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Author Eisenstadt, S. N. (Shmuel Noah), 1923-2010.

Title Patrons, clients, and friends : interpersonal relations and the structure of trust in society / S.N. Eisenstadt and L. Roniger.

Published Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1984.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bail  302.34 EISE    AVAILABLE
Physical description x, 343 pages ; 24 cm.
Series Themes in the social sciences.
Themes in the social sciences.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents 1 Personal Relations, Trust and Ambivalence in Relation to the Institutional Order 1 -- 2 Construction of Trust in the Social Order and its Ambivalences: Viewed From the Development of Sociological Theory 19 -- 3 Structuring of Trust in Society: Unconditionalities, Generalised Exchange and the Development of Interpersonal Relations 29 -- 4 Basic Characteristics and Variety of Patron-Client Relations 43 -- Core characteristics of patron-client relations 43 -- Patron-client relations in southern Europe 50 -- Patron-client relations in the Muslim Middle East 81 -- Patron-client relations in Latin America 99 -- Patron-client relations in southeast Asia 117 -- Patron-client relations in China, Japan, India, Rwanda and southwestern Cyrenaica 138 -- Patron-client relations in the U.S.A., the U.S.S.R. and modern Japan 155 -- Approaching the systematic study of variations in patron-client relations 162 -- 5 Clientelistic Mode of Generalised Exchange and Patron--Client Relations as Addenda to the Central Institutional Nexus 166 -- Clientelistic mode of generalised exchange in comparative perspective 166 -- Patron-client relations as addenda to ascriptive hierarchical models of generalised exchange 173 -- Patron-client relations as addenda to universalistic modes of generalised exchange 184 -- Countervailing forces to the development of patron-client relations in universalistic societies: the U.S.S.R., the U.S.A. and Israel 185 -- Failure of countervailing forces in clientelistic societies 200 -- 6 Social Conditions Generating Patron-Client Relations 203 -- 7 Variations in Patron-Client Relations 220 -- Organisational aspects of clientelism: institutional placement and structure of networks 228 -- Modes of patron-client role taking 245 -- Styles of installation: the forms of construction of patron-client relations 248 -- Variations in clientelistic exchanges 250 -- Continuities, discontinuities and instability of patron-client relations 263 -- 8 Ritualised Interpersonal Relations; Privacy and Friendship 269 -- Ritualised interpersonal relations in 'tribal' societies 272 -- Interpersonal relations in traditional or historical societies 276 -- Interpersonal relations and privacy in modern societies 282 -- 9 Concluding Remarks: The Dialectics of Trust and the Social Order 294.
Summary The form of social relations described by the terms 'patronage' and 'patron-client relations' is of central concern to sociologists, anthropologists and political scientists today. Characterised by its voluntary and highly personal but often fully institutionalised nature, it is a type of behaviour found in almost every human society. It touches upon basic aspects of the construction and regulation of social order and is therefore closely connected to major theoretical problems and controversies in the social sciences.
This book analyses some special types of these interpersonal relations -- ritual kinship, patron-client relations and friendship -- and the social conditions in which they develop. The authors draw upon a wide range of examples, from societies as diverse as those of the Mediterranean. Latin America, the Middle and Far East and the U.S.S.R., in their study of the core characteristics of such relationships. They look at them as mechanisms of social exchange, examine their impact on the institutional structures in which they exist, and assess the significance of the variations in their occurrence. Their analysis highlights the importance of these relationships in social life and concludes with a stimulating discussion of the ensuing tensions and ambivalences and the ways in which these are dealt with -- though perhaps never fully overcome.
Patrons, clients and friends is the first systematic comparative study of these interpersonal relations and makes the first attempt to relate them to central aspects of social structure. It will therefore be an important contribution to both comparative analysis and social theory and will be of interest to a wide range of socialscientists.
Other author Roniger, Luis, 1949-
Subject Interpersonal relations.
Patron and client.
ISBN 0521246873
0521288908 (paperback)