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Author Novossiolova, Tatyana, author.

Title Governance of biotechnology in post-Soviet Russia / Tatyana Novossiolova.

Published Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan, [2017]


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource.
Series Global issues
Global issues series (Palgrave Macmillan (Firm))
Springer Political Science and International Studies eBooks 2017 English+International
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Governance of Biotechnology in Post-Soviet Russia; Acknowledgements; Contents; List of Abbreviations; List of Figures; List of Tables; 1 Introduction; Biotechnology Governance in the Twenty-first Century; The Concept of Inertia: The Case of Russia; The Book in a Nutshell; Notes; Part I; 2 Governance of Science Before 1945; Science as an 'Aristocratic Endeavour'; Science as a Vocational Pursuit; Harnessing the Power of Science; Education and Training Opportunities; Science Patronage; State-Mandated Science Programmes; The Rise of the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex (MIAC)
Towards a Permanent MobilisationNotes; 3 Governance and Cultures of Life Science Research During the Cold War; The Life Sciences as a Professional Domain; Life Science Research prior to the Biotechnology Revolution; 'The Eighth Day of Creation': From a Double Helix to Gene Splicing; Life Science Research in the East and West; Cold War Inertia; Procedural Dimension; International Regulatory Framework; Laboratory Biosafety Guidelines; Trends in National Science Policymaking; Structural Dimension; State Control over Science; The Social Context of Life Science Research
Role of Life Science CommunitiesNormative Dimension; Secrecy; 'Scientifying' Risk and Regulation; Notes; 4 Twenty-first Century Governance Challenges in the Life Sciences; Biotechnology Advancement in the Twenty-First Century; Trends in Biotechnology Governance; High-Level Coordination, Facilitation and Funding; Synergies Within and Between Private and Public Sectors; Governments Tend to Favour Strategic, Political and Economic Interests at the Expense of Precaution; Biotechnology Regulations Seek to Promote Rather Than Restrict Technological Advancement; Reliance on Technical Fixes
Engines that Drive Biotechnology MomentumIntegration of Biology with Other Disciplines; Biology as a Predictive rather than Descriptive Science; Diffusion of Life Science Expertise: International Collaboration, De-Skilling and Amateur Biology; The Role of States: Both a Poacher and Gamekeeper; Speed Differential Between Scientific Advancement and the Pace of Deliberative Systems; Runaway Biotechnology?; Notes; Part II; 5 Organisation and Governance of Soviet Biotechnology; Science in the Soviet Union; Growth and Consolidation of Biotechnology Research in the Soviet Union
Features of Soviet Biotechnology GovernanceCentralised Hierarchical Bureaucracies; Top-Down Regulation; State/Party Control; Military-Oriented Research; Professional Life Science Culture; Notes; 6 Post-Cold War Institutional and Infrastructural Legacies; The Collapse of the USSR and Its Impact on the Life Sciences; Persistence of Soviet Inertia; Biotechnology as a Vital State Asset; State Control over Life Science Institutions; The Legacy of the Soviet Bioweapons Programme; Hurdles to International Scientific Collaboration
Summary The book provides an up-to-date analysis of the governance of biotechnology in post-Soviet Russia. The rapid advancement of the life sciences over the past few decades promises to bring tremendous benefits, but also raises significant social, ethical, legal, and security risks. Nations' adaptability to the twin challenges of attempting to secure the benefits while reducing the risks and threats is a large and still burgeoning governance challenge. Here, Novossiolova cuts across several sets of literature, bringing together elements of the anthropological study of culture; history of science and technology; management and international governance; and Soviet history and politics. Due to its multidisciplinary approach, in-depth analysis, accessible style, and extensive reference list, this text offers invaluable insights into the normative dimensions of the governance of biotechnology, unpacking both the formal and intangible attributes and artefacts of biotechnology policy and practice in Russia.-- Provided by publisher.
Other author SpringerLink issuing body.
Subject Biotechnology -- Social aspects -- Russia.
Biotechnology -- Moral and ethical aspects -- Russia.
Biotechnology -- Russia -- Management.
Electronic books.
Electronic books.
ISBN 9783319510040 (electronic bk.)
3319510045 (electronic bk.)
Standard Number 10.1007/978-3-319-51004-0