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LEADER 00000cam a22003614a 4500 
003    The World Bank 
005    20161013171605.0 
006    m     o  d         
007    cr cn||||||||| 
008    160311s2016    dcu     o    i00  0 eng   
019    WorldBank7790 
024 8  10.1596/1813-9450-7790 
035    (The World Bank)7790 
100 1  Liu, Jenny X. 
245 10 Global Health Workforce Labor Market Projections for 2030
       |h[electronic resource] /|cJenny X. Liu. 
260    Washington, D.C. :|bThe World Bank,|c2016. 
300    1 online resource (40 p.) 
520 3  In low- and middle-income countries, scaling essential 
       health interventions to achieve health development targets
       is constrained by the lack of skilled health professionals
       to deliver services. This paper takes a labor market 
       approach to project future health workforce demand based 
       on an economic model that projects economic growth, 
       demographics, and health coverage, and using health 
       workforce data (1990-2013) for 165 countries from the 
       World Health Organization's Global Health Observatory. The
       demand projections are compared with the projected growth 
       in health worker supply and health worker "needs" as 
       estimated by the World Health Organization to achieve 
       essential health coverage. The model predicts that by 2030
       global demand for health workers will rise to 80 million 
       workers, double the current (2013) stock of health 
       workers. The supply of health workers is expected to reach
       65 million over the same period, resulting in a worldwide 
       shortage of 15 million health workers. Growth in the 
       demand for health workers will be highest among upper-
       middle-income countries, driven by economic growth and 
       population growth and aging, resulting in the largest 
       predicted shortages, which may fuel global competition for
       skilled health workers. Middle-income countries will face 
       workforce shortages because their demand will exceed 
       supply. By contrast, low-income countries will face low 
       growth in demand and supply, but they will face workforce 
       shortages because their needs will exceed supply and 
       demand. In many low-income countries, demand may stay 
       below projected supply, leading to the paradoxical 
       phenomenon of unemployed ("surplus") health workers in 
       those countries facing acute "needs-based" shortages. 
700 1  Bruckner, Tim. 
700 1  Goryakin, Yevgeniy. 
700 1  Liu, Jenny X. 
700 1  Maeda, Akiko. 
700 1  Scheffler, Richard. 
776 18 Print Version:|iLiu, Jenny X|tGlobal Health Workforce 
       Labor Market Projections for 2030|dWashington, D.C. : The 
       World Bank, 2016. 
830  0 Policy research working papers. 
830  0 World Bank e-Library. 
856 40 |uhttps://ezp.lib.unimelb.edu.au/login?url=http://
       elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/book/10.1596/1813-9450-7790
       |zConnect to ebook (University of Melbourne only) 
990    WorldBank Working 
990    Batch Ebook load (bud2) - do not edit, delete or attach 
       any records. 
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