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Cover Art
Author Kramer, Christian R., author.

Title Network theory and violent conflicts : studies in Afghanistan and Lebanon / Christian R. Kramer.

Published Cham : Palgrave Macmillan, [2017]


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource
Series Springer Political Science and International Studies eBooks 2017 English+International
Contents Chapter 1: Introduction; 1 Introduction; 2 Complexity and Complex Systems; 3 Networks; 3.1 Programming Networks; 4 Conflicts, Power and Complexity; 4.1 War; 4.2 Peace; 5 Discourse, Language and Communication; 6 Violence; Conclusion; Bibliography; Chapter 2: Networks, Complexity and International Relations; 1 Introduction; 2 Manuel Castells and Network Theory; 2.1 The Dynamics of Networks; 3 The Agency of Networks; 4 Non-Linearity; 4.1 Human Affairs and Chaos; 4.2 The Development of Chaos Theory; 4.3 Network-Centric Warfare; 4.4 Fighting Networks.
3 A History of Afghan Violence3.1 The Struggle for National Unity; 3.2 Domestic Attempts to Modernise the Country; 3.3 The Soviet Invasion; 3.4 The Civil War; 3.5 The Taliban; 3.6 Post 9/11; 4 Institutionalisation of Violence; 4.1 Violence as a Reaction to Modernisation; 5 The Emergence of Warlords; 6 The Myth of Hierarchy; 7 Conclusion; Bibliography; Chapter 7: Network-centric Peacebuilding; 1 Introduction; 2 War; 2.1 Peace; 2.2 Between War and Peace; 2.3 An End to War?; 2.4 Group Identity and Hostility; 2.5 Outsiders and Third Parties; 2.6 Programming Networks and Violence.
3.1 The Creation of Narratives in Neighbourhoods3.2 Community Elders; 3.3 Bridging/Linking individuals; 3.4 Castells and the Civil War; 4 A Historical Introduction to Networks in Lebanon; 4.1 Sectarianism; 4.2 Sectarianism and Identity; 4.3 Networks and Identity in Lebanese Politics; 5 Traditional Economic Structure; 5.1 Changing Economic Patterns; 6 Lebanon's Regional Setting; 7 The Civil War (1975-1990); 7.1 Ending the Civil War; 8 Violence and Its Effects; 9 Networks and War and Peace; Conclusion; Bibliography; Chapter 6: Afghanistan; 1 Introduction; 2 Castells and Afghanistan.
4.5 Insurgency and Counterinsurgency5 Technology; 5.1 Self-reflection, Knowledge and Big Data; 5.2 Inequality, Weak Hierarchies and Self-organisation; 6 Narrative and Identity; 7 Programming Networks; 7.1 Violence and Programming; 8 Conclusion; Bibliography; Chapter 3: Networks and Violence; 1 Introduction; 2 Castells' Network Theory and Violence; 2.1 Digital and Analogue Communication; 2.2 Castells and Violence; 3 Violence as Communication; 4 The Distinction Between Digital and Analogue; 4.1 Digital Networking; 4.2 The Digital Creation of Meaning; 5 Integrative Violence.
5.1 Sacrifice and War5.2 Instrumental and Existential Purposes of War; 5.3 War as a Metaphysical Concept; 5.4 Conclusion; Bibliography; Chapter 4: Disintegrative Violence; 1 Introduction; 2 Disintegrative Violence; 2.1 Physical Violence, Threat and Fear; 2.2 The Tendency of Violence to Become Perpetual; 3 Accepted and Rejected Cases of Violence; 4 Violence as Programme; 5 When Is Violence Accepted?; 6 Civil Wars; 7 Disintegrative Violence and Network Theory; Conclusion; Bibliography; Chapter 5: Lebanon; 1 Introduction; 2 The Civil War; 3 The Reasons to Fight.
Summary This book offers a novel approach to understanding violence and violent conflict using complexity and network theories, borrowed from the natural sciences, together with social network analysis. Because violence is both a universal and central component of human communication and identity formation, it has a fundamental function in shaping social behavior. Using Manuel Castells' work on the programming of social networks, this book explores the Lebanese Civil War and the ongoing war in Afghanistan under the perspective of violence within networks. The approach presents a unique and compelling argument that counters the long-held assumption that war is caused by specific events, or is the unavoidable culmination of existing conditions or grievances. Rather, this book argues that violence emerges when the structure of social networks becomes too rigid and hierarchic to adapt to stresses and challenges that materialize on a constant basis from both within and without the network. This is important not only for the study of war, but as a method of improving the success of contemporary peace building efforts.
Other author SpringerLink issuing body.
Subject Violence -- Afghanistan.
Violence -- Lebanon.
Social sciences -- Network analysis.
Afghan Wars -- Social aspects.
Lebanon -- History -- Civil War, 1975-1990 -- Social aspects.
Electronic books.
ISBN 9783319413938 (electronic bk.)
3319413937 (electronic bk.)