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Book Cover
Author Himmerich y Valencia, Robert, 1932-

Title The encomenderos of New Spain, 1521-1555 / Robert Himmerich y Valencia ; foreword by Joseph P. Sánchez.

Published Austin : University of Texas Press, 1991.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bail  972.02 HIMM    AVAILABLE
Edition 1st ed.
Physical description xvi, 348 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Notes Originally presented as the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, Los Angeles, 1984.
"Publication of this work was assisted in part by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Culture as part of their Program for Cultural Cooperation Between Spain's Ministry of Culture and United States Universities"--T.p. verso.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages [318]-322) and index.
Summary While the Spanish conquistadors have been stereotyped as rapacious treasure seekers, many firstcomers to the New World realized that its greatest wealth lay in the native populations whose labor could be harnessed to build a new Spain. Hence, the early arrivals in Mexico sought encomiendas - " a grant of the Indians of a prescribed indigenous polity, who were to provide the grantee (the encomendero) tribute in the form of commodities and service in return for protection and religious instruction." This study profiles the 506 known encomenderos in New Spain (present-day Mexico) during the years 1521-1555, using their life histories to chart the rise, florescence, and decline of the encomienda system.
The first part of the study draws general conclusions about the actual workings of the encomienda system. The author develops previously unrecognized patterns of succession, inheritance by others than sons, shared encomiendas, and the holding of multiple encomiendas in different jurisdictions. He shows that those who settled New Spain came to stay and, realizing the transitory nature of their grants, moved to consolidate their estates through informal arrangements with peers and native leaders. The second part of the study provides concise biographies of the 506 encomenderos. Certain to become a standard reference, The "Encomenderos" of New Spain consolidates and illuminates crucial information about the first generation of European settlement in the New World.
Subject Encomenderos -- Mexico -- History -- 16th century.
Encomiendas (Latin America) -- History -- 16th century.
Encomenderos -- Mexico -- Biography.
Mexico -- History -- Conquest, 1519-1540 -- Biography.
Mexico -- History -- Spanish colony, 1540-1810 -- Biography.
ISBN 0292720688 (alk. paper)