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Cover Art
PRINTED BOOKS
Author Mortimer, Robert G.

Title Physical chemistry / Robert G. Mortimer.

Published San Diego ; London : Harcourt Academic Press, [2000]
©2000

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM ERC  541.3 MORT  2nd ed.    AVAILABLE
 UniM ERC  541.3 MORT  2nd ed.    AVAILABLE
Edition 2nd ed.
Physical description xvi, 1116 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Notes Previous ed.: Redwood City, Calif. : Benjamin/Cummings, 1993.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Periodic Table xvii -- Information Tables xviii -- Chapter 1 Systems, States, and Processes 1 -- 1.1 Scientific Inquiry 2 -- 1.2 Systems and States 3 -- 1.3 Units of Measurements. SI Units 6 -- 1.4 State Functions 8 -- 1.5 Relationship between Macrostates and Microstates 11 -- 1.6 Processes 16 -- Chapter 2 Equilibrium Macroscopic States of Gases and Liquids 21 -- 2.1 Mathematical Functions and the Equilibrium Macroscopic State of a Simple System 22 -- 2.2 Real Liquids and Solids 25 -- 2.3 Real Gases 28 -- 2.4 Coexistence of Phases and the Critical Point 32 -- Chapter 3 Work, Heat, and Energy: The First Law of Thermodynamics 45 -- 3.1 Work and the State of a System 46 -- 3.2 Heat 53 -- 3.3 Internal Energy. The First Law of Thermodynamics 55 -- 3.4 Calculation of Amounts of Heat and Energy Changes 58 -- 3.5 Enthalpy--A Convenience Variable 68 -- 3.6 Calculation of Enthalpy Changes for Non-Chemical Processes 74 -- 3.7 Calculation of Enthalpy Changes for a Class of Chemical Reactions 77 -- 3.8 Energy Changes of Chemical Reactions 85 -- Chapter 4 Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics: Entropy 95 -- 4.1 Second Law of Thermodynamics and the Carnot Heat Engine 96 -- 4.2 Mathematical Statement of the Second Law. Entropy 102 -- 4.3 Calculation of Entropy Changes 107 -- 4.4 Statistical Entropy 116 -- 4.5 Third Law of Thermodynamics and Absolute Entropies 119 -- Chapter 5 Thermodynamics of Real Systems 131 -- 5.1 Criteria for Spontaneous Processes and for Equilibrium. The Gibbs and Helmholtz Energies 132 -- 5.2 Fundamental Relations for Closed Simple Systems 137 -- 5.3 Gibbs Energy Calculations 142 -- 5.4 Description of Multicomponent and Open Systems 146 -- 5.5 Additional Useful Thermodynamic Identities 152 -- 5.6 Euler's Theorem and the Gibbs-Duhem Relation 156 -- Chapter 6 Phase Equilibrium 167 -- 6.1 Fundamental Fact of Phase Equilibrium 168 -- 6.2 Gibbs Phase Rule 170 -- 6.3 Phase Equilibrium in a One-Component System 174 -- 6.4 Gibbs Energy and Phase Transitions 180 -- 6.5 Surface Structure and Thermodynamics 184 -- 6.6 Surfaces in Multicomponent Systems 191 -- Chapter 7 Multicomponent Systems 199 -- 7.1 Ideal Solutions 200 -- 7.2 Henry's Law and Dilute Nonelectrolyte Solutions 209 -- 7.3 Activity and the Description of General Systems 216 -- 7.4 Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions 228 -- 7.5 Phase Diagrams for Nonideal Mixtures 234 -- 7.6 Colligative Properties 244 -- Chapter 8 Thermodynamics of Chemical Equilibrium 255 -- 8.1 Gibbs Energy Changes and Equilibria of Chemical Reactions. The Equilibrium Constant 256 -- 8.2 Reactions Involving Gases and Pure Substances 261 -- 8.3 Chemical Equilibrium in Solution 264 -- 8.4 Equilibria in Solutions of Strong Electrolytes 266 -- 8.5 Acid-Base Equilibrium Calculations 270 -- 8.6 Temperature Dependence of Equilibrium Constants. The Principle of Le Chatelier 276 -- 8.7 Chemical Reactions and Biological Systems 280 -- Chapter 9 Thermodynamics of Electrical Systems 291 -- 9.1 Chemical Potential and the Electric Potential 292 -- 9.2 Electrochemical Cells at