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Cover Art
Author Cleland, Charles E., 1936-

Title The place of the Pike (Gnoozhekaaning) : a history of the Bay Mills Indian Community / Charles E. Cleland.

Published Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, [2000]


Location Call No. Status
 UniM Store  977.004973 CLEL MF13    AVAILABLE
Physical description xv, 146 pages ; 28 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Chapter 1. People of the Falls 1 -- In the Beginning -- Battle of Iroquois Point -- Clans and Bands -- Chapter 2. Arrival of Europeans 9 -- Coming of the French -- Goods for Furs -- Chapter 3. Americans and Treaties 17 -- Treaty of Sault Ste. Marie--1820 -- Treaty of Washington--1836 -- Treaty of Detroit--July 30, 1855 -- Treaty of Detroit--August 2, 1855 -- After the Treaties -- Chapter 4. Founding of Bay Mills 31 -- Early Years -- Allotment -- Schools -- Mill on the Back Bay -- Chapter 5. Entering the Twentieth Century 49 -- Uncle Sam's Orphans -- Camp Meetings and Watch Meetings -- Bay Mills School -- Natural Resource Use -- Depression Era and Camp Marquette -- Indian Reorganization Act -- Chapter 6. Struggle for Sovereignty 75 -- Early Tribe -- Problems of Termination and Membership -- Country and the City -- Right to Fish -- A Day to Remember -- Chapter 7. A Tribe for Tomorrow 91 -- Rebirth of Self-Reliance -- Rise of the Catholic Church -- Vital Statistics and More -- Indian Money -- Business and Pleasure -- Taking the Past to the Future -- Bay Mills Indian Community Executive Councils 109.
Summary Throughout much of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the Ojibway people of Michigan's Bay Mills Indian reservation endured hopeless poverty, cultural repression, and deep racial prejudice. Despite such odds, they have survived as a people and a community through reliance on the bond of kin, the ability to reap and share the abundance of nature, and a strong belief in their identity as a native people. Drawn from oral accounts of tribal elders, "The Place of the Pike tells the history of the Bay Mills community from the perspective of the people themselves, whose own view of the past is not cast in terms of federal Indian policy, academic theories, national economic trends, or the personages of American political life. Instead, the Indians of Bay Mills see their history in the life struggles of their own tribal heroes. In order to recapture the past, oral storytellers frequently employ visual imagery. These stories, combined with dozens of photographs from the tribe's photographic archives, make the text of "The Place of the Pike come alive. This unique history will inform and fascinate a broad readership in Native American and Great Lakes history, community studies, and anthropology. Charles E. Cleland is Professor of Anthropology, Michigan State University.
Subject Bay Mills Indian Community (Mich. : Association) -- History.
Ojibwa Indians -- History.
Ojibwa Indians -- Social conditions.
Ojibwa Indians -- Government relations.
Saint Marys River Valley (Mich. and Ont.) -- History.
Saint Marys River Valley (Mich. and Ont.) -- Social life and customs.
ISBN 0472097407 (cloth : acid-free paper)
0472067400 (paperback: acid-free paper)