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Cover Art
Author Deichmann, Ute, 1951-

Title Biologists under Hitler / Ute Deichmann ; translated by Thomas Dunlap.

Published Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1996.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bail  574.094309043 DEIC    AVAILABLE
Uniform title Biologen unter Hitler. English
Physical description xviii, 468 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 423-455) and index.
Summary On the subject of science in Nazi Germany, we are apt to hear about the collaboration of some scientists, the forced emigration of talented Jewish scientists, the general science phobia of leaders of the Third Reich - but little detail about what actually transpired. Biologists under Hitler is the first book to examine the impact of Nazism on the lives and research of a generation of German biologists. Drawing on previously unutilized archival material, Ute Deichmann, herself a biologist, not only explores what happened to the biologists forced to emigrate but also investigates the careers, science, and crimes of those who stayed in Germany. Biologists under Hitler combines exhaustive research with capsule biographies of key scientists to overturn certain assumptions about science under the Nazi regime. Biological research, for instance, was neither neglected nor underfunded during World War II; funding by the German Research Association (DFG) in fact increased tenfold between 1933 and 1938 and genetic research in particular flourished, especially botanical and zoological studies of radiation and mutation. Deichmann shows that the forced emigration of Jews had a less significant impact in biology than in other fields. Furthermore, she reveals that the widely observed decline in German biology after 1945 was not caused primarily by the Third Reich's science policy nor by the expulsion of biologists but was due to the international isolation of German scientists as part of the legacy of National Socialism. Her book also provides overwhelming evidence of German scientists' conscious misrepresentation after the war of their wartime activities. In this regard, Deichmann's capsule biographyof Konrad Lorenz is particularly telling. Certain to be regarded as the most thorough and comprehensive account of biological science in Nazi Germany, Biologists under Hitler will interest historians of science, historians of the Nazi era, and biologists, as well as those who wish to learn about the relationship between scientific truth and political realities.
Subject Biology -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
Biology -- Austria -- History -- 20th century.
Biologists -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
Biologists -- Austria -- History -- 20th century.
National socialism and science.
National socialism and science -- Austria.
ISBN 0674074041 (alk. paper)