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Cover Art
PRINTED BOOKS
Author Franks, Felix.

Title Water : a matrix of life / Felix Franks.

Published Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, [2000]
©2000

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM Store  553.7 FRA MF25    AVAILABLE
Edition 2nd ed.
Physical description xii, 225 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
Series RSC paperbacks.
RSC paperbacks.
Notes Previous ed.: 1983.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Chapter 1 Origin and Distribution of Water in the Ecosphere: Water and Prehistoric Life 1 -- Eccentric Liquid 1 -- Hydrologic Cycle 1 -- Available Water and Global Warming 2 -- Water and the Development of Life 4 -- Aerobic and Anaerobic Life Forms 6 -- Impact of the Physical Properties of Water on Terrestrial Ecology 7 -- Chapter 2 Structure of the Water Molecule and the Nature of the Hydrogen Bond in Water 9 -- Isolated Water Molecule 9 -- Water Dimer 11 -- Chapter 3 Physical Properties of Liquid Water 15 -- Place of Water in a General Classification of Liquids 15 -- Isotopic Composition 19 -- Thermodynamic Properties 20 -- Dynamics of Liquid Water 24 -- Bulk Transport Properties 29 -- Chapter 4 Crystalline Water 32 -- Occurrence in the Ecosphere and Beyond 32 -- Structure and Polymorphism 34 -- Ice Dynamics 38 -- Clathrate Hydrates 39 -- Chapter 5 Structure of Liquid Water 41 -- Diffraction Methods 41 -- Theoretical Approaches 42 -- Concept of Water-structure Making and Breaking--Computer Simulation 47 -- General Significance of u(r) and g(r) 49 -- Present 'Best Guess' 51 -- Chapter 6 Aqueous Solutions of 'Simple' Molecules 53 -- Molecular Interactions in Solution 53 -- Classification of Solution Behavior--Thermodynamic Excess Functions 56 -- Hydrophobic Hydration--Structure and Thermodynamics 60 -- Hydrophobic Interactions 62 -- Dynamic Manifestations of Hydrophobic Effects 66 -- Chapter 7 Aqueous Solutions of Electrolytes 69 -- Classical Electrostatics 69 -- Short-range Effects--Ion Hydration 70 -- Structural Approaches 74 -- Assignment of Ionic Radii 76 -- Concept of Structure Making/Breaking 77 -- Water Dynamics 80 -- Ion-specific Effects--Lyotropism 81 -- Ionic Solutions at Extreme Temperatures and Pressures 82 -- Hydrated Proton 82 -- Chapter 8 Aqueous Solutions of Polar Molecules 86 -- Classification 86 -- Solution Behaviour and Water Structure 86 -- Polyhydroxy Compounds--a Special Case 88 -- PHC Hydration: Theory and Measurement 89 -- Influence of Water on Solute--Solute Interactions 96 -- Hydration and Computer Simulation 99 -- Solvation and PHC Conformation 101 -- Hydrophobic/Hydrophilic Competition 105 -- Chapter 9 Chemical Reactions in Aqueous Solutions 108 -- Water as Solvent 108 -- Water Participation in Chemical Reactions 109 -- Self-ionisation of Water 109 -- Ionisation Reactions 112 -- Reactions in Mixed Aqueous Solvents 115 -- Chapter 10 Hydration and the Molecules of Life 118 -- Water Structure as a Determinant of Biological Function 118 -- Comparison of the Molecules of Life 119 -- Protein Stability In Vitro 121 -- Heat and Cold Inactivation 125 -- Hydration of 'Dry' Proteins 127 -- Nucleotide Hydration 130 -- Lipid Thermotropism and Lyotropism 135 -- Oligo- and Polysacharide Hydration 138 -- Chapter 11 Water in the Chemistry and Physics of Life 142 -- Physiological Water Cycle 142 -- Water Biochemistry 143 -- Physics of the Natural Aqueous Environment 147 -- Chapter 12 'Unstable' Water 152 -- Liquid Water outside its 'Normal' Temperature Range 152 -- Undercooled Liquid Water 152 -- Homogeneous Nucleation of Ice in Undercooled Water 154 -- Nucleation of Ice by Particulate Matter 159 -- Water Near its Undercooling Limit 160 -- Glassy Water 161 -- Superheated Water 162 -- Chapter 13 Supersaturated and Solid Aqueous Solutions 163 -- Equilibrium and Metastable Aqueous Systems 163 -- Freeze Concentration 164 -- Properties of Supersaturated Aqueous Solutions 167 -- Amorphous States and Freezing Behaviour 170 -- Dynamics in Supersaturated and Vitrified Solutions 172 -- Theory of Structural Relaxation by Cooperative Motions 173 -- Kinetics in Amorphous Solids 174 -- Significance of Glassy States in Drying Process Technology 176 -- Natural Freezing and Drought Resistance 179 -- Chapter 14 Water Availability, Usage and Quality 187 -- Water as an Essential Resource 187 -- Water Availability 187 -- Supplementation of Water Resources by Climatic Modification--a Case Study 193 -- Natural Water Quality 196 -- Water Purity and Purification 202 -- Pure Water in Medicine and Industry 204 -- Chapter 15 Economics and Politics 207 -- Economics of Water Consumption 207 -- Human Attitudes and Politics 209 -- Commerical Exploitation of Water Shortages 211 -- Future Outlook 211.
Summary Water: A Matrix of Life is an updated Second Edition that addresses the latest issues on this vital substance. This book discusses current scientific knowledge of water, its remarkable properties, its influence on dissolved substances and its usually neglected but controlling role in the life sciences and ecology. With emphasis on developments over the last two decades, attention is drawn to important issues such as water quality, usage, economics and politics.
Other author Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
Subject Water.
Solution (Chemistry)
ISBN 085404583X (paperback) £18.95
085404583X (paperback)