) may establish and militarily enforce
safe zones in countries that produce large-scale refugee
outflows so as to protect its (or their) own interests by
averting said outflows, as well as to alleviate human
suffering in today's world of civil and internal warfare.
Though large-scale refugee outflows have become an
increasingly frequent problem in inter-state relations,
international law offers no clear remedy. Accordingly,
interpretation and adaptation of the existing rules and
principles of international law, in addition to State
practice and the jurisprudence of international courts,
are required in order to find appropriate and lawful
responses to such situations. The book examines
countermeasures, necessity and humanitarian intervention
as possible legal grounds to justify the establishment of
safe zones. Since the proposal of a safe zone for Syria
remains on the international community's agenda, the
specific conditions of this case are particularly
addressed in order to assess the suitability and legality
of a possible safe zone in Syria.
650 0 Refugees|xLegal status, laws, etc.|0http://id.loc.gov/
650 0 Asylum, Right of.|0http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/
655 4 Electronic books.
710 2 SpringerLink (Online service),|0http://id.loc.gov/
776 08 |iPrinted edition:|z9783319519968.
830 0 SpringerBriefs in law.|0http://id.loc.gov/authorities/
830 0 Springer Law and Criminology eBooks 2017 English+
856 40 |uhttps://ezp.lib.unimelb.edu.au/login?url=http://
ebook (University of Melbourne only)
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