Equilibrium 293 -- 9.3 Half-Cell Potentials and Cell Potentials 300 -- 9.4 Determination of Activity Coefficients of Electrolytes 307 -- 9.5 Thermodynamic Information from Electrochemistry 312 -- Chapter 10 Gas Kinetic Theory. The Molecular Theory of Dilute Gases at Equilibrium 319 -- 10.1 Model System for a Dilute Gas 320 -- 10.2 Velocity Probability Distribution 324 -- 10.3 Distribution of Molecular Speeds 333 -- 10.4 Pressure of an Ideal Gas 337 -- 10.5 Wall Collisions and Effusion 341 -- 10.6 Model System with Potential Energy 343 -- 10.7 Hard-Sphere Gas 347 -- 10.8 Molecular Structure of Liquids 357 -- Chapter 11 Transport Processes 365 -- 11.1 Macroscopic Description of Nonequilibrium States 366 -- 11.2 Transport Processes 368 -- 11.3 Transport Processes in the Hard-Sphere Gas 380 -- 11.4 Structure of Liquids and Transport Processes in Liquids 385 -- 11.5 Transport in Electrolyte Solutions 390 -- Chapter 12 Rates of Chemical Reactions 401 -- 12.1 Macroscopic Description of Chemically Reacting Systems 402 -- 12.2 Forward Reactions with one Reactant 404 -- 12.3 Forward Reactions with More Than One Reactant 412 -- 12.4 Inclusion of a Reverse Reaction. Chemical Equilibrium 417 -- 12.5 Consecutive Reactions and Competing Reactions 420 -- 12.6 Experimental Study of Fast Reactions 424 -- Chapter 13 Chemical Reaction Mechanisms 435 -- 13.1 Reaction Mechanisms and Elementary Processes in Gases 436 -- 13.2 Elementary Reactions in Liquid Solutions 438 -- 13.3 Temperature Dependence of Rate Constants. The Collision Theory of Bimolecular Gaseous Reactions 444 -- 13.4 Reaction Mechanisms and Rate Laws 450 -- 13.5 Some Additional Mechanisms, Including Chain and Photochemical Mechanisms. Competing Mechanisms 463 -- 13.6 Catalysis 469 -- 13.7 Experimental Molecular Study of Chemical Reactions 481 -- Chapter 14 Principles of Quantum Mechanics. I. Classical Waves and the Schrodinger Equation 493 -- 14.1 Classical Mechanics 494 -- 14.2 Classical Waves 497 -- 14.3 Old Quantum Theory 507 -- 14.4 De Broglie Waves and the Schrodinger Equation 514 -- 14.5 Particle in a Box. The Free Particle 522 -- 14.6 Harmonic Oscillator 531 -- Chapter 15 Principles of Quantum Mechanics. II. The Postulates of Quantum Mechanics 539 -- 15.1 First Two Postulates of Quantum Mechanics 540 -- 15.2 Mathematical Operators 541 -- 15.3 Postulate 3. Mathematical Operators Corresponding to Mechanical Variables in Quantum Mechanics 546 -- 15.4 Postulate 4. Expectation Values 549 -- 15.5 Postulate 5. The Determination of the State of a System 565 -- Chapter 16 Electronic States of Atoms. I. The Hydrogen Atom and the Simple Orbital Approximation for Multielectron Atoms 573 -- 16.1 Hydrogen Atom and the Central Force System. Angular Momentum 574 -- 16.2 Wave Functions of the Hydrogen Atom 582 -- 16.3 Helium Atom in the "Zero-Order" Orbital Approximation 597 -- 16.4 Atoms with More Than Two Electrons 610 -- Chapter 17 Electronic States of Atoms. II. Higher-Order Approximations for Multielectron Atoms 619 -- 17.1 Variation Method and Its Application to the Helium Atom 620 -- 17.2 Perturbation Method and Its Application to the Helium Atom 625 -- 17.3 Self-Consistent Field Method 627 -- 17.4 Excited States of the Helium Atom 629 -- 17.5 Atoms with More than Two Electrons 632 -- Chapter 18 Electronic States of Molecules 647 -- 18.1 Born-Oppenheimer Approximation. The Hydrogen Molecule Ion 648 -- 18.2 LCAO-MOs--Molecular Orbitals That Are Linear Combinations of Atomic Orbitals 655 -- 18.3 Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules 660 -- 18.4 Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules 672 -- 18.5 Symmetry in Polyatomic Molecules.
