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Cover Art
PRINTED BOOKS
Author Qian, Xuede.

Title Geotechnical aspects of landfill construction and design / Xuede Qian, Robert M. Koerner, Donald H. Gray.

Published Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall, [2001]
©2002

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM ERC  628.44564 QIAN    AVAILABLE
Physical description xviii, 717 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents 1.1 Need for Landfills 2 -- 1.2 Principal Landfill Requirements 4 -- 1.3 Landfill Components and Configuration 5 -- 1.4 Landfill Envelope 6 -- 1.5 Composite Liners 9 -- 1.6 Benefits of Double Composite Liners 13 -- 1.7 Liner Leakage Mechanisms 14 -- 2 Landfill Siting and Site Investigation 28 -- 2.1 Siting Considerations 29 -- 2.2 Location Restrictions 31 -- 2.3 Siting Process 34 -- 2.4 Site Investigation 36 -- 2.5 Borrow Source Investigation 39 -- 2.6 Field Hydraulic Conductivity Tests 42 -- 2.7 Material Laboratory Tests 46 -- 3 Compacted Clay Liners 52 -- 3.1 Overview Compacted Clay Liners 52 -- 3.2 Compaction and Permeability Considerations 55 -- 3.3 Design of Compacted Clay Liners 61 -- 3.4 Influence of Clods on Hydraulic Conductivity 69 -- 3.5 Effect of Gravel Content on Hydraulic Conductivity 73 -- 3.6 Effect of Freezing and Thawing on Hydraulic Conductivity 75 -- 3.7 Summary Comments Regarding Compacted Clay Liners 80 -- 4 Geomembranes 86 -- 4.1 Composition and Thickness of Geomembranes 87 -- 4.2 Current Uses of Geomembranes in Landfills 88 -- 4.3 Tensile Behavior of Geomembranes 92 -- 4.4 Friction Behavior of Geomembranes 96 -- 4.5 Tension Stresses due to Unbalanced Friction Forces 98 -- 4.6 Tension Stresses due to Localized Subsidence 101 -- 4.7 Runout and Anchor Trenches 104 -- 4.8 Assessment of Leakage through Liners 119 -- 4.9 Concluding Comments Regarding Geomembranes 127 -- 5 Geosynthetic Clay Liners 131 -- 5.1 Types and Current Uses of Geosynthetic Clay Liners 132 -- 5.2 Hydraulic Conductivity 134 -- 5.3 Ability to Withstand Differential Settlement 141 -- 5.4 Shear Strength 143 -- 5.5 Differences between Geosynthetic Clay Liners and Compacted Clay Liners 152 -- 5.6 Contaminant Transport through Geosynthetic Clay Liner and Compacted Clay Liner 154 -- 5.7 Comparison of Mass Transport through a GCL and CCL 161 -- 5.8 Recommendations for Use of Geosynthetic Clay Liners 172 -- 5.9 Summarizing Comments Regarding Geosynthetic Clay Liners 173 -- 6 Engineering Properties of Municipal Solid Waste 180 -- 6.1 Constituents of Municipal Solid Waste 181 -- 6.2 Unit Weight of Municipal Solid Waste 182 -- 6.3 Moisture Content of Municipal Solid Waste 185 -- 6.4 Porosity of Municipal Solid Waste 188 -- 6.5 Hydraulic Conductivity of Municipal Solid Waste 189 -- 6.6 Field Capacity and Wilting Point of Municipal Solid Waste 190 -- 6.7 Shear Strength of Municipal Solid Waste 193 -- 6.8 Compressibility of Municipal Solid Waste 199 -- 7 Leachate Generation and Evaluation in Msw Landfills 211 -- 7.1 MSW Leachate Characterization 212 -- 7.2 Factors Affecting Leachate Quantity 213 -- 7.3 Estimation of Leachate Production Rate in an Active Condition 218 -- 7.4 Estimation of Leachate Production Rate in a Postclosure Condition 223 -- 7.5 Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) Model 230 -- 8 Liquid Drainage Layer 247 -- 8.1 Profile of Leachate Drainage Layer 247 -- 8.2 Soil Drainage and Filtration Layer 251 -- 8.3 Geotextile Design for Filtration 254 -- 8.4 Geonet Design for Leachate Drainage 263 -- 8.5 Estimate of Maximum Liquid Head in a Drainage Layer 274 -- 9 Leachate Collection and Removal Systems 294 -- 9.1 