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Cover Art
Author Szelényi, Szonja, 1960-

Title Equality by design : the grand experiment in destratification in Socialist Hungary / Szonja Szelényi in collaboration with Karen Aschaffenburg, Mariko Lin Chang, and Winifred Poster.

Published Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 1998.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Store  305.509439 SZEL GA01    AVAILABLE
Physical description xvii, 250 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages [213]-241) and index.
Contents 1. Designing Equality in a Socialist Setting -- 2. Schooling for Socialism / Szonja Szelenyi and Karen E. Aschaffenburg -- 3. The Class Structure of Classless Hungary -- 4. Family Origins, Collective Property, and the State: Trends in Intergenerational Class Mobility -- 5. Quotas and Careers: Trends in Intragenerational Class Mobility / Szonja Szelenyi and Winifred R. Poster -- 6. Where Have All the Cadres Gone? The Fate of the Old Elite in Post-Communist Hungary / Szonja Szelenyi and Mariko Lin Chang -- 7. Farewell to a Socialist Experiment -- App. A. University Application Forms -- App. B. The 1983 Hungarian Social Mobility and Life History Survey -- App. C. Mapping of the 1983 Hungarian Standard Occupational Classification System into Class Categories -- App. D. Class Mobility Tables.
Summary Social mobility is a classic topic in sociology, and Hungary presents an interesting case study for a number of reasons. The communist regime that took power after World War II had the proclaimed goal of eliminating the abusive inequalities of the old regime and creating an egalitarian society; it accordingly introduced numerous measures intended to favor the advancement of people with working class backgrounds. That to some extent these policies worked cannot be disputed, but over time did they simply replace one privileged class with another? What happened during the communist reform era of the late 1970's and 1980's, when Hungary went much further along the path of decentralizing the economy than any other Eastern bloc country? What happened in the post-communist era? And what difference did such age-old liabilities as being Jewish or female make? There is as much scholarly debate over how to address these questions in an intellectually rigorous way as there is over the answers to them. This study aims to contribute to the debate by analyzing random samples of both elites and the general population and by carrying out comparisons across presocialist, socialist, and postsocialist society. Its main methodological goal is to explore the implications of carefully distinguishing between the effects of socialist reform on the distribution of inequality and its effects on the underlying rules by which inequality is allocated.
Other author Aschaffenburg, Karen.
Chang, Mariko Lin.
Poster, Winifred.
Subject Social classes -- Hungary -- History -- 20th century.
Elite (Social sciences) -- Hungary -- History -- 20th century.
Socialism and society -- Hungary -- History -- 20th century.
Hungary -- Social conditions -- 1945-1989.
ISBN 0804731071 (alk. paper)