Prologue: Thinking about Islam and the West -- 1. Fact or fiction? How the writing of history became a discource of conquest -- 2. Postcolonial battles over Ibn Khaldūn : intellectual history and the politics of exclusion -- 4. How did Islam make it into Hegel's philosophy of world history? -- 4. The emergence of Islam as a historical category in British colonial thought -- 5. Disciplining Islam : colonial Egypt, a case study -- Epilogue: Historicizing the global, politicizing Islam, giving violence a new name.