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Author Clancey, William J.

Title Situated cognition : on human knowledge and computer representations / William J. Clancey.

Published Cambridge, U.K. ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 1997.


Location Call No. Status
Physical description xviii, 406 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Series Learning in doing
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (p. 379-389) and indexes.
Contents Introduction: What is situated cognition? -- Pt. I. Representations and memory. 1. Aaron's drawing. 2. Mycin's map. 3. Remembering controversies. 4. Sensorimotor maps versus encodings -- Pt. II. Situated robots. 5. Navigating without reading maps. 6. Perceiving without describing. 7. Remembering without matching. 8. Engineering transactional systems -- Pt. III. Ecological theories. 9. Transactional experience. 10. Dialectic mechanism. 11. The ecological approach to perception -- Pt. IV. Symbols reconsidered. 12. Coupling versus inference. 13. The varieties of symbol systems. 14. Reformulated dilemmas -- Conclusions: Lessons for cognitive science.
Summary This book is about recent changes in the design of intelligent machines. New computer models of vision and navigation in animals suggest a different way to build machines. Cognition is viewed not just in terms of high-level "expertise," but in terms of the ability to find one's way around the world, to learn new ways of seeing things, and to coordinate activity. This approach is called situated cognition. Situated Cognition differs from other purely philosophical treatises in that Clancey, who has built expert systems for twenty years, explores the limitations of existing computer programs and compares them to human memory and learning capabilities. He examines the implications of situated action from the perspective of artificial intelligence specialists interested in building robots and cognitive scientists seeking to relate descriptive models to neural and social views of knowledge.
Subject Artificial intelligence.
Knowledge, Theory of.
ISBN 0521448719 (pbk.)
0521444004 (hard)