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E-RESOURCE

Title Molecular biology and biotechnology of plant organelles [electronic resource] : chloroplasts and mitochondria / edited by Henry Daniell and Christine Chase.

Published Dordrecht, the Netherlands : Springer, ò004.

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Location Call No. Status
 UniM INTERNET resource    AVAILABLE
Physical description 1 online resource (xxvi, 659 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Introduction to the molecular biology and biotechnology of plant organelles / Henry Daniell, Christine D. Chase -- The evolutionary origins of plant organelles / Michael W. Gray -- The somatic inheritance of plant organelles / S. Heinhorst [and others] -- The sexual inheritance of plant organelles / Rudolph Hagemann -- Plastid genomes / R.M. Maier, C. Schmitz-Linneweber -- Plant mitochondrial genomes / C. Fauron [and others] -- Proteomics, bioinformatics, and genomics applied to plant organelles / C. Colas des Francs-Small, B. Szurek, I. Small -- The transcription of plant organelle genomes / Andreas Weihe -- RNA editing in plant organelles / R. Michael Mulligan -- Plastid and plant mitochondrial RNA processing and RNA stability / A. Marchfelder, S. Binder -- Intron splicing in plant organelles / Alice Barkan -- Translational machinery in plant organelles / Linda Bonen -- Regulation of translation in chloroplasts / William Zerges -- Targeting signals and import machinery of plastids and plant mitochondria / Elzbieta Glaser, J赲gen Soll -- Proteolysis in plant organelles / Zach Adam -- Chloroplast genetic engineering / Henry Daniell [and others] -- Engineering herbicide resistance pathways in plastids / Amit Dhingra, Henry Daniell -- Metabolic engineering of chloroplasts for abiotic stress tolerance / Joe H. Cherry, Brent L. Nielsen -- Metabolic pathway engineering for nutrition enrichment / Niranjan Baisakh, Swapan Datta -- Plastid metabolic pathways for fatty acid metabolism / Ikuo Nishida -- Metabolic engineering : plastids as bioreactors / Karen Bohmert, Oliver P. Peoples, Kristi D. Snell -- Cytoplasmic male sterility and fertility restoration by nuclear genes / Christine D. Chase, S. Gabay-Laughnan -- The use of cytoplasmic male sterility for hybrid seed production / Michael J. Havey -- Somatic cell cybrids and hybrids in plant improvement / W.W. Guo, X.D. Cai, J.W. Grosser.
Summary Plant organelles have intrigued biologists since the discovery of their endosymbiontic origin and maternal inheritance. The first application of organelle biotechnology was the role of cytoplasmic male sterility in hybrid seed production and "Green Revolution". In modern times, plant organelles are again leading the way for the creation of genetically modified crops. On a global scale, 75% of GM crops are engineered for herbicide resistance and most of these herbicides target pathways that reside within plastids. Several thousand proteins are imported into chloroplasts that participate in biosynthesis of fatty acids, amino acids, pigments, nucleotides and numerous metabolic pathways including photosynthesis. Thus, from green revolution to golden rice, plant organelles have played a critical role in revolutionizing agriculture. This book details not only basic concepts and current understanding of plant organelle genetics and molecular biology but also focuses on the synergy between basic biology and biotechnology. Forty four authors from nine countries have contributed twenty four chapters containing many figures and tables. Section 1 on organelle genomes and proteomes discusses molecular features of plastid and mitochondrial genomes, evolutinary origins, somatic and sexual inheritance, proteomics, bioinformatics and functional genomics. Section 2 on organelle gene expression and signalling discusses transcription, translation, RNA processing/editing, introns and splicing, protein synthesis, proteolysis, import of proteins into chloroplast and mitochondria and their regulation. Section 3 on organelle biotechnology discusses chloroplast and nuclear genetic engineering for biotic/abiotic stress tolerance, improved fatty acid/amino acid biosynthesis, biopharmaceuticals, biopolymers and biomaterials, cytoplasmic male sterility for hybrid seed production, plant improvement and restoration of fertility. This book is designed to serve as a comprehensive volume and reference guide for teachers, advanced undergraduates and graduate students and researchers in plant molecular biology and biotechnology.
Notes Description based on print version record.
Other author Daniell, Henry.
Chase, Christine.
Subject Plant organelles.
Plant mitochondria.
Chloroplasts.
Plant molecular biology.
Plant genetic engineering.
Plant cell biotechnology.
Chloroplasts.
Plant cell biotechnology.
Plant genetic engineering.
Plant mitochondria.
Plant molecular biology.
Plant organelles.
Electronic books.
Variant Title Chloroplasts and mitochondria
ISBN 1402031661 (electronic bk.)
9781402031663 (electronic bk.)
9781402027130
1402027133