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PRINTED BOOKS

Title The concise encyclopedia of ethics in politics and media / edited by Ruth Chadwick.

Published San Diego, CA : Academic Press, [2001]
©2001

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM Bail  172 CONC    AVAILABLE
Physical description xix, 335 pages ; 29 cm
Notes Includes bibliographies and index.
Contents I. Rise of Applied Ethics 2 -- II. General Ethical Theory and Principalism 3 -- III. Contextualism and Related Developments 4 -- IV. Questions of Conventionalism, Moral Expertise, and Moral Psychology 5 -- Broadcast Journalism / Margaret Coffey -- I. History 8 -- II. Recent Technological Developments 10 -- III. Convergence and Concentration 11 -- IV. Broadcast Journalist 11 -- Campaign Journalism / Philip Seib -- I. Why Ethics Matters in Political Journalism 16 -- II. Responsibilities of Political Journalists 16 -- III. Challenges of Campaign Coverage 18 -- IV. Responsibilities to the Political Process 23 -- Censorship / Bernard Williams -- II. Limits 28 -- III. Pornography 28 -- IV. Public Good Defenses 29 -- Civil Disobedience / Hugo Adam Bedeau -- I. Varieties of Civil Disobedience 31 -- II. Justifying Civil Disobedience 34 -- III. Political Effectiveness of Civil Disobedience 36 -- Civilian Populations in War, Targeting of / Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez -- I. Practice of Targeting Civilian Populations in War 40 -- II. Protection of Civilian Populations in War 43 -- Collective Guilt / Gregory Mellema -- I. Collective Guilt and Moral Responsibility 56 -- II. Collective Guilt and Moral Taint 57 -- III. Collective Guilt in Existentialist Thought 58 -- IV. Collective Guilt and Contemporary Society 60 -- Computer and Information Ethics / Simon Rogerson -- I. Uniqueness of Computers 64 -- II. Privacy and Monitoring 64 -- III. Information Provision 65 -- IV. Software as Intellectual Property 66 -- V. Organization Structure and the Location of Work 67 -- VI. Computer Misuse 68 -- VII. Developing Information Systems 68 -- VIII. Computer Professionalism 69 -- Confidentiality of Sources / Michel Petheram -- I. Value of Confidentiality 71 -- II. Philosophical Arguments 72 -- III. Legal Arguments 73 -- IV. Problems with Sources 74 -- Courtroom Proceedings, Reporting of / Rupert Read, Max Travers -- II. Relationship Between Courts and Press in America and Britain 78 -- III. Reporting Courtroom Proceedings: an Ethical Perspective 80 -- IV. Ethical Argument and Journalistic Practice 81 -- Discrimination, Concept of / David Wasserman -- II. Intentional Discrimination as an Individual Moral Offense 85 -- III. Discriminatory Institutions and Stigmatized Groups: Racial Discrimination as a Paradigm 87 -- IV. Individual Responsibility and Discriminatory Institutions 89 -- V. Discrimination and Difference 90 -- Distributive Justice, Theories of / Sirkku Hellsten -- I. Paradoxical Nature of the Conception of Justice 94 -- II. Politicoeconomic Aspects of Modern Theories of Distributive Justice 95 -- III. Categorizing Theories of Justice by the Standards of Distribution 101 -- Election Strategies / Marianne M. Jennings -- II. Fund-Raising and Contributions 108 -- III. Polling 110 -- IV. Opposition Research 111 -- V. Advertisements 112 -- VI. Platforms and Promises 113 -- Electronic Surveillance / Gary T. Marx, Gregory Ungar -- I. New Surveillance 115 -- II. Ethics 116 -- III. Uses of Surveillance Data 121 -- Ethics and Media Quality / Andrew Belsey, Ruth Chadwick -- I. Quality and the Media 125 -- II. Legal Route to Media Quality 127 -- III. Ethical Route to Media Quality 127 -- IV. Ethical Route Via a Code of Practice? 128 -- V. An Example: the Press Complaints Commission's Code of Practice 129 -- VI. Ethics and Media Quality 131 -- Freedom of the Press in the USA / Stephen Klaidman -- I. Dealing with Conflicts Between Press Freedom and Other Values 134 -- II. Responsibility of the Press 137 -- III. Reasonable Reader 137 -- Gun Control / Preston K. Covey -- I. Varieties of Gun Control 144 -- II. Evaluating Gun Control Policy 150 -- III. Trying the Facts 152 -- IV. Weighing the Values 164 -- V. Paradigms of Restrictive and Permissive Policy 167 -- Indigenous Rights / Jorge M. Valadez -- I. Historical Background 178 -- II. Nature of Indigenous Rights 179 -- III. Philosophical Justification of Indigenous Rights 181 -- IV. Criteria for the Groups Entitled to Indigenous Rights 183 -- V. Conclusion: Prospects for Indigenous Rights 183 -- Internet Protocol / Duncan Langford -- I. Networks and the Internet 186 -- II. Problems in Electronic Communication 188 -- Media Depiction of Ethnic Minorities / Charles Critcher -- I. Contemporary Context 194 -- II. Key Questions 195 -- III. Evidence About Media Representations 196 -- IV. Key Answers 202 -- V. Explaining Media