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Cover Art
Author McKenzie, Andrea Katherine, 1967-

Title Tyburn's martyrs : execution in England, 1675-1775 / Andrea McKenzie.

Published London ; New York : Hambledon Continuum, 2007.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bail  364.660942 MCKE    AVAILABLE
Physical description xx, 316 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Notes Formerly CIP. Uk.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages [269]-301) and index.
Contents 1. From Newgate to Tyburn: Setting the Stage -- Execution, discretion and the 'Bloody Code' -- The Tyburn procession and execution ritual -- Tyburn Fair: mythology and historiography -- 2. From the Gallows to Grub Street: Last Dying Speeches and Criminal 'Lives' -- Origins of printed last dying speeches -- Literacy in early modern England -- The market for criminal 'lives' and confessions -- 3. Everyman and the gallows: contemporary explanations for criminality -- The slippery slope -- 'Guilt is the offspring of the heart': nurture versus nature -- Excuses: mental incapacity, necessity, gender, youth -- The decline of the criminal as 'everyman' -- 4. Highwaymen Lives: Social Critique and the Criminal -- The criminal as a vehicle for social satire -- Criminal celebrities -- The decline of the highwayman tradition -- 5. The Ordinary's Account: Confession and the Criminal -- The Ordinary: question-monger or plain dealer? -- The uses of a 'free, full and ingenuous confession' -- The decline of the Account -- 6. Dying Well: Martyrs and Penitents -- Dying in charity with all the world -- Religion in Newgate -- Methodism and the decline of the Account -- 7. Dying Game: Bridegrooms and Highwaymen -- Dying like a man -- False courage and Christian courage: changing sensibilities -- Weddings and hangings -- 8. God's Tribunal: Providential Discoveries and Ordeals -- Man's justice and God's justice -- Calling God to witness: sacred oaths and signs -- The meaning of suffering -- 9. Conclusion: The Adjournment of God's Tribunal? -- App. A. The Ordinary's Account -- App. B. Ordinaries of Newgate, 1676-1799.
Summary "The public execution at Tyburn is one of the most evocative and familiar of all eighteenth-century images. Whether it elicits horror or prurient fascination - or both - the Tyburn hanging day has become synonymous with the brutality of a bygone age and a legal system which valued property over human life. But, as this fascinating cultural and social history of the gallows reveals, the early modern execution was far more than just a debased spectator sport. The period between the Restoration and the American Revolution witnessed the rise and fall of a vast body of execution literature - last dying speeches and confessions, criminal trials and biographies - featuring the criminal as an Everyman (or Everywoman) holding up a mirror to the sins of his readers. The popularity of such publications reflected the widespread, and persistent, belief in the gallows as a literal preview of 'God's Tribunal': a sacred space in which solemn oaths, supernatural signs and, above all, courage, could trump the rulings of the secular courts. Here the condemned traitor, "game" highwayman, or model penitent could proclaim not only his or her innocence of a specific crime, but raise larger questions of relative societal guilt and social justice by invoking the disparity between man's justice and God's."--BOOK JACKET.
Subject Capital punishment -- England -- History -- 18th century.
Capital punishment -- England -- History -- 17th century.
Executions and executioners -- England -- History -- 18th century.
Executions and executioners -- England -- History -- 17th century.
Gallows -- England -- London -- History.
Criminal procedure -- England -- London -- 18th century.
Criminal procedure -- England -- London -- 17th century.
Executions and executioners -- England -- London -- History -- 18th century.
Executions and executioners -- England -- London -- History -- 17th century.
Capital punishment -- England -- London -- History -- 18th century.
Capital punishment -- England -- London -- History -- 17th century.
Tyburn (London, England)
Tyburn (London, England) -- History -- 17th century.
Tyburn (London, England) -- History -- 18th century.
ISBN 9781847251718 (hbk.)
1847251714 (hbk.)