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Title Analytical techniques and methods for biomass / Sílvio Vaz, Jr., editor.

Published Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2016.


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource (xi, 280 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Series Springer English/International eBooks 2016 - Full Set
Contents Preface; Contents; Contributors; Chapter 1: The Use of Analytical Chemistry to Understand Biomass; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Plant Biomass Diversity and Composition; 1.3 Chemical Analysis and Its Application in Biomass Study; 1.4 Sustainability and Economic Aspects of Analytical Chemistry; 1.5 Conclusions; References; Chapter 2: Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Lignins from Different Sources and Isolation Methods for an Application as a Biobased Chemical Resource and Polymeric Material; 2.1 Introduction and Research Question; 2.2 The Understanding of the Lignin Structure
2.3 Current Level of Research2.3.1 Lignin; 2.3.2 Recovery of Lignin; Organosolv Process; Steam Explosion; 2.3.3 Use of Lignins; 2.3.4 Lignin Analytics; 2.3.5 Prerequisites for Lignin Properties from Literature Values, for Use in Polyurethanes (Thermoplastic/Thermosetting); 2.3.6 Prerequisites for Lignin Properties from Literature Values, for Use in PF Resins; 2.4 Analytical Data; 2.4.1 Purity and Fractional Yield of Lignin: LigSteam vs OBL_1 and OBL_2; 2.4.2 Solubility; 2.4.3 Physico-chemical Characteristics of Organosolv Derived Lignin Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy2.4.3.2 31P NMR Spectroscopy; Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA); Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC); Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC); Pyrolysis GC/MS; 2.5 Summary; 2.6 Analytical Methods; 2.6.1 Purity, Ash and Sugar Contents; 2.6.2 Solubility; 2.6.3 FT-IR Spectroscopy; 2.6.4 31P NMR Spectroscopy; 2.6.5 SEC; 2.6.6 TGA; References; Chapter 3: Analyses of Biomass Fibers by XRD, FT-IR, and NIR; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 X-Ray Powder Diffraction; 3.2.1 Theory; Crystallinity Cellulose Crystallinity3.2.2 Cellulose Crystallinity Index; 3.2.3 X-Ray Powder Diffraction Applications; Crystallinity Index of Materials; Crystallinity Changes During Drying; Changes in Crystallinity Due to Physicochemical Pretreatments; 3.3 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy; 3.3.1 Theory; The Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer; The Development of Effective Sample Analysis Techniques; Spectral Interpretation; 3.3.2 Spectra of Cellulose, Hemicellulose, and Lignin; Cellulose; Hemicellulose; Lignin
3.3.3 Comparing Compositions of Different Materials by FT-IR3.3.4 Monitoring Changes in Fiber Structure by FT-IR Due to Pretreatments; 3.4 Near Infrared Spectroscopy; 3.4.1 Theory; 3.4.2 NIR Applications; 3.4.3 Recent Advances; References; Chapter 4: Molecular Properties and Functions of Humic Substances and Humic-Like Substances (HULIS) from Biomass and Their Transformation Products; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry; 4.2.1 Pyrolysis and Thermochemolysis; 4.2.2 Derivatization Followed by Reductive Cleavage; 4.3 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Notes Includes index.
Other author Vaz, Sílvio.
SpringerLink issuing body.
Subject Biomass energy.
Electronic books.
ISBN 9783319414140 (electronic bk.)
3319414143 (electronic bk.)