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PRINTED BOOKS
Author Lyne, A. G.

Title Pulsar astronomy / Andrew G. Lyne, Francis Graham-Smith.

Published Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006.

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Location Call No. Status
 UniM ERC  523.8874 LYNE    AVAILABLE
Edition 3rd ed.
Physical description xix, 309 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Series Cambridge astrophysics series ; 38.
Cambridge astrophysics series ; 38.
Notes Previous ed.: 1998.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents 1 Discovery of pulsars 1 -- 1.1 Radio discovery 2 -- 1.2 Interplanetary scintillation 3 -- 1.3 Nature letter of February 1968 4 -- 1.4 Identification with neutron stars 5 -- 1.5 Oscillations and orbits 6 -- 1.6 Rotation and slowdown 7 -- 1.7 Optical pulses from the Crab pulsar 9 -- 1.8 X-ray pulses from the Crab pulsar 9 -- 1.9 Rotation periods 11 -- 1.10 Population of pulsars 12 -- 1.11 Physics of the neutron star 13 -- 2 Neutron stars 15 -- 2.1 White dwarf stars 16 -- 2.2 Neutron stars 16 -- 2.3 Neutron star diameters 18 -- 2.4 Crust and the neutron fluid 20 -- 2.5 Magnetic fields of neutron stars 21 -- 3 Searches and surveys 24 -- 3.1 Problem of sensitivity 24 -- 3.2 Frequency dispersion in pulse arrival time 25 -- 3.3 Dedispersion 26 -- 3.4 Search techniques 27 -- 3.5 Searching for periodic pulses 28 -- 3.6 Surveys for normal pulsars 30 -- 3.7 Selection effects - the limits of the surveys 32 -- 3.8 Searches for millisecond pulsars 33 -- 3.9 Detection of binary pulsar systems 35 -- 3.10 Acceleration searches 36 -- 3.11 Searches of supernova remnants and globular clusters 37 -- 3.12 Current and future surveys 38 -- 4 Distances of the pulsars 39 -- 4.1 DM distance scale 39 -- 4.2 Pulsar distances from parallax 39 -- 4.3 Pulsar distances from neutral hydrogen absorption 42 -- 4.4 Pulsar distances from optical identifications 46 -- 4.5 Radio scattering measurements 47 -- 4.6 H II regions 48 -- 4.7 Model electron distribution 49 -- 5 Pulsar timing 50 -- 5.1 Pulsar positions and the Earth's orbit 50 -- 5.2 Roemer correction to the barycentre 53 -- 5.3 General relativistic corrections 53 -- 5.4 Fundamental positional reference frames 55 -- 5.5 Periods and period changes 55 -- 5.6 Proper motion 56 -- 5.7 Shklovsky effect 56 -- 5.8 Gravitational acceleration 57 -- 5.9 Precession 58 -- 5.10 Pulsar ages and the braking index 59 -- 5.11 Pulsars as standard clocks 61 -- 6 Timing and astrometry of binary pulsars 64 -- 6.1 Parameters of a binary orbit 64 -- 6.2 Relativistic effects in binary orbits 66 -- 6.3 Relativistic evolution of a binary orbit 67 -- 6.4 Masses of binary pulsars 70 -- 6.5 Gravitational waves 71 -- 6.6 Detection of planetary pulsar systems 72 -- 7 Timing irregularities 74 -- 7.1 Glitches in the Crab and Vela pulsars 74 -- 7.2 Exponential recoveries 77 -- 7.3 Timing discontinuities in other pulsars 79 -- 7.4 Adjustments in ellipticity: starquakes 82 -- 7.5 Two-component models: crust and superfluid 83 -- 7.6 Vorticity in the neutron fluid 83 -- 7.7 Alternative glitch theories 85 -- 7.8 Timing noise 85 -- 7.9 Vortex lattice oscillation 89 -- 8 Galactic population of pulsars 90 -- 8.1 Surveys 90 -- 8.2 Observed distribution of normal pulsars 91 -- 8.3 Derived luminosity and spatial distributions 93 -- 8.4 Pulsar velocities and ages 95 -- 8.5 Galactic centre region 97 -- 8.6 Model populations 97 -- 8.7 Pulsar birthrate 98 -- 8.8 Population of millisecond pulsars 100 -- 9 Crab and Vela pulsars 101 -- 9.1 Young pulsars 101 -- 9.2 Energy output 101 -- 9.3 Crab pulsar, PSR B0531+21 102 -- 9.4 Vela pulsar, PSR B0833-45 110 -- 10 Other young pulsars 115 -- 10.1 Characteristic ages 115 -- 10.2 Age from proper motion 115 -- 10.3 PSR J0205+6449 in 3C 58 116 -- 10.4 PSR B0540-69 116 -- 10.5 PSR B1509-58 117 -- 10.6 PSR J1846-0258 in Kes 75 117 -- 10.7 Other young pulsars 118 -- 10.8 Pulsar wind nebulae 120 -- 10.9 Luminosity and efficiency 122 -- 11 Solitary and binary millisecond pulsars 124 -- 11.1 A distinct population 124 -- 11.2 Discoveries 125 -- 11.3 Masses of the binary pulsars and their companions 126 -- 11.4 Characteristics of the binary orbits 130 -- 11.5 Globular-cluster pulsars 130 -- 11.6 Magnetic fields of the millisecond pulsars 134 -- 11.7 Eclipsing millisecond binaries 135 -- 11.8 Pulsars with main sequence companions 136 -- 11.9 Velocities of millisecond pulsars 137 -- 12 X-ray pulsars and magnetars 