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PRINTED BOOKS

Title Grass : its production and utilization / edited by A. Hopkins.

Published Oxford : Blackwell Science, 1999.

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM ERC  633.2 GRA    AVAILABLE
Edition 3rd ed.
Physical description 448 pages
Notes Previous ed.: published as by W. Holmes. 1989.
Contents 1.2 Development and distribution of grasslands 1 -- 1.3 Classification of grasslands - ecological 4 -- 1.4 Classification of grasslands - agricultural 6 -- 1.5 Leys and permanent pastures 7 -- 1.6 Grassland production 8 -- 1.7 Grass as a source of feed for livestock 8 -- 1.8 Grass utilization 10 -- 1.9 Grassland production and environmental objectives 10 -- 2 Sward Establishment and Renovation / R.D. Sheldrick 13 -- 2.2 Options for sward improvement and reseeding 14 -- 2.3 Species for sowing 15 -- 2.4 Sward establishment 20 -- 2.5 Post-sowing management 24 -- 2.6 Sward renovation 25 -- 2.7 Sward establishment in special situations 27 -- 3 Principles of Pasture Growth and Utilization / A.J. Parsons, D.F. Chapman 31 -- 3.1 Grass plant 32 -- 3.2 White clover plant 41 -- 3.3 Factors affecting leaf growth 45 -- 3.4 Some background on photosynthesis 50 -- 3.5 Overall trade-off between growth and utilization 52 -- 3.6 Different managements - or a question of scale? 54 -- 3.7 Regrowth - and the ceiling to yield 55 -- 3.8 Optional timing of harvest - marginal value theorem 57 -- 3.9 Effects of 'residual sward state' on regrowth 59 -- 3.10 Optional solutions for residual sward state and the duration of regrowth 62 -- 3.11 Operational constraints to utilization under grazing 63 -- 3.12 Functioning of clover, relative to grass, in mixed swards 64 -- 3.13 Grass-legume balance - a problem and a theory 66 -- 3.14 Modifying factors - adaptation to defoliation 69 -- 3.15 Modifying factors - seasonal changes in physiology 71 -- 3.16 Seasonal pattern(s) of grass production and utilization 73 -- 3.17 Theory into practice - a basis for management 75 -- 3.18 Heterogeneity and its impact on utilization 77 -- 4 Herbage Production / A. Hopkins 90 -- 4.2 Measurement of herbage production 90 -- 4.3 Climatic factors 92 -- 4.4 Irrigation 93 -- 4.5 Soil drainage 94 -- 4.6 Soil pH and liming 96 -- 4.7 Soil nutrient status and the role of fertilizers 96 -- 4.8 Herbage production and botanical composition 101 -- 5 Herbage Seed Production / A.H. Marshall, D.H. Hides 111 -- 5.2 Use and production of herbage seed 112 -- 5.3 Herbage seed production in the UK 114 -- 5.4 Seed crop management 114 -- 5.5 Seed certification 116 -- 6 Weeds, Pests and Diseases of Grassland / G.C. Lewis, A. Hopkins 119 -- 6.2 Weeds of grassland 120 -- 6.3 Pests of grassland 124 -- 6.4 Diseases of grassland 128 -- 6.5 Fungal endophytes 132 -- 6.6 Nutritional disorders 133 -- 7 Feeding Value of Grass and Grass Products / D.E. Beever, N. Offer, E.M. Gill 140 -- 7.2 Chemical and physical characteristics of forage 140 -- 7.3 Nutritive value of forage 143 -- 7.4 Regulation of forage intake 153 -- 7.5 Digestion in the ruminant 158 -- 7.6 Tissue utilization of forage energy and protein 166 -- 7.7 Use of supplements and nutritional manipulants 169 -- 7.8 Prediction of animal performance 171 -- 7.9 Nutritional disorders 178 -- 7.10 Potential for forages 185 -- 8 Conservation of Grass / R.J. Merry, R. Jones, M.K. Theodorou 196 -- 8.2 Principles of conservation 196 -- 8.3 Crop management 197 -- 8.4 Haymaking 198 -- 8.5 Silage making 200 -- 8.6 Ensilage process 202 -- 8.7 Evaluation of silage quality 208 -- 8.8 Silage additives 208 -- 8.9 Production response of animals offered additive-treated silages 216 -- 8.10 Silage technology 218 -- 8.11 Silage losses 220 -- 8.12 Future trends in silage making 223 -- 9 Principles of Foraging and Grazing