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Author Duncan, A. M. (Alistair Matheson)

Title Laws and order in eighteenth-century chemistry / Alistair Duncan.

Published Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1996.


Location Call No. Status
 UniM ERC  540.9033 DUNC    AVAILABLE
Physical description viii, 253 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (p. 229-244) and index.
Contents 1. The background of eighteenth-century chemistry -- 2. Chemical affinity and attraction in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries -- 3. Physical theories and their reception by chemists -- 4. Tables of affinity and chemical attraction -- 5. Classification, quantification, and explanation.
Summary The eighteenth century was the formative period in which chemistry established itself as an autonomous discipline with its own concepts and modes of explanation, independent of mathematical physics. Yet much previous writing in this area has concentrated on theories derived from more traditionally respectable branches of knowledge such as physics. This book traces the transition from the chemists' point of view, through the evolution of notions of chemical affinity and attraction, the physicists' attempts to explain chemical combination, and chemists' development of their own models. It describes the growth of affinity tables, which chemists hoped would lead to the induction of predictive laws, and which represented their unofficial list of elements which eventually through the work of Lavoisier replaced the traditional Aristotelian list.
The book also discusses chemists' efforts to account for double decomposition, to measure affinity or attraction quantitatively, to classify types of affinity, and to state laws of chemistry.
Subject Chemistry -- Europe -- History -- 18th century.
Chemical reaction, Conditions and laws of.
Chemistry History
ISBN 0198558066