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Author Qiao, Guangyu

Title The UN-ASEAN policy coordination on trafficking in persons

Published 2019


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource
Thesis notes Thesis (PhD )-- Asia Institute 2019
Summary The linkage between the United Nations (UN) and regional organisations has multiplied as their mandates grew into much broader areas. Despite the high frequency of their interactions and resultant significant implications, the policy coordination process between the UN and a regional organisation has never been systematically examined in the existing global governance, regional governance and policy transfer literature. This dissertation aims to contribute to scholarship by investigating the policy coordination process between the UN and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). A conceptual framework is specifically designed for this investigation based on the differences between states and international organisations in receiving policies, drawing from theories of policy transfer, regime complex and institutional interaction. Using trafficking in persons (TIP) as a case study, this dissertation identifies elements of policy transfer from the UN to ASEAN and examines how transfer occurs through various stages - gridlocked transfer, symbolic transfer, partial transfer and substantial transfer. This dissertation concludes that the UN-ASEAN policy transfer is a two-step process, starting with transfer from the UN to the ASEAN member states, followed by synthesis at the regional level. ASEAN's intergovernmental consensual decision-making approach restricts transfer outcomes to a common low base of national preferences, which is the lowest common denominator. A diverse range of policy transfer agents - including destination states of human trafficking, the UN agencies, NGOs and epistemic communities - proved crucial in enhancing the lowest common denominator by steering lesson drawing, emulation and coercive transfer processes. Concurrently, policy transfer to ASEAN is shaped by "forum-shopping"by the ASEAN member states and other stakeholders within the TIP regime complex, based on the comparative advantage between ASEAN and other multilateral cooperation mechanisms in solving TIP-related issues. The extent to which ASEAN substantially adopted UN policy on TIP was linked to whether ASEAN was the chosen forum by its member states and other stakeholders.
Subject policy transfer, UN, ASEAN, trafficking in persons, regional governance