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Cover Art
Author Ishida, Ken, author.

Title Japan, Italy and the road to the Tripartite Alliance / Ken Ishida.

Published Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource.
Series Security, conflict and cooperation in the contemporary world
Security, conflict and cooperation in the contemporary world.
Springer History eBooks 2018 English+International
Contents Intro; Preface and Acknowledgements; Contents; Abbreviations; List of Figures; Chapter 1 Introduction; 1.1 The Foreign Policy Decision-Making Structures of Japan and Italy; 1.2 The Prehistory of the Axis Formation; 1.3 A Brief Overview of Chapters; Chapter 2 The Ideological Backgrounds of Axis Foreign Policies; 2.1 Fascism as a Point of Reference; 2.2 Racism as a Hierarchical Prejudice; 2.3 Anti-communism as a Common Adhesive; 2.3.1 Criticizing the League of Nations; 2.3.2 Justifying Military Intervention; 2.3.3 Aligning Against Communism.
Chapter 3 Coordinators: The Two Prime and Foreign Ministers, Koki Hirota and Benito Mussolini3.1 Features of Public Utterances; 3.2 The Basic Attitude Toward Naval Disarmament and the League of Nations; 3.2.1 The Japanese Complacent Repudiation of Naval Treaties; 3.2.2 Italian Ambiguous Diplomacy Toward the League; 3.3 The Coordination Mechanism in Decision-Making Processes; 3.3.1 Hirota's Passive Attitude of Unlimited Magnanimity; 3.3.2 Mussolini's Active Judgment of Phased Strategy; Chapter 4 Planners: The Two Undersecretaries, Mamoru Shigemitsu and Fulvio Suvich.
4.1 Financial Problems as a Tool of Foreign Policy4.2 The Search for Regional Hegemony; 4.2.1 Shigemitsu's Plan to Tame Chinese Nationalism; 4.2.2 Suvich's Plan for Pro-fascist Austria; 4.3 Axis Interference and British Non-commitment Policy; 4.3.1 Partial Success in 1934 and the Exit of Shigemitsu; 4.3.2 Suvich's Stalemate Over the Crises of Austria and Ethiopia; Chapter 5 Negotiators: The Two Ambassadors to Britain, Shigeru Yoshida and Dino Grandi; 5.1 The Degradation of Being Ambassadors in London; 5.1.1 Emerging Political Diplomats; 5.1.2 The Double-Dealing of the Anglophiles.
5.2 Disobedient Imperialists5.2.1 Anti-communist Stances; 5.2.2 Extraordinary Negotiations; 5.3 Two Pendulum Theories; Chapter 6 Traditional Diplomats and New Actors; 6.1 Followers and Promoters: Yakichiro Suma and Raffaele Guariglia; 6.2 Powerless Critics: Naotake Sato and Giuseppe Bastianini; 6.3 New Key Actors: Fumimaro Konoe and Galeazzo Ciano; Chapter 7 The East Asian Crisis and Globalization of the Axis; 7.1 The Brussels Nine Power Treaty Conference; 7.2 Conclusion of the Tripartite Anti-Comintern Pact; 7.2.1 Italy's Ideological Inclination; 7.2.2 Japan's Ambiguous Realism.
7.2.3 Germany's Internal Turmoil7.3 The Italian Recognition of Manchukuo; 7.4 The German Mediation of the Sino-Japanese War; 7.5 The Italian Withdrawal from the League of Nations; Chapter 8 Conclusion; Select Bibliography; Index.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Summary This book employs a comparative approach to explore the decision-making processes behind the Japanese and Italian foreign policies concerned with East Asia, Africa, Europe and the Mediterranean. It explores these policies in relation to the Axis powers and Britain in the 1930s. Both Japan and Italy shared significant similarities in their decision-making processes, which help to illustrate the workings of ultra-nationalist and fascist foreign policy. The work examines the mechanism of decision-making in the foreign ministries, rather than the personalities of leaders, in order to understand why and how both countries finally chose unexpected partners. The Tripartite Alliance has often been perceived through the diplomatic motives and arbitrary manners of dictatorial leadership in Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and ultra-nationalist Japan individually. This book compares the foreign policies of Italy and Japan and looks outwards to their diplomatic relations with Britain, a key imperial factor in their expansions into East Asia and Africa, contrasting these Axis powers with Germany, usually thought to typify fascist diplomacy.-- Provided by publisher.
Other author SpringerLink issuing body.
Subject Japan -- Foreign relations -- Italy -- History.
Italy -- Foreign relations -- Japan -- History.
Electronic books.
ISBN 9783319962238 (electronic bk.)
331996223X (electronic bk.)
9783319962221 (print)