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Author Tate, Catherine Ann, author.

Title Design-by-Dialogue : the architectural programming of the Royal Melbourne Hospital 1935-1945 / Catherine Ann Tate.

Published [Parkville, Victoria] : University of Melbourne, 2016.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bund SpC/T  TATE  2016    NOT FOR LOAN
Physical description xxiv, 342 pages, bound : illustrations, plans ; 30 cm
Notes Typescript.
Thesis notes Thesis (Ph.D.)-- University of Melbourne, Faculty of architecture, Building and Planning, 2016.
Bibliography Bibliography (pages: 317-342)
Summary This dissertation argues that the dialogue between expert clients and expert architects is critical to the creation of a general hospital - arguably the most programmatically complex of all building types. Using the third realisation of the Royal Melbourne Hospital (RMH), the initial structure on the Parkville site, 1935-45, as an historical example, this dissertation provides significant insights into rarely recorded programming interaction between the clients, the RMH, and the architects, Stephenson Meldrum/Turner (SM/T). The RMH was (and still is) a premier health, teaching and research facility within Australia. In 1935, the RMH's goal for the new hospital was to create a modern teaching hospital on a par with the world's best. This clearly was achieved as, in 1945, the hospital buildings had gained significance within the Australian hospital architectural milieu for being the first general public hospital to be completed in the vertical typology and implementing the modernist principles of functionality and the minimalist aesthetic. It was also particularly significant within the hospital oeuvre of SM/T as it was their first general hospital and one which became the exemplar for their later hospital work. These facts are well recognised by architectural historians but this is the first time the programming methodology implemented to achieve this important building complex has been explored. Architectural Programming officially emerged as a professional discipline in the 1960s. In doing so, it replaced the traditional briefing process and, ostensibly for the first time, recognised and advocated the role of the client in the Programming process. However, documentary evidence clearly reveals that SM/T not only practiced programming, they were using the relevant terminology in the 1930s for the new RMH - 30 years prior to its formalisation. The expertise of both the client and the architects has been established in order to examine their roles within programming process for the new RMH. In 1935, the RMH was a composite of three major institutions: a general public hospital; the University of Melbourne Faculty of Medicine and Surgery Clinical School; and the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Research, Pathology and Medicine. The fact that the RMH was a public hospital meant it was under the jurisdiction of the Victorian State Government and its appointed body, the Charities Board of Victoria. Hence the client comprised of five entities. The RMH Committee of Management was the principal authority and therefore all the decisions were ultimately their responsibility. They appointed three committees for the new building: the Organisers - to organise the requirement lists from Heads of Departments and the Medical Staff; the Special Advisory and New Building Committee (NBC) to act as their 'working client'; and the Board of Reference to act as the quick decision making committee. The standing Honorary Medical Officers Committee (HMOs) was also to play a major role in the programming process. Most of the committee members were medical professionals whose expertise lay in the knowledge of their individual discipline, the requirements for their departments and in the general operation of the hospital. By 1935, SM/T had ten years experience as specialist hospital architects. They operated their practice on a business-like footing with three principals, Arthur Stephenson, Percy Meldrum and Donald Turner and a staff of thirty-seven including seven qualified senior associates. However, the RMH presented a challenge to SM/T as they had not previously undertaken a project of this magnitude or complexity. The architects implemented the methodology of Design-by-Dialogue where programming and design were interlinked. It was the client's responsibility to furnish the architects with a detailed list of their requirements. By developing schematic sketches which were presented at meetings with the client committees, the architects were able to closely interact with them throughout the protracted and difficult process of six iterative schemes, A, B, C, D, G and J for the six buildings: the Main Block, Outpatients Department, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, Nurses Home, Resident Medical Officers Quarters and the Service Block. This dissertation is an empirical study of the RMH's development 1935-45. It was possible as all the meetings between the client committees and the architects had been diligently minuted and preserved - along with correspondence, reports and architectural drawings - in archival repositories. Consequently, this work has provided new knowledge into rarely recorded programming interaction between clients and the architects. This dissertation is grounded in history and contributes significantly in the disciplines of architectural history and the history of architectural programming. -- Abstract.
Subject Royal Melbourne Hospital -- History.
Stephenson & Turner (Firm)
Hospital architecture -- Australia -- 20th century.
Hospital architecture -- Australia -- Melbourne (Vic.) -- 20th century.
Architectural practice -- Australia -- 20th century.
Architectural practice -- Australia -- Victoria -- Melbourn -- 20th century.
Hospital buildings -- Australia -- Design and construction -- Evaluation.
Hospital buildings -- Australia -- Melbourne (Vic.) -- Design and construction -- Evaluation.
Hospitalfaciities -- Design and construction -- Australia -- Evaluation.
Hospital facilities -- Design and construction -- Australia -- Melbourne (Vic.) -- Evaluation.
Architects -- Australia -- 20th century.
Architectural firms -- Australia -- 20th century.
Architectural design -- Australia -- 20th century.
Architectura; collaboration.
Architecture, Australian -- 20th century.
Architecture, Modern -- Australia -- 20th century.
architectural history; architectural programming; Royal Melbourne Hospital; Stephenson & Turner architects.