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Author Macours, Karen.

Title Cash transfers, behavioral changes, and cognitive development in early childhood [electronic resource] : evidence from a randomized experiment / Karen Macours, Norbert Schady, Renos Vakis.

Published [Washington, D.C. : World Bank, 2008]


Location Call No. Status
Series Policy research working paper ; 4759
Policy research working papers ; 4759.
World Bank e-Library.
Notes Title from PDF file as viewed on 5/12/2009.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references.
Summary "A variety of theories of skill formation suggest that investments in schooling and other dimensions of human capital will have lower returns if children do not have adequate levels of cognitive and social skills at an early age. This paper analyzes the impact of a randomized cash transfer program on cognitive development in early childhood in rural Nicaragua. It shows that the program had significant effects on cognitive outcomes, especially language. Impacts are larger for older pre-school age children, who are also more likely to be delayed. The program increased intake of nutrient-rich foods, early stimulation, and use of preventive health care-all of which have been identified as risk factors for development in early childhood. Households increased expenditures on these inputs more than can be accounted for by the increases in cash income only, suggesting that the program changed parents' behavior. The findings suggest that gains in early childhood development outcomes should be taken into account when assessing the benefits of cash transfer programs in developing countries. More broadly, the paper illustrates that gains in early childhood development can result from interventions that facilitate investments made by parents to reduce risk factors for cognitive development. "--World Bank web site.
Other formats Also available in print.
Other author Schady, Norbert Rudiger, 1967-
Vakis, Renos Nicos.
World Bank.
Subject Child development -- Nicaragua.
Transfer payments -- Nicaragua.