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Title World War II, occupation, and the Civil War in Greece, 1940-1949 [electronic resource] : records of the U.S. State Department Classified Files.

Published Farmington Hills, Mich. : Gale, a part of Cengage Learning, 2010.


Location Call No. Status
Physical description 1 online resource (85,413 images)
Series Archives unbound
Archives unbound. [electronic resource].
Notes Date range of documents: 1940-1949.
Reproduction of the originals from the U.S. National Archives.
Summary The Axis occupation of Greece during World War II began in April 1941 after the German and Italian invasion of Greece was carried out together with Bulgarian forces. The occupation lasted until the German withdrawal from the mainland in October 1944. The occupation brought about terrible hardships for the Greek civilian population. Over 300,000 civilians died in Athens alone from starvation, tens of thousands more through reprisals; minorities, particularly Jews, were deported to concentration camps; and, in the Bulgarian and German occupied areas, ethnic cleansing attempted to eradicate generations of Greek residents. The country's economy was ruined and the food situation desperate. When liberation came in October 1944, Greece was in a state of crisis, which soon led to the outbreak of civil war. The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the pro-Western Greek governmental army and the Communist Democratic Army of Greece. It was the result of a highly polarized struggle between leftists and rightists which started in 1943 and targeted the power vacuum that the German-Italian occupation during World War II had created.
Reproduction Electronic reproduction. Farmington Hills, Mich. : Gale, a part of Cengage Learning, 2010. Available via the World Wide Web. Access limited by licensing agreements.
Local Note Images from the source libraries are selected contents of the original collection materials as representative of their value and pertinence to the digital product.
Other author United States. National Archives and Records Administration.
Subject World War, 1939-1945 -- Economic aspects -- Greece.
Greece -- History -- Civil War, 1944-1949.
Greece -- Economic conditions -- 1918-