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Author Athanasiou, Lambros S.

Title Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging.

Published Saint Louis : Elsevier Science, 2017.


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource (235 pages)
Series ScienceDirect All Books
Contents Front Cover; Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging; Copyright Page; Contents; Preface; List of Abbreviations; 1 Introduction; 1.1 Anatomy and Physiology of the Cardiovascular System; 1.1.1 Heart; 1.1.2 The Cardiac Cycle; 1.1.3 Vascular System; 1.1.4 Blood Circulation; 1.2 Atherosclerosis; 1.2.1 Development of Atherosclerosis; 1.2.2 Treatment of Atherosclerosis; 1.3 Imaging of Atherosclerosis: Invasive and Noninvasive Techniques; 1.3.1 Invasive Coronary Imaging Techniques; 1.3.2 Noninvasive Coronary Imaging Techniques; 1.4 Outline of the Book; References.
2 Principles of Coronary Imaging Techniques2.1 Coronary Angiography; 2.1.1 Introduction to X-Ray Radiation; Coronary Catheterization; X-Ray Cinefluorographic System; X-Ray Images; Coronary Angiography Complications; 2.2 Intravascular Ultrasound; 2.2.1 Physical Principles of Ultrasound; 2.2.2 Coronary Ultrasound Imaging; 2.2.3 Plaque Characteristics in IVUS; 2.2.4 Limitations of IVUS; 2.3 Optical Coherence Tomography; 2.3.1 Tissue Optics; 2.3.2 Coronary Optical Tomography; The OCT System; 2.3.3 OCT Image; 2.3.4 Plaque Characteristics in OCT.
2.3.5 OCT Limitations2.4 Computed Tomography; 2.4.1 Principles of CT; CT Image and Coronary Plaque Characteristics; 2.4.2 Limitations of Coronary CT; References; 3 Quantitative Coronary Angiography Methods; 3.1 Two-Dimensional Coronary Quantitative Angiography; 3.1.1 Image Acquisition Protocol; 3.1.2 Technique; 3.1.3 Lumen Borders Detection; Thresholding an Image Using the Otsu's Method; Cubic B-spline; 3.2 Three-Dimensional Coronary Angiography; 3.2.1 Technique; 3.2.2 Accurate 3D lumen centerline detection; Cubic B-spline representation in 3D space. 3D Surfaces and the 3D Centerline3.2.3 Construction of the 2D lumen shape; 3.2.4 Construction of the 3D lumen borders; 3D Path Representation Using a Geometric Model; Computation of the Relative Twist Pattern of the 3D Path; Computation of the Absolute Orientation of the 3D Path; 3.2.5 3D surface reconstruction of the Lumen Artery; 3.3 Functionality of Three-Dimensional Reconstruction: Fractional Flow Reserve Calculation; References; 4 Plaque Characterization Methods Using Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging; 4.1 Plaque Segmentation.
4.1.1 Methodologies Developed for ROI Segmentation4.1.2 ROI Segmentation; Lumen Border Detection; Media-Adventitia Border Detection; 4.2 Plaque Characterization; 4.2.1 Methodologies Developed for Plaque Characterization Using Grayscale IVUS; 4.2.2 Methodologies Developed for Plaque Characterization Using the Backscatter IVUS Signal; 4.2.3 Plaque Characterization Using IVUS Images; DC and FT Detection; FFT and NC Detection; Texture Extraction; Classification Algorithms; Media Detection; References.
Notes 5 Plaque Characterization Methods Using Optical Coherence Tomography.
Summary Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging provides a complete review of computer methods for atherosclerotic plaque reconstruction and characterization. The authors, with their expertise from biomedical engineering, computer science, and cardiology, offer a holistic view. The focus of the book is on the presentation of major imaging techniques, including their limitations. It includes details on the mechanical characterization and properties of plaques and appropriate constitutive models to describe the mechanical behavior of plaques. The authors explore the challenges of using multiple coronary imaging technologies, and provide the pros and cons of invasive vs. non-invasive techniques. Methods for plaque characterization and 3D reconstruction of coronary arteries using IVUS, OCT, and CT images are described. This book will help readers study new trends in image processing analysis and plaque characterization, implement automated plaque characterization methodologies, understand coronary imaging drawbacks, and comprehend 3 dimensional coronary artery and plaque reconstruction methods.
Other author Fotiadis, Dimitrios I.
Michalis, Lampros K.
Elsevier issuing body.
Subject Atherosclerotic plaque -- Computer simulation.
Electronic books.
ISBN 9780128051139 (electronic bk.)
0128051132 (electronic bk.)