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PRINTED BOOKS
Author De Janvry, Alain.

Title The agrarian question and reformism in Latin America / Alain de Janvry.

Published Baltimore : The Johns Hopkins University Press, [1981]
©1981

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bund  338.188 DEJA {Bund81 20190820}    AVAILABLE
Physical description xvi, 311 pages ; 24 cm.
Series The Johns Hopkins studies in development.
Johns Hopkins studies in development.
Notes Includes index.
Bibliography Bibliography: pages 303-306.
Contents Chapter 1. Laws of Motion in the Center-Periphery Structure: The Underlying Forces 7 -- Evolution of Thought on Unequal Development 9 -- Dialectic Between Production and Circulation 23 -- Contradictions of Accumulation in Articulated Economies 26 -- Contradictions of Accumulation in Disarticulated Economies 32 -- Dependency, Class Structure, and Social Disarticulation 40 -- Market-Widening and Market-Deepening 45 -- Mechanisms of Surplus Transfer Between Center and Periphery 50 -- Accumulation in the Center-Periphery Structure and the Current Crisis 55 -- Chapter 2. Agrarian Crisis in Latin America: The Facts 61 -- Integration of Latin American Agriculture into the National and World Economies 61 -- Patterns of Growth and Stagnation 68 -- Rise and Logic of Functional Dualism 81 -- Contradictions of Functional Dualism 85 -- Chapter 3. Transformation of the Agrarian Structure and the Peasantry 94 -- Nature and Future of the Peasantry 95 -- Roads to the Development of Capitalism in Agriculture 106 -- Modes of Production, Social Classes, and Types of Farm Enterprises 109 -- Chapter 4. Disarticulated Accumulation and Agrarian Crisis 141 -- Prevalent Theses on the Food and Hunger Crisis 141 -- Material Determinants of the Agrarian Crisis 151 -- New World Order: A New International Division of Labor for Agriculture? 175 -- Chapter 5. Political Economy of Reformism 182 -- Capitalist State 183 -- Petty Bourgeoisie and Legitimation 187 -- Peripheral State 191 -- Reforms and the Management of Crises 193 -- Limits of Reformism 195 -- Agrarian Reformism in Latin America 197 -- Chapter 6. Types and Consequences of Land Reform 202 -- A Typology of Land Reforms 203 -- Consequences of Land Reforms 211 -- End of Land Reform 221 -- Chapter 7. Strategy of Integrated Rural Development 224 -- A Typology of Rural-Development Projects 224 -- Criteria for the Evaluation of Rural-Development Projects 231 -- Puebla-Type Rural-Development Projects 234 -- Economic Achievements of Rural-Development Projects 238 -- Structural Characteristics of the Peasant Economy That Condition Technological Change 239 -- Profitability and Risk 247 -- Diffusion Strategy 250 -- Political Economy of Integrated Rural Development 252 -- Chapter 8. Agrarian Question and Change in Latin America: Conclusions 255 -- Policy Proposals for Growth with Equity 255 -- Limits of Reformism 259 -- Political Economy of Equitable Growth 264 -- 1.1. Structure of an Articulated Economy 27 -- 1.2. Structure of Disarticulated Export-Enclave Economies 32 -- 1.3. Structure of Disarticulated Import-Substitution Industrialization Economies 33 -- 1.4. Productivity of Labor and Real Wages in Manufacturing, United States and Brazil, 1966-74 35 -- 1.5. Social Class Structure and Alliances 42 -- 3.1. Social Classes and Types of Farm Enterprises in Latin America 110 -- 3.2. Dynamic Process of Class Differentiation in Latin America 117 -- 6.1. Typology of Land Reforms in Latin America 205 -- 7.1. Types of Agrarian Reforms 225 -- 1.1. Average Annual Growth Rates in Gross Domestic Product, Manufacturing, and Gross Fixed Capital Formation 19 -- 1.2. Growth and Income Distribution, 1960-70 36 -- 1.3. Share of Different Income Strata in Total Consumption, 1974, and Growth Rate of Production by Type of