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E-RESOURCE
Author Mody, Ashoka.

Title Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries [electronic resource] : Bad Luck, Bad Policies, or Bad Advice? / Ashoka Mody.

Published Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 2004.

Copies

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 UniM INTERNET resource    AVAILABLE
Physical description 1 online resource (42 p.)
Series IMF Working Papers; Working Paper ; No. 04/93
IMF Working Papers; Working Paper ; No. 04/93
Summary Following the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1992, several low-income countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) accumulated substantial external debt in a short time span, about half of which is owed to multilateral financial institutions. Three factors contributed to the current debt burden. First, the initial years of transition brought large systemic economic disruptions, loss of transfers from the center and collapse of trade relations among Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) countries, and negative terms of trade shocks. Second, fiscal and other reforms, and consequently, growth revival, took longer than expected. Third, overoptimism by multilaterals contributed to the high debt levels. If external financial assistance, which was needed because of high social costs of the transition, had come in the form of grants in the first two or three years of the transition, the debt burden would have been lower and sustainable.
Notes Description based on print version record.
Other author Helbling, Thomas.
Mody, Ashoka.
Sahay, Ratna.
Subject Current Account
Debt Burden
Deficits
Economic Growth of Open Economies
External Debt
Growth
ISBN 1451851685 : 15.00 USD
9781451851687
ISSN 1018-5941
Standard Number 10.5089/9781451851687.001