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Book Cover
PRINTED BOOKS
Author Webb, Penny, 1963-

Title Essential epidemiology : an introduction for students and health professionals / Penny Webb, Chris Bain and Sandi Pirozzo.

Published Cambridge, UK ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM BioMed  614.4 WEBB    AVAILABLE
 UniM BioMed  614.4 WEBB    AVAILABLE
 UniM BioMed  614.4 WEBB    DUE 09-10-19
 UniM BioMed  614.4 WEBB    AVAILABLE
Physical description x, 355 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents 1 Epidemiology is... 1 -- A case of food poisoning 2 -- Subdisciplines of epidemiology 4 -- On epidemics 5 -- An historical epidemic 7 -- Beginnings 10 -- What does epidemiology offer? 16 -- What do epidemiologists do? 17 -- A natural experiment 22 -- 2 How long is a piece of string? Measuring disease frequency 28 -- What are we measuring? 28 -- Prevalence and incidence 30 -- Measuring disease in epidemiological studies 36 -- Measuring disease occurrence using routine data 42 -- Other measures commonly used in public health 49 -- Measures of mortality related to childbirth and early life 51 -- Other measures of health status 54 -- 3 Who, what, where and when? Finding and using public health data 61 -- Which data? 63 -- Raw health data 64 -- Summary health data 71 -- Gaining access to the data 72 -- 4 Watching not waiting: surveillance and epidemiological intelligence / Professor Adrian Sleigh 75 -- Scope of surveillance 78 -- Types of surveillance 80 -- Surveillance in practice 83 -- Evaluation of surveillance 87 -- 5 Why? Linking exposure and disease 89 -- Looking for associations 90 -- Ratio measures (relative risk) 92 -- Difference measures (attributable risk) 95 -- Relative risk versus attributable risk 105 -- Case-control studies 106 -- 6 Solid foundations: research designs for public health 117 -- Types of study 118 -- Descriptive studies 121 -- Analytic studies 125 -- Intervention studies or experiments 140 -- 7 All that glitters is not gold: the problem of error 148 -- Error 149 -- Subject selection 151 -- Measurement or information error 166 -- Assessment of the likely effects of error on the results of a study 177 -- 8 Muddied waters: the challenge of confounding 183 -- Is alcohol a risk factor for lung cancer? 184 -- Criteria for a confounder 186 -- Effects of confounding 187 -- Control of confounding 193 -- Confounding: the bottom line 200 -- 9 Bringing it together: reading and writing papers in practice 202 -- Research question and study design 203 -- Study sample: selection bias 204 -- Measuring disease and exposure: measurement bias 206 -- Confounding 208 -- Chance 209 -- Study validity 210 -- Descriptive studies 212 -- Writing papers 213 -- 10 Who sank the boat? Association and causation 215 -- What do we mean by a cause? 216 -- Association versus causation 219 -- Evaluating causation 221 -- Evaluating causality in practice: does H. pylori cause stomach cancer? 227 -- And then what? 228 -- 11 Assembling the building blocks: reviews and their uses 229 -- Identifying the literature 230 -- Different types of study 231 -- Summarising the data 234 -- Assessment of causality 240 -- Assessing the quality of a systematic review 240 -- Making judgements in practice 243 -- End result 246 -- 12 Outbreaks, epidemics and clusters / Professor Adrian Sleigh 249 -- Outbreaks, epidemics, endemics and clusters 250 -- Rare disease clusters 253 -- Epidemiology of infectious diseases 254 -- A causal model 256 -- What influences the spread of infectious diseases? 258 -- Epidemics or outbreaks 264 -- Investigating outbreaks 266 -- Tuberculosis: a case study 270 -- 13 Prevention: better than cure? 276 -- Disease prevention in public health 276 -- Scope for preventive medicine 281 -- Strategies for prevention 284 -- 14 Early detection: what benefits at what cost? 290 -- Why screen? 290 -- Requirements of a screening programme 293 -- Screening programme 303 -- Evaluation of a screening programme 304 -- Negative consequences of a screening programme 312 -- 15 A final word... 316 -- What does the future hold for epidemiology? 320 -- Appendix 1 Direct standardisation 334 -- Appendix 2 Standard populations 336 -- Appendix 3 Calculating cumulative incidence and lifetime risk from routine data 337 -- Appendix 4 Indirect standardisation 339 -- Appendix 5 Mantel-Haenszel method for calculating pooled odds ratios 341.
Other author Bain, Chris, 1947-
Pirozzo, Sandi, 1951-
Subject Epidemiology.
Standard Number 9780521546613
ISBN 0521546613 (paperback)