Commodity, 1967-68 to 1975-76 47 -- 1.4. Mexico: Distribution of Income and Consumption in Urban Households, 1968 49 -- 1.5. Flow of Funds Related to Direct U.S. Investment, 1960-72 51 -- 2.1. Agricultural Production in Latin America, Selected Years 69 -- 2.2. Rate of Growth of Production by Commodity and Country, 1948-52 to 1968-72 72 -- 2.3. Real Price Tendencies (Rate of Change per Year), 1950-70 74 -- 2.4. Share of Large Farms in Total Production, and Mean Area Harvested per Farm, 1950-71 75 -- 2.5. Share of Production Sold and Share of Labor Hired, by Crop 77 -- 2.6. Grain Dependency: Share of Imports in Total Consumption, 1948-52 and 1968-72 78 -- 2.7. Share of Selected Foods in the Urban Wage Basket, Selected Years and Countries 79 -- 2.8. Share of Exports in Total Production, 1948-52 and 1968-72 80 -- 3.1. Rural Social Classes in Latin America: Distribution of Households and Land 115 -- 3.2. Dynamics of Land Tenure Systems: Initial and Terminal Percentages 119 -- 3.3. Size of Farms Less Than 5 Hectares in Area for Eleven Central and South American Countries, 1950-70 122 -- 3.4. Mexico: Hectares of Land Benefited by Major Federal Irrigation Projects as a Percentage of Total Hectares Cultivated, 1940-60 125 -- 3.5. Mexico: Value Share of Agricultural Production, 1950 and 1960 126 -- 3.6. Mexico: Distribution of Cultivated Area and Value Share of Production by Farm Size, 1940-70 127 -- 3.7. Mexico: Average Area per Landholding, 1960 and 1970 128 -- 3.8. Mexico: Number of Farms, Percentage of Farms, and Total Land Area in the Private Sector Controlled by Farms, by Farm Size, 1940-70 130 -- 3.9. Colombia: Value Share of Total Production by Type of Crop, 1950-55 and 1971-76 133 -- 3.10. Colombia: Land Area Cultivated, by Type of Crop, 1950-55 and 1971-76 134 -- 3.11. Colombia: Land Distribution by Number and Size of Farm and by Total Area, 1960 and 1970 135 -- 3.12. Peru: Distribution of Farms and Agricultural Land by Farm Size, 1960-70 139 -- 4.1. Price of Nitrogen Relative to That of Wheat and Corn at the Producer Level in Latin America and Elsewhere 165 -- 4.2. Wheat Yields and Relative Prices Received by Farmers, 1968-70 166 -- 4.3. Comparison of Annual Rates of Change in Selected Economic Indicators in the United States, 1950-68 and 1968-77 177 -- 6.1. Statistical Information on Land Reforms in Selected Latin American Countries, 1917-76 206 -- 7.1. Puebla: Profitability of Farm Activities by Farm Type, 1970 241 -- 7.2. Cajamarca, Puebla, and Garcia Rovira: Distribution of Farms by Farm Type, 1970-73 243 -- 7.3. Cajamarca, Puebla, and Garcia Rovira: Sources of Net Household Income by Farm Type 244 -- 7.4. Cajamarca: Sources of Net Household Income by Farm Type, 1973 245.
Summary The Agrarian Question and Reformism in Latin America epitomizes the emerging tradition of conflict-oriented approaches to problems of economic, agricultural, and rural development in Third World nations. Drawing on firsthand observations of the agrarian crises in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru, and ten other Latin American nations, Alain de Janvry effectively blends Marxist theories of worldwide economic development with empirical analysis and policy recommendations.
De Janvry offers both a careful examination of the conditions of underdevelopment in Latin America and detailed discussions of the achievements and limits of technological change, land reform, integrated rural development, and basic-needs programs. The Agrarian Question and Reformism in Latin America is written for both practitioners and academicians. Students of economic development will benefit especially from its intelligent explication of conflict-oriented theory and technique.
Subject Agriculture and state -- Latin America.
Land reform -- Latin America.
ISBN 0801825318
0801825326 (paperback)