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Title Escaping the poverty trap : investing in children in Latin America / edited by Ricardo Morán ; special contributions by Amartya K. Sen and Gro Harlem Brundtland.

Published Washington, DC : Published by the Inter-American Development Bank : Distributed by The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bail  362.7 ESCA    AVAILABLE
Physical description xiv, 122 pages ; 23 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages [115]-122).
Contents Introduction: Early childhood investment and the intergenerational transmission of poverty / Ricardo Morán -- Part One: Intergenerational transmission of poverty: summary -- Family background and intergenerational poverty in Latin America / Ricardo Morán, Tarsicio Castañeda, and Enrique Aldaz-Carroll -- Part Two: Investing in early childhood: summary -- The role of early childhood investment in development / Amartya K. Sen -- Bringing in new actors / Gro Harlem Brundtland -- The impact of early childhood intervention on economic growth and equity / Miguel Urrutia -- How to invest in early childhood care and development / Robert G. Myers -- Investing in children : the role of the State in unequal societies / Nancy Birdsall.
Summary Poor parents transmit poverty and disadvantage to their children during their earliest years of life, perpetuating an underclass and impairing the basis for a fair and stable society. This intergenerational transmission of poverty (ITP) is particularly powerful in today's Latin America, where economies are in crisis and unequal distribution of income is emblematic. Escaping the Poverty Trap proposes early childhood investment policies that could decisively change the prospects for the next generation of the region's poor. Contributors include Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen and Gro Harlem Brundtland, former director-general of the World Health Organization. In examining the effects of family background on ITP in 16 Latin American countries, the study emphasizes that conception through preschool is when vulnerability to lifetime damage is greatest, but also when there is the most potential for cost-effective interventions to break out of that destructive cycle. Insufficient education is cited as the principal vector of poverty throughout the life cycle and across generations. The authors find that quality childcare and complementary services not only provide a healthy environment for children, but also open up opportunities for their parents to earn a better living. The book outlines principles to guide the design of early childhood care and development programs, including the need to empower parents, address children's unmet development needs, adjust to local socioeconomic contexts, intervene preventively, make programs financially sustainable, and focus resources on households most likely to see improvement.
Other author Moran, Ricardo.
Sen, Amartya, 1933-
Brundtland, Gro Harlem.
Inter-American Development Bank.
Subject Poor children -- Latin America.
Poverty -- Latin America.
Variant Title Investing in children in Latin America.
ISBN 1931003564