Representations 203 -- VI. Prospects for Reform 206 -- VII. Conclusion: the Ethics of Ethnicity 207 -- Media Ownership / Edward Johnson -- I. Bagdikian's Reckoning 209 -- II. Media Ownership and Media Control 210 -- III. Media Control and Media Content 211 -- IV. Media Content and Media Effects 213 -- V. Agamemnon's Scepter 215 -- National Security Issues / John D. Becker -- I. National Security Structures 218 -- II. National Security Strategies 219 -- III. National Security Approaches 219 -- V. Applied Ethics Issues 222 -- Objectivity in Reporting / Judith Lichtenberg -- I. Compound Assault on Objectivity 224 -- II. Metaphysical Questions 224 -- III. Global Doubts and Local Doubts 225 -- IV. Transcultural Communication 226 -- V. On the Social Construction of Reality 227 -- VI. Existence and Meaning of Facts 227 -- VII. Beyond Objectivity? 229 -- VIII. Politics of Objectivity 230 -- Political Obligation / Terry Hopton -- I. Concept of Political Obligation 233 -- II. Theories of Political Obligation 234 -- III. Anarchist Theories 238 -- IV. Political Obligation as a Pseudoproblem 239 -- Pornography / Susan Easton -- I. Defining Pornography 241 -- II. Regulation of Pornography 243 -- III. Harm Principle: the Liberal Defense of Pornography 244 -- IV. Harm Principle: Critiques of Pornography 246 -- Privacy versus the Public's Right to Know / Anita L. Allen -- I. Can the Right to Know and Privacy Coexist? 251 -- II. Defining the Right to Know 252 -- III. Defining the Right to Privacy 255 -- IV. Politics of the Right to Know 259 -- V. Privacy in Journalism Ethics 260 -- Professional Ethics / Timo Airaksinen -- I. Primacy of the Sociological Definition of Professionalism 264 -- II. Types of Professional Ethics 265 -- III. Values and Service in Professional Life 266 -- IV. Engineering As a Pseudoprofession 269 -- V. Truth, Science, and Information As Professionalism Fields 271 -- Sexual Content in Films and Television / John Weckert -- I. Sexual Content: What Is It? 275 -- II. Moral Issues 276 -- III. Offense 279 -- IV. Restricting Sexual Content 279 -- Tabloid Journalism / Seumas Miller -- I. Description of Tabloid Journalism 283 -- II. Normative Theoretical Account of the Media 286 -- III. Ethical Analysis 288 -- Terrorism / Sue Ashford -- I. Origins of the Term 291 -- II. Historical Background 292 -- III. Complex Nature of Terrorism 292 -- IV. Proper Social Orders: One Motive for Terrorism 293 -- V. Argument from Political Expediency: a Second Motive for Terrorism 294 -- VI. Historical Appreciations of Revolutions 295 -- VII. Idea of Legitimacy 296 -- VIII. What Counts As an Act of Terrorism? 298 -- IX. Appeal to Abstract Principles 299 -- X. Arguments Against the Appeal to Abstract Principles 300 -- Truth Telling as Constitutive of Journalism / John O'Neill -- I. Practice of Journalism 303 -- II. Virtues of the Journalist 306 -- III. Corruption, Virtues, and Institutions 306 -- Violence in Films and Television / Marian I. Tulloch, John C. Tulloch -- I. Cultural Context 310 -- II. Psychological Studies of TV Violence and Aggression 310 -- III. Alternative Paradigms: Perceptions of Violence 314 -- IV. Nonfictional Violence 316 -- V. Public Attitudes to Violence on Television 317 -- VI. Censorship and Public Policy 317 -- Warfare, Strategies and Tactics / John D. Becker -- II. Strategies 324 -- III. Tactics 324 -- IV. Applied Ethical Issues 325.
Summary With "spin" often playing an exaggerated role in politics, it is sometimes difficult to understand legal and judicial issues apart from their presentations by the media. This collection of articles combines discussions of ethical issues within and about the news and entertainment industries with descriptions of similar issues in politics. In general, the volume explores the theme of freedom versus responsibility. It can therefore serve as a resource for the person interested in theories of justice and discrimination as well as the depiction of minorities in the media. It's that ability to separate one from the other, and then to think analytically about the specific question at issue, that lies at the heart of Ethics.The book includes 30 articles previously published in the Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics and three new articles, commissioned especially for this volume. Over half of the previously published articles include updated facts and bibliographic citations. New articles include "Media Ethics, Overview," "War Reporting," and "Privacy vs. Public Right to Know."
Other author Chadwick, Ruth F.
Subject Politics -- Moral and ethical aspects -- Encyclopedias.
Mass media -- Moral and ethical aspects -- Encyclopedias.
Journalistic ethics.
Broadcast journalism -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Variant Title Ethics in politics and the media.
ISBN 0121662551