139 -- 12.1 X-ray sources: rotation-powered, AXP and thermal 139 -- 12.2 Millisecond X-ray and radio pulsars 141 -- 12.3 Binary X-ray light curves 141 -- 12.4 Orbits and companion masses 142 -- 12.5 High-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) 143 -- 12.6 Low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs) 145 -- 12.7 Peculiar systems, black holes and transients 146 -- 12.8 Anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs) 146 -- 12.9 Spin-up, accretion and inertia 147 -- 12.10 Magnetic field strength 148 -- 12.11 X-ray bursters 149 -- 12.12 Rapid Burster 150 -- 12.13 Quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) and kilohertz oscillations 151 -- 13 Gamma ray pulsars 153 -- 13.1 Gamma ray telescopes 153 -- 13.2 Gamma ray spectra 154 -- 13.3 Emitted power 155 -- 13.4 Pulse profiles 157 -- 13.5 Geminga: J0633+1746 158 -- 13.6 Unidentified gamma ray sources 158 -- 13.7 Gamma ray bursters 159 -- 14 Supernovae and their remnants 160 -- 14.1 Nature of supernovae 160 -- 14.2 Stellar evolution and stellar collapse 161 -- 14.3 Accretion-induced supernova collapse 163 -- 14.4 Luminosity decay 163 -- 14.5 Supernovae in binary systems 164 -- 14.6 Frequency of occurrence of supernovae 165 -- 14.7 Associations between pulsars and supernovae 166 -- 14.8 Supernova remnants 167 -- 14.9 Crab Nebula 169 -- 14.10 Continuum radiation from the Crab Nebula 170 -- 14.11 Energy supply 171 -- 15 Evolution of pulsars 174 -- 15.1 Various populations of pulsars 174 -- 15.2 Characteristics at birth 175 -- 15.3 Evolution of rotation rate: the death line 176 -- 15.4 Magnetic field evolution 176 -- 15.5 X-ray binaries and MSPs 179 -- 16 Integrated radio pulse profiles 180 -- 16.1 Integrated pulse widths 180 -- 16.2 Beam geometry 182 -- 16.3 Observed profile widths 184 -- 16.4 Radio-frequency dependence 185 -- 16.5 Beam components, core and cone 186 -- 16.6 Overall beam shape 189 -- 16.7 Millisecond pulsars 189 -- 16.8 Polarisation geometry 189 -- 16.9 Integrated polarisation profiles 193 -- 16.10 Orthogonal polarisation modes 196 -- 16.11 Position-angle swing rates 196 -- 16.12 Millisecond pulsars 198 -- 17 Individual pulses 199 -- 17.1 Single-pulse intensities and pulse nulling 199 -- 17.2 Mode changing 201 -- 17.3 Sub-pulses 201 -- 17.4 Drifting and modulation 204 -- 17.5 Drift rates 206 -- 17.6 Drifting after nulling 208 -- 17.7 Polarisation of sub-pulses 209 -- 17.8 Microstructure 209 -- 18 Location of emitting regions 213 -- 18.1 Polar cap emission 213 -- 18.2 Core and conal components 217 -- 18.3 Millisecond pulsars (MSPs) 218 -- 18.4 Aberration, retardation and magnetic field sweep-back 219 -- 18.5 Outer magnetosphere gap 220 -- 19 Radiation processes 224 -- 19.1 Cyclotron radiation 224 -- 19.2 Synchrotron radiation 226 -- 19.3 Curvature radiation 228 -- 19.4 Effect of a particle-energy spectrum 229 -- 19.5 Self-absorption 229 -- 19.6 Inverse Compton radiation 230 -- 19.7 Maser amplification 230 -- 19.8 Coherence in the radio emission 230 -- 19.9 Relativistic beaming 231 -- 20 Emission mechanisms 233 -- 20.1 Two locations 233 -- 20.2 Outer gap: curvature radiation 235 -- 20.3 Radio spectra 236 -- 20.4 Power and energy density in the radio emitter 237 -- 20.5 Polar cap radio emission 237 -- 20.6 Radio propagation in the magnetosphere 238 -- 20.7 Polarisation 239 -- 20.8 Radio emission mechanism 240 -- 21 Interstellar scintillation and scattering 242 -- 21.1 A thin-screen model 242 -- 21.2 Diffraction theory of scintillation 244 -- 21.3 Thick (extended) scattering screen 245 -- 21.4 Fresnel distance 246 -- 21.5 Strong and weak scintillation 246 -- 21.6 Distribution in size of the irregularities 246 -- 21.7 Dynamic scintillation spectra 248 -- 21.8 Velocity of the scintillation pattern 252 -- 21.9 Pulse broadening 254 -- 21.10 Multiple scattering 255 -- 21.11 Observations of pulse broadening 256 -- 21.12 Apparent source diameters 259 -- 21.13 Long-term intensity variations 260 -- 22 Interstellar magnetic field 263 -- 22.1 Optical and radio observations 263 -- 22.2 Faraday rotation in pulsars 264
-- 22.3 Configuration of the local field 265 -- 22.4 Effect of H II regions 268 -- 23 Achievements and prospects 269 -- 23.1 Observations and the archive 269 -- 23.2 Population: birth, death and rejuvenation 270 -- 23.3 Physics of pulsars 271 -- Appendix Pulsar catalogue 272.
Other author Graham-Smith, Francis, 1923-
Subject Pulsars.
Standard Number 9780521839549
ISBN 0521839548 (cased)