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Title White slaves, African masters : an anthology of American barbary captivity narratives / edited and with an introduction by Paul Baepler.

Published Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1999.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bail  305.567092261 WHIT    AVAILABLE
Physical description xiii, 310 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references.
Contents The Glory of Goodness / Cotton Mather -- A Journal, of the Captivity and Sufferings of John Foss / John D. Foss -- The Captives, Eleven Years in Algiers / James Leander Cathcart -- History of the Captivity and Sufferings of Mrs. Maria Martin / Maria Martin -- American Captives in Tripoli / Jonathan Cowdery -- Horrors of Slavery / William Ray -- The Narrative of Robert Adams / Robert Adams -- An Authentic Narrative / Eliza Bradley -- In Raissuli's Hands / Ion H. Perdicaris -- App. Publishing History of the American Barbary Captivity Narrative.
Summary Some of the most popular stories in nineteenth-century America were sensational tales of whites captured and enslaved in North Africa. White Slaves, African Masters for the first time gathers together a selection of these Barbary captivity narratives, which significantly influenced early American attitudes toward race, slavery, and nationalism.
Though Barbary privateers began to seize North American colonists as early as 1625, Barbary captivity narratives did not begin to flourish until after the American Revolution. During these years, stories of Barbary captivity forced the U.S. government to pay humiliating tributes to African rulers, stimulated the drive to create the U.S. Navy, and brought on America's first post-revolutionary war. These tales also were used both to justify and to vilify slavery.
The accounts collected here range from the 1798 tale of John Foss, who was ransomed by Thomas Jefferson's administration for tribute totaling a sixth of the annual federal budget, to the story of Ion Perdicaris, whose (probably staged) abduction in Tangier in 1904 prompted Theodore Roosevelt to send warships to Morocco and inspired the 1975 film The Wind and the Lion. Also included is the unusual story of Robert Adams, a light-skinned African American who was abducted by Arabs and used by them to hunt negro slaves; captured by black villagers who presumed he was white; then was sold back to a group of Arabs, from whom he was ransomed by a British diplomat.
Long out of print and never before anthologized, these fascinating tales open an entirely new chapter of early American literary history, and shed new light on the more familiar genres of Indian captivity narrative and Americanslave narrative.
Other author Baepler, Paul Michel.
Subject Slaves -- Africa, North -- Biography.
Americans -- Africa, North -- Biography.
Prisoners of war (Islamic law) -- Africa, North -- Biography.
Slavery -- Africa, North -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
Americans -- Africa, North -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
Pirates -- Africa, North -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
American prose literature -- 19th century.
ISBN 0226034038 (cloth : alk. paper)
0226034046 (paperback: alk. paper)