Behaviour / A.J. Rook 229 -- 9.2 Measuring grazing behaviour 229 -- 9.3 Factors affecting bite mass 230 -- 9.4 Factors affecting biting rate 233 -- 9.5 Factors affecting grazing time 235 -- 9.6 Meal patterns 236 -- 9.7 Foraging in heterogeneous environments 237 -- 10 Grassland Management under Grazing and Animal Response / C.S. Mayne, I.A. Wright, G.E.J. Fisher 247 -- 10.2 Potential production from grazed pasture 248 -- 10.3 Effects of stocking rate, herbage allowance and grazing severity on animal performance 250 -- 10.4 Grazing systems and integration with forage conservation 253 -- 10.5 Principles of supplementation at pasture 261 -- 10.6 Practical grazing management - dairy cows 264 -- 10.7 Practical grazing management - beef cattle 275 -- 10.8 Practical grazing management - sheep 278 -- 10.9 Mixed and sequential grazing 280 -- 10.10 Hill and upland grazing systems 281 -- 10.11 Animal health on grazed pasture 283 -- 11 Grassland Management for Natural Landscapes and Wildlife / R.G. Jefferson, H.J. Robertson 292 -- 11.2 Value of grasslands for wildlife and landscape conservation 292 -- 11.3 Grazing management 298 -- 11.4 Mowing for hay 302 -- 11.5 Use of artificial fertilizers, farmyard manure and lime 306 -- 11.6 Use of herbicides, pesticides and veterinary products 307 -- 11.7 Other management practices 308 -- 11.8 Grassland management decision-making and management mechanisms 310 -- 12 Amenity Grassland / D. Thorogood 317 -- 12.2 Importance of amenity turfgrass 317 -- 12.3 Evolution of amenity grassland and the demands of modern turfgrass 320 -- 12.4 Species of importance in amenity turfgrass 321 -- 12.5 Establishment of turfgrass 323 -- 12.6 Maintenance of turfgrass 328 -- 12.7 Turfgrass stresses 335 -- 13 Control and Utilization of Livestock Manures / B.F. Pain 343 -- 13.2 Plant nutrients in manures 344 -- 13.3 Biochemical oxygen demand 352 -- 13.4 Pathogens 352 -- 13.5 Strategies for controlling losses and utilizing plant nutrients 354 -- 13.6 Contamination of herbage 357 -- 13.7 Farm nutrient budgets 358 -- 13.8 Treatment of wastes 359 -- 14 Role and Management of Grassland in Organic Farming / D. Younie 365 -- 14.2 Principles of organic farming 366 -- 14.3 Certification of organic farming 366 -- 14.4 Contribution of grassland and forage legumes to organic farming systems 368 -- 14.5 Organic grassland management in practice 378 -- 15 Economic Aspects of Grassland Production and Utilization / J.P. McInerney 394 -- 15.2 Framework for economic analysis 395 -- 15.3 Efficiency in grassland farming 397 -- 15.4 Defining optimality 399 -- 15.5 Measuring economic performance in production 402 -- 15.6 Determinants of profitability in grassland farming 410 -- 15.7 Responding to the market 415 -- 15.9 Grassland and the non-food system 419 -- 15.10 Grassland production and the environment 422.
Summary The management of grassland and its role in the countryside has changed considerably during the 15 years since the first edition of Grass was published. The book has therefore been completely reorganised and rewritten to reflect these developments and the corresponding changes to the undergraduate curriculum.The emphasis will continue to be the agricultural management of grassland and will include recent developments in agronomy, nutrition, grazing, forage preservation, and the changing nature of farm economics in relation to changes in the basis for farm support. The scope of the book will reflect recent policy and legislative changes affecting grassland and will therefore include the role of grassland in nature conservation and landscape, grassland and amenity uses, the impact of grassland farming on the environment, and grass in organic farming.
Other author Hopkins, A.
Holmes, W. (William), 1922-
Subject Grasses.
ISBN 0632050179 (paperback) £35.00