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Author Pretus, Gabriel.

Title Humanitarian relief in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) / Gabriel Pretus ; with a foreword by Helen Graham.

Published Lewiston : Edwin mellen, 2013.
Lewiston, [N.Y.] Edwin Mellen, [2013]


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bail  946.0817 PRET    AVAILABLE
Physical description 11, 424 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 367-402) and index of names.
Contents Machine generated contents note: ch. 1 Introduction -- 1.1.Humanitarian intervention in conflict -- 1.2.The development of independent humanitarian relief agencies -- ch. 2 Origins of the independent, non-partisan humanitarian agencies -- 2.1.The Quakers: beliefs, behaviour and action -- 2.1.1.Introduction -- 2.1.2.The Quakers, 1774-1871: From the American Revolution to the Franco-Prussian War -- 2.1.3.The Franco-Prussian War 1870-1 -- 2.1.4.On the road to world conflict -- 2.1.5.The Quakers and the First World War -- 2.1.6.The Quakers in the inter-war period -- 2.1.7.An assessment: Quaker relief operations until 1936 -- 2.2.The Red Cross -- 2.2.1.Henri Dunant and the Battle of Solferino -- 2.2.2.The Geneva Conference, 1863 -- 2.2.3.The Franco-Prussian War 1870-1 -- 2.2.4.The Red Cross facing a major test: 1914-1918 -- 2.2.5.The aftermath of the First World War -- 2.2.6.The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on the eve of the Spanish Civil War --
Contents note continued: 2.3.Service Civil International (SCI) -- 2.4.Save the Children -- 2.4.1.The Save the Children Fund and its founder, Eglantyne Jebb -- 2.4.2.The founding of the Save the Children Fund -- 2.4.3.Save the Children, the Vatican connection and the Union -- 2.4.4.The refugees -- 2.4.5.International law for children -- 2.4.6.The home front -- 2.4.7.The Save the Children Fund and the struggle for child welfare -- ch. 3 Independent relief and a military coup that evolved into civil war: the arrival of the agencies (July 1936-Autumn 1937) -- 3.1.The scene -- 3.2.Spanish relief and the agencies: settings and operations -- 3.3.The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC): navigating uncharted waters -- 3.4.The British Quakers (FSC): independent relief with conflicting souls -- 3.5.Service Civil International (SCI) and Save the Children International Union (SCIU): the Swiss connection -- 3.6.Service Civil International (SCI): forgetting pick and shovel --
Contents note continued: 3.7.Save the Children International Union (SCIU): The Union and the appeal from the Spanish (Republican) Schools -- 3.8.Quakers working in opposing camps -- 3.8.1.The American Friends become involved in the Spanish conflict -- 3.8.2.Sylvester Jones's journey through Loyalist and Insurgent Spain -- 3.9.A first assessment -- ch. 4 The work of the agencies (1) (1936-1937) -- 4.1.The British Quakers -- 4.1.1.Initial plans for relief work in Republican Spain -- 4.1.2.Official relief in Catalonia: the nightmare of the conflicting powers -- 4.1.3.The Friends begin relief work in Barcelona -- 4.1.4.Alfred Jacob's personal activities -- 4.1.5.The break with the Save the Children International Union -- 4.1.6.Difficult times in Catalonia -- 4.1.7.Relief work in Barcelona and new alliances -- 4.2.The activities of the International Committee of the Red Cross -- 4.2.1.The treatment of prisoners -- 4.2.2.Relief aid -- 4.2.3.The "asilados" (asylum seekers) --
Contents note continued: 4.2.4.Relief in captivity -- 4.2.5.Exchanges -- 4.2.6.Information and communications -- 4.3.Service Civil International: action in Spain -- ch. 5 The work of the agencies (2) -- 5.1.The Save the Children International Union -- 5.1.1.The Save the Children International Union organises its work in Spain -- 5.1.2.The neutral zone proposed by the Save the Children International Union -- 5.1.3.The rest of Mme Small's visit -- 5.1.4.Problems in coordinating relief work -- 5.1.5.The Republican North: politics and humanitarian relief -- 5.1.6.Nationalist Spain -- 5.2.Efforts at coordination -- ch. 6 The work of the agencies (3): The American Quakers -- 6.1.The American Quakers go to Spain -- 6.2.American Friends in Republican Spain -- 6.3.American Friends in Nationalist Spain -- 6.3.1.The Nationalist humanitarian service: Auxilio Social (Social Relief) -- 6.3.2.Relief work in Nationalist Spain. The hidden truth of the American Quakers and the Nationalists --
