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Cover Art
Author Young, Carl F., author.

Title Eastern learning and the heavenly way : the Tonghak and Ch'ŏndogyo movements and the twilight of Korean independence / Carl F. Young.

Published Honolulu : Center for Korean Studies, University of Hawaiʻi, 2014.


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource.
Series Hawaiʻi studies on Korea
Hawaiʻi studies on Korea.
Books at JSTOR Evidence Based Acquisitions
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Early Tonghak and the 1894 rebellion -- A time of trouble, 1895-1900 -- Exile: Son Pyŏng-hŭi in Japan, 1901-1904 -- Tonghak and the Ilchinhoe, 1904-1906 -- Administrative centralization and leadership struggles in Ch'ŏndogyo, 1906-1908 -- Doctrine, ritual, and social action in Ch'ŏndogyo, 1906-1908 -- Ch'ŏndogyo's activities before the annexation, 1908-1910.
Summary Tonghak, or Eastern Learning, was the first major new religion in modern Korean history. Founded in 1860, it combined aspects of a variety of Korean religious traditions. Because of its appeal to the poor and marginalized, it became best known for its prominent role in the largest peasant rebellion in Korean history in 1894, which set the stage for a wider regional conflict, the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895. Although the rebellion failed, it caused immense changes in Korean society and played a part in the war that ended in Japan's victory and its eventual rise as an imperial power. It was in this context of social change and an increasingly perilous international situation that Tonghak rebuilt itself, emerging as Ch'ŏndogyo (Teaching of the Heavenly Way) in 1906. During the years before Japan's annexation of Korea in 1910, Ch'ŏndogyo continued to evolve by engaging with new currents in social and political thought, strengthening its institutions, and using new communication technologies to spread its religious and political message. In spite of Korea's loss of independence, Ch'ŏndogyo would endure and play a major role in Korean nationalist movements in the Japanese colonial period, most notably the March First independence demonstrations in 1919. It was only able to thrive thanks to the processes that had taken place in the twilight years of Korean independence. This book focuses on the internal developments in the Tonghak and Ch'ŏndogyo movements between 1895 and 1910. Drawing on a variety of sources in several languages such as religious histories, doctrinal works, newspapers, government reports, and foreign diplomatic reports, it explains how Tonghak survived the turmoil following the failed 1894 rebellion to set the foundations for Ch'ŏndogyo's important role in the Japanese colonial period. The story of Tonghak and Ch'ŏndogyo not only is an example of how new religions interact with their surrounding societies and how they consolidate and institutionalize themselves as they become more established; it also reveals the processes by which Koreans coped and engaged with the challenges of social, political, and economic change and the looming darkness that would result in the extinguishing of national independence at the hands of Japan's expanding empire.
Language notes English.
Other author JSTOR issuing body.
Subject Ch'ŏndogyo -- History.
Nationalism -- Korea.
Nationalism -- Religious aspects -- Ch'ŏndogyo.
Religion and politics -- Korea.
Korea -- History -- 1864-1910.
Electronic books.
ISBN 9780824840167 (electronic bk.)
082484016X (electronic bk.)
0824838882 (cloth ; alk. paper)
9780824838881 (cloth ; alk. paper)
9780824838881 (cloth ; alk. paper)
Standard Number 40023997330