Groups of Symmetry Operators 682 -- 18.6 Electronic Structure of Polyatomic Molecules 690 -- 18.7 More Advanced Treatments of Molecular Electronic Structure 709 -- Chapter 19 Translational, Rotational, and Vibrational States of Atoms and Molecules 721 -- 19.1 Translational Motions of Atoms 722 -- 19.2 Nonelectronic States of Diatomic Molecules 724 -- 19.3 Rotation and Vibration in Polyatomic Molecules 736 -- 19.4 Equilibrium Populations of Molecular States 743 -- Chapter 20 Spectroscopy and Photochemistry 751 -- 20.1 Emmission/Absorption Spectroscopy and Energy Levels 752 -- 20.2 Spectra of Atoms 761 -- 20.3 Rotational and Vibrational Spectra of Diatomic Molecules 762 -- 20.4 Electronic Spectra of Diatomic Molecules 769 -- 20.5 Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules 771 -- 20.6 Fluorescence, Phosphorescence, and Photochemistry 775 -- 20.7 Other Types of Spectroscopy 781 -- 20.8 Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 792 -- 20.9 Fourier Transform Spectroscopy 806 -- Chapter 21 Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics 817 -- 21.1 Quantum Statistical Mechanics of a Sample System of Four Harmonic Oscillators 818 -- 21.2 Probability Distribution for a Dilute Gas 823 -- 21.3 Probability Distribution and the Molecular Partition Function 828 -- 21.4 Calculation of Molecular Partition Functions 836 -- 21.5 Calculations of Thermodynamic Functions of Dilute Gases 845 -- 21.6 Chemical Equilibrium in Dilute Gases 858 -- 21.7 Activated Complex Theory of Bimolecular Chemical Reactions in Dilute Gases 862 -- 21.8 Canonical Ensemble 872 -- 21.9 Classical Statistical Mechanics 881 -- Chapter 22 Structure of Solids and Liquids 897 -- 22.1 General Features of Solids 898 -- 22.2 Crystal Vibrations 906 -- 22.3 Electronic Structure of Crystalline Solids 913 -- 22.4 Structure of Liquids 920 -- 22.5 Polymer Formation and Conformation 927 --
22.6 Rubber Elasticity 936 -- 22.7 Polymers in Solution 940 -- Chapter 23 Some Additional Theories of Nonequilibrium Processes 947 -- 23.1 Theories of Unimolecular Chemical Reactions 948 -- 23.2 Molecular Case History of a Chemical Reaction 952 -- 23.3 Theories of Transport Processes in Fluid Systems 954 -- 23.4 Nonequilibrium Electrochemistry 958 -- 23.5 Electrical Conductivity in Solids 970 -- A. Tables of Numerical Data 977 -- B. Some Useful Mathematics 1001 -- C. A Short Table of Integrals 1021 -- D. Classical Mechanics 1025 -- E. Some Derivations of Thermodynamic Formulas and Methods 1031 -- F. Some Mathematics in Quantum Mechanics 1037 -- G. Perturbation Method 1045 -- H. Huckel Method 1047 -- I. Matrix Representations of Groups 1051.
Summary This new edition of Robert G. Mortimer's Physical Chemistry has been thoroughly revised for use in a full year course in modern physical chemistry. In this edition, Mortimer has included recent developments in the theories of chemical reaction kinetics and molecular quantum mechanics, as well as in the experimental study of extremely rapid chemical reactions. While Mortimer has made substantial improvements in the selection and updating of topics, he has retained the clarity of presentation, the integration of description and theory, and the level of rigor that made the first edition so successful.
Subject Chemistry, Physical and theoretical.
ISBN 0125083459 No price