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Cover Art
Author Aiello, Marco, author.

Title The Web was done by amateurs : a reflection on one of the largest collective systems ever engineered / Marco Aiello.

Published Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2018]


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource
Series Springer Computer Science eBooks 2018 English+International
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Intro; Preface; Acknowledgements; Contents; 1 The Web Was Done by Amateurs; 1.1 Text Versus Objects; 1.2 The Birth of the Web; Part I The Origins; 2 The Pacific-Ocean Internet; 2.1 ARPANET; 2.2 Comments, Please!; 2.3 The Internet; 2.4 Why Is It a Natural Resource?; 3 Hypermedia Until the Web; 3.1 How We May Think; 3.2 The oN-Line System (NLS); 3.3 Xanadu; 3.4 HyperCard; 3.5 Enquire and the Birth of the Web; Part II The Web; 4 The Original Web Pattern; 4.1 Uniform Resource Locator; 4.2 HyperText Transfer Protocol; 4.3 HyperText Markup Language; 5 The Browser Lament.
5.1 The Browser Is an Application5.2 Early Browsers; WorldWideWeb Browser; Lynx; Mosaic; 5.3 Netscape; 5.4 Microsoft's Internet Explorer; 5.5 Google's Chrome; Part III The Patches; 6 Patching the Web; 6.1 Patch I: Cookies; 6.2 Patch II: Run Anywhere; 6.3 Patch III: Scripting; 7 Patch IV: Web Services; 7.1 Securing the Intranet; 7.2 Corba and IDLs; 7.3 The Magic Triangle; 7.4 Service-Oriented Computing; 7.5 A Personal Tale: Compose It Now!; 7.6 The Patch; 7.7 Who's Serving?; 7.8 XML Web Services Versus the REST; 7.9 Vaporizing Services; 8 The Unexploited Patch; 8.1 The Semantic Gap.
8.2 Subsumptions Subsumed by Subsumptions8.3 The Patch; Part IV System Engineering; 9 The Self-Organizing Web; 9.1 The Size and Shape of the Web; 9.2 Self-Organization and Complex Networks; 9.3 Searching the Web; 9.4 Self-Organization, Patching, and the Role of Amateurs; 10 The Pervasive Future; 10.1 Apps; 10.2 Web (on the Internet) of Things; 10.3 The Web and Artificial Intelligence; 11 Should a New Web Be Designed?; A Dr. Dobb's Interview with Alan Kay; A.1 A Note About Dr. Dobb's Journal; A.2 The Interview; Childhood as a Prodigy; The European Invasion in Computer Science.
Computing as Pop CultureThe Browser: A Lament; Objects; Programming; Group Work; References; Index.
Summary This book stems from the desire to systematize and put down on paper essential historical facts about the Web, a system that has undoubtedly changed our lives in just a few decades. But how did it manage to become such a central pillar of modern society, such an indispensable component of our economic and social interactions? How did it evolve from its roots to today? Which competitors, if any, did it have to beat out? Who are the heroes behind its success? These are the sort of questions that the book addresses. Divided into four parts, it follows and critically reflects on the Web's historical path. "Part I: The Origins" covers the prehistory of the Web. It examines the technology that predated the Web and fostered its birth. In turn, "Part II: The Web" describes the original Web proposal as defined in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee and the most relevant technologies associated with it. "Part III: The Patches" combines a historical reconstruction of the Web's evolution with a more critical analysis of its original definition and the necessary changes made to the initial design. In closing, "Part IV: System Engineering" approaches the Web as an engineered infrastructure and reflects on its technical and societal success. The book is unique in its approach, combining historical facts with the technological evolution of the Web. It was written with a technologically engaged and knowledge-thirsty readership in mind, ranging from curious daily Web users to undergraduate computer science and engineering students.
Other author SpringerLink issuing body.
Subject World Wide Web.
World Wide Web -- Social aspects.
Computer science -- History.
Electronic books.
ISBN 9783319900087 (electronic bk.)
3319900080 (electronic bk.)
Standard Number 10.1007/978-3-319-90008-7