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Title Bioethical decision making and argumentation / Pedro Serna, Jose-Antonio Seoane, editors.

Published Switzerland : Springer, [2016]


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource.
Series International library of ethics, law, and the new medicine ; volume 70
International library of ethics, law, and the new medicine ; v. 70.
Springer English/International eBooks 2016 - Full Set
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Foreword; Contents; Chapter 1: Principlism in€Bioethics; 1.1 The History and€Origins of€Principles in€Bioethics; 1.1.1 The Hippocratic Tradition's Lack of€Principles; 1.1.2 The Virtues in€Percival's Medical Ethics; 1.1.3 The Principles in€the€Nuremberg Code (1947); 1.1.4 The Principles in€the€Declaration of€Helsinki (1964); 1.1.5 Frameworks of€Basic Principles in€the€1970s; 1.2 The Four-Principles Framework; 1.2.1 Principles as€Nonabsolute; 1.2.2 The Basic Principles in€the€Principlist Framework; Respect for€Autonomy; Nonmaleficence; Beneficence; Justice.
1.3 The Centrality of€Common Morality in€Principlist Theory1.4 Specifying Principles to€Render Them Practical; 1.4.1 The Method of€Specification; 1.4.2 Justifying Specifications Using a€Method of€Coherence; 1.5 Particular Moralities and€Specification; 1.6 The Idea of€Eastern and€Western Moralities; 1.7 The Global Acceptance of€Universal Principles in€Research Ethics; 1.8 Conclusion; References; Chapter 2: Values and€Bioethics; 2.1 A Biological Need; 2.2 The Project Structure; 2.3 Facts and€Values; 2.4 The World of€Values; 2.5 Valuing and€Values; 2.6 Value Conflicts; 2.7 Values and€Duties.
2.8 Deliberation as€Procedure2.9 How, Then, to€Proceed?; References; Chapter 3: A Human Rights Approach to€Bioethics; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Human Rights Instruments Relating to€Bioethics; 3.2.1 Core Instruments of€International Human Rights Law; 3.2.2 The Universal Declaration on€Bioethics and€Human Rights; 3.2.3 The European Convention on€Human Rights and€Biomedicine; 3.3 Reasons for€the€Recourse to€Human Rights in€International Bioethics; 3.4 Shortcomings of€Human Rights for€Dealing with€Some Biotechnological Developments; 3.5 Conclusion; References.
Chapter 4: Philosophical Imperialism? A€Critical View of€North American Principlist Bioethics4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Common Morality as€Universal Ethics; 4.3 The Authority of€Particular Moralities; 4.4 Two Understanding of€Principlism; 4.5 Specification and€Balancing Guided by Coherence; 4.6 Conclusion; References; Chapter 5: Principlism and€Normative Systems; 5.1 Approach; 5.2 Description; 5.2.1 Elements of€the€System: An€Axiomatic Basis; 5.2.2 Deploying the€System: Specification; 5.2.3 (Narrow) Reflective Equilibrium; 5.3 Normative Systems. Some Problems in€the€Principlist Model.
5.3.1 System Normativity5.3.2 Setting the€Axiomatic Basis; 5.3.3 Drawing Consequences; 5.4 Towards a€Wide Reflective Equilibrium; 5.5 Conclusions; References; Chapter 6: Types of€Action and€Criteria for€Individualizing Them: The€Case of€Omission of€Life-Saving Care; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 The Intelligibility of€Types of€Action: Convention or Representation?; 6.3 Teleology and€Types of€Action; 6.3.1 Physical Classification, Moral Classification and€Overlapping Classifications; 6.3.2 Killing by€Omission as€the€Physical Description of€the€Action and€Object of€Moral Choice.
Summary This book clarifies the meaning of the most important and pervasive concepts and tools in bioethical argumentation (principles, values, dignity, rights, duties, deliberation, prudence) and assesses the methodological suitability of the main methods for clinical decision-making and argumentation. The first part of the book is devoted to the most developed or promising approaches regarding bioethical argumentation, namely those based on principles, values and human rights. The authors then continue to deal with the contributions and shortcomings of these approaches and suggest further developments by means of substantive and procedural elements and concepts from practical philosophy, normative systems theory, theory of action, human rights and legal argumentation. Furthermore, new models of biomedical and health care decision-making, which overcome the aforementioned criticism and stress the relevance of the argumentative responsibility, and some legal and institutional reflection on international bioethics committees, are included.
Other author Serna, Pedro, editor.
Seoane, Jose-Antonio, editor.
SpringerLink issuing body.
Subject Bioethics -- Decision making.
Medical ethics.
Electronic books.
ISBN 9783319434193 (electronic bk.)
3319434195 (electronic bk.)