Subbase Grading 294 -- 9.2 Leachate Collection Trenches 295 -- 9.3 Selection of Leachate Collection Pipe 297 -- 9.4 Deformation and Stability of Leachate Collection Pipe 304 -- 9.5 Sump and Riser Pipes 314 -- 9.6 Leachate Removal Pumps 320 -- 10 Gas Collection and Control Systems 332 -- 10.1 Gas Generation 333 -- 10.2 Gas Composition 334 -- 10.3 Factors Affecting Gas Generation 336 -- 10.4 Gas Generation Rate 338 -- 10.5 Gas Migration 339 -- 10.6 Types and Components of Gas Collection Systems 341 -- 10.7 Gas Control and Treatment 249 -- 10.8 Design of Gas Collection System 352 -- 11 Final Cover System 399 -- 11.1 Components of Final Cover System 400 -- 11.2 Alternative Landfill Cover 412 -- 11.3 Field Study of Landfill Covers 417 -- 11.4 Soil Erosion Control 417 -- 11.5 Effects of Settlement and Subsidence 431 -- 11.6 Differential Subsidence Case History 434 -- 12 Landfill Settlement 440 -- 12.1 Mechanism of Solid Waste Settlement 440 -- 12.2 Effect of Daily Cover 442 -- 12.3 Landfill Settlement Rate 444 -- 12.4 Estimation of Landfill Settlement 449 -- 12.5 Effect of Waste Settlement on Landfill Capacity 454 -- 12.6 Other Methods for Estimating Landfill Settlement 458 -- 12.7 Estimation of Landfill Foundation Settlement 469 -- 13 Landfill Stability Analysis 477 -- 13.1 Types of Landfill Failures 478 -- 13.2 Factors Influencing Landfill Stability 480 -- 13.3 Selection of Appropriate Properties 481 -- 13.4 Veneer Slope Stability Analysis 487 -- 13.5 Subsoil Foundation Failures 513 -- 13.6 Waste Mass Failures 520 -- 14 Vertical Landfill Expansions 544 -- 14.1 Considerations Involved in Vertical Expansions 545 -- 14.2 Liner Systems for Vertical Expansion 546 -- 14.3 Settlement of Existing Landfill 548 -- 14.4 Estimation of Differential Settlement due to Waste Heterogeneity 551 -- 14.5 Vertical Expansion over Unlined Landfills 557 -- 14.6 Design Considerations for Landfill Structures 557 -- 14.7 Geosynthetic Reinforcement Design for Vertical Expansions 558 -- 14.8 Stability Analysis for Vertical Expansion 572 -- 15 Bioreactor Landfills 576 -- 15.2 Liquids Management Strategies 578 -- 15.3 Concepts of Waste Degradation 581 -- 15.4 Leachate Recycling Methods 584 -- 15.5 Bioreactor Landfill Issues and Concerns 587 -- 15.6 Performance-to-Date 596 -- 16 Construction of Compacted Clay Liners 603 -- 16.1 Subgrade Preparation 605 -- 16.2 Soil Materials for Compacted Soil Lines 606 -- 16.3 Compaction Objectives and Choices 607 -- 16.4 Initial Saturation Specifications 613 -- 16.5 Clay Liner Compaction Considerations 614 -- 16.6 Compaction Specifications 616 -- 16.7 Leachate Collection Trench Construction 618 -- 16.8 Protection of Compacted Soil 620 -- 16.9 Field Measurement of Water Content and Dry Unit Weight 622 -- 16.10 Construction Quality Assurance and Quality Control Issues 624 -- 17 Installation of Geosynthetic Materials 634 -- 17.1 Material Delivery and Conformance Tests 635 -- 17.2 Installation of Geomembranes 637 -- 17.3 Installation of Geonets 660 -- 17.4 Installation of Geotextiles 662 -- 17.5 Installation of Geocompostes 667 -- 17.6 Installation of Geosynthetic Clay Liners 669 -- 18 Postclosure Uses of Msw Landfills 675 -- 18.1 Athletic and Recreational Facilities 675 -- 18.2 Industrial Development 680 -- 18.3 Aesthetics 684 -- Appendix I Help Model Input and Output--Active Condition 689 -- Appendix II Help Model Input and Output--Postclosure Condition 698.
Other author Koerner, Robert M., 1933-
Gray, Donald H.
Subject Sanitary landfills -- Design and construction.
Sanitary landfills -- Linings.
Landfill final covers.
Geosynthetics.
Soil mechanics.
Soil permeability.
ISBN 0130125067