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Cover Art
PRINTED BOOKS
Author Zhu, Chen, 1962-

Title Environmental applications of geochemical modeling / Chen Zhu [and] Greg Anderson.

Published New York ; Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM ERC  551.9 ZHU    AVAILABLE
Physical description xiv, 284 pages ; 25 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents 1.1 Environmental Problems and the Need for Geochemical Modeling 1 -- 1.2 Regulatory Framework 11 -- 1.3 Role of Geochemical Modeling 12 -- 1.4 Current Practice 14 -- 2 Model Concepts 18 -- 2.1 Model Definitions 18 -- 2.2 A Holistic View of Geochemical Models 19 -- 2.3 Types of Geochemical Models 23 -- 2.4 Model Vertification and Validation 28 -- 2.5 Model Usefulness and Limitations 30 -- 3 Thermodynamic Background 32 -- 3.1 Systems and Equilibrium 32 -- 3.2 Chemical Reactions 34 -- 3.3 Gibbs Energy 35 -- 3.4 Activity, Fugacity, and Chemical Potential 37 -- 3.5 Equilibrium Constant 42 -- 3.6 Components and Species 46 -- 3.7 Phase Rule 51 -- 3.8 Redox 54 -- 3.9 Alkalinity 58 -- 3.10 Acidity 65 -- 3.11 Local Equilibrium Assumption 67 -- 4 Computer Programs for Geochemical Modeling 74 -- 4.1 Codes, Databases, and Models 74 -- 4.2 Review of Popular Computer Programs 76 -- 4.3 Databases 79 -- 4.4 Chemical Concentration Units 83 -- 4.5 Examples of Input/Output 83 -- 5 Preparation and Construction of a Geochemical Model 92 -- 5.2 Establish the Goals 92 -- 5.3 Learn the Groundwater Flow System 92 -- 5.4 Collection of Field and Laboratory Data 93 -- 5.5 Decide What Types of Model to Construct 97 -- 5.6 Gather Chemical Properties 101 -- 5.7 Select a Computer Code 101 -- 5.8 Set Up a Model 102 -- 5.9 Interpretation of Modeling Results 103 -- 5.10 Reporting and Presentation of Modeling Results 105 -- 6 Speciation and Solubility Modeling 106 -- 6.2 A Uranium Mill Tailings Impoundment 107 -- 6.3 Applications to Bioavailability and Risk Assessment Studies 126 -- 6.4 Interpretations of Column Experiments 128 -- 7 Modeling Surface Adsorption 133 -- 7.2 Ion-exchange 134 -- 7.3 Surface Complexation 138 -- 7.4 Sorption Implementation in Computer Programs 142 -- 7.5 Retardation of Radionuclides at Oak Ridge 148 -- 7.6 Mobility of Radionuclides at a Uranium Mill Tailings Impoundment 151 -- 7.7 Adsorption of Arsenic in Smelter Flue Dust 155 -- 8 Reaction Path Modeling 157 -- 8.2 Alkalinity Titration 159 -- 8.3 Acidity of Acid Mine Water 161 -- 8.4 pH Buffering 164 -- 8.5 Deep Well Injection of Hazardous Wastes 167 -- 8.6 Pit Lake Chemistry 174 -- 8.7 Artificial Recharge 177 -- 8.8 Applications to Natural Background Studies 178 -- 9 Inverse Mass Balance Modeling 180 -- 9.2 Model Assumptions 181 -- 9.3 Groundwater Genesis, Black Mesa, Arizona 183 -- 9.4 Acid Mine Drainage, Pinal Creek, Arizona 187 -- 9.5 [superscript 14]C dating, Black Mesa, Arizona 192 -- 9.6 Estimate of Microbial Metabolism Rates in Deep Aquifers 195 -- 10 Coupled Reactive Transport Models 199 -- 10.2 Multi-component Reactive Transport Models 200 -- 10.3 Isotherm-based Reactive Transport Models 201 -- 10.4 A Simple Example 205 -- 10.5 Buffering in Reactive Transport 211 -- 10.6 Migration of an Acid Plume at a Uranium Mill Tailings Site 215 -- 10.7 Remedial Design of a Uranium Tailings Repository 225 -- 11 Kinetics Modeling 230 -- 11.2 Some Basic Theory 230 -- 11.3 Kinetics of Precipitation and Dissolution Reactions 237 -- 11.4 Kinetics of Acetate Decomposition 241 -- 11.5 Coupled Aqueous Speciation and Biological Processes 247 -- 11.6 Application to Landfill Leachate into Aquifers 249 -- A Modifying a Database 253.
Summary Application of geochemical modeling to environmental problems, illustrated with case studies of real-world environmental investigations.
Other author Anderson, G. M. (Gregor Munro), 1932-
Subject Environmental geochemistry -- Mathematical models.
Geochemical modeling.
ISBN 052180907X
0521005779 (pb.)