Contents note continued: 6.3.3.Wilfred Jones's journey -- 6.3.4.The "Quaker ships": A relief operation mystery210 -- 6.4.The new team: Earl M. Smith and Dan West -- 6.4.1.Arrival in Nationalist Spain -- 6.4.2.Relief activities: Miss Muller and the early collaboration with the Save the Children International Union -- ch. 7 War in the North: July 1936 - October 1937: Politics and Humanitarian Relief: The Evacuation of Basque Children to England in May 1937 -- 7.1.Introduction -- 7.2.The war in the north -- 7.3.The Aguirre Appeal and the evacuation -- 7.4.Alternatives to evacuation: the "Safe Zone" proposals from Franco and the International Committee of the Red Cross -- 7.5.Evacuation, Basque nationalism and Britain -- 7.6.Evacuation and the left-right division -- 7.7.The role of Britain -- 7.8.Conclusions -- ch. 8 Full scale war (1). The work of the agencies and the International Commission for the Assistance of Child Refugees in Spain: relief in years of misery --
Contents note continued: 8.1.The International Commission: refilling empty bags -- 8.2.Work by the British Quakers and the IC -- 8.2.1.South-Eastern Spain -- 8.2.2.Catalonia -- 8.3.The Save the Children International Union (SCIU) -- 8.3.1.A renewed relief effort -- 8.3.2.Work in Nationalist Spain: coordinated relief by the AFSC, SCIU and the IC -- 8.3.3.Shrinking Republican Spain. Linking with SCI -- 8.4.Service Civil International (SCI): The effectiveness of the Swiss Connection -- 8.5.The International Commission (IC) -- 8.5.1.The IC under Captain Malcolm de Lilliehook -- 8.5.2.Howard E. Kershner and American aid -- 8.5.3.New flags: arduous times -- 8.5.4.The work of Howard E. Kershner: the International Commission and the Quakers -- -- -- 8.6.Howard E. Kershner and Peace Testimony -- ch. 9 Full scale war (2): The work of the agencies -- 9.1.The Red Cross and the vanishing Spanish Republic -- 9.1.1.Prisoner exchanges --
Contents note continued: 9.1.2.The fall of Catalonia -- 9.1.3.Saving the Nationalist prisoners -- 9.1.4.Art and the Red Cross -- 9.1.5.The forgotten asylum seekers -- 9.1.6.The victors and the defeated -- 9.1.7.The ICRC's last days in Spain -- 9.2.The departure of SCI -- 9.3.The Save the Children International Union: coping with the new Spain -- 9.4.The International Commission and the Quakers: closing down activities in Spain -- 9.5.The International Committee of the Red Cross: the other side of the border -- ch. 10 Conclusions -- 10.1.Independence and non-partisanship -- 10.2.The failure of the League of Nations and the role of the International Commission -- 10.3.Humanitarian aid and religious belief -- 10.4.Rodolfo Olgiati and the Swiss connection -- 10.5.Lessons of Spain for subsequent humanitarian relief work -- Sources -- Archives -- Press -- Books and journal articles -- Unpublished work -- Appendices -- doc. A Territorial partition of Spain, end of July 1936 --
Contents note continued: doc. B ICRC Delegates during the Spanish Civil War -- doc. C Memorandum concerning British policy towards the Basque Country -- doc. D Basque government appeal to the ICRC -- doc. E Board of directors, International commission for the assistance of child refugees in Spain -- doc. F Map: evolution of the campaign in Catalonia -- doc. G Kershner's letter to Franco, November 1939 -- doc. H Kershner's memorandum to Franco, November 1939.
Subject International Committee of the Red Cross -- Spain -- History -- 20th century.
Save the Children International Union -- Spain -- History -- 20th century.
Quakers -- Spain -- History -- 20th century.
Humanitarian assistance -- Spain -- Case studies.
Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Civilian relief.
Spain -- Social conditions -- 1886-1939.
ISBN 0773445293 (hbk.)
9780773445291 (hbk.)