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Cover Art
Author François, Dominique, 1948-

Title Mechanical behaviour of materials. Vol. 2, Fracture mechanics and damage [electronic resource] / Dominique François, André Pineau, André Zaoui.

Published Dordrecht ; New York : Springer Science + Business Media, c2013.


Location Call No. Status
Edition [2nd ed.]
Physical description 1 online resource (687 p.)
Series Solid mechanics and its applications ; v. 191
Solid mechanics and its applications ; v. 191.
Contents 1. Various Types of Damage -- 2. Fracture Mechanics -- Aims of Fracture Mechanics -- Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM) -- Strain Energy Release Rate -- The Contour Integral J -- Stress Concentration Due to an Elliptical Hole -- Stress Intensity Factor -- Relation Between the Stress Intensity Factor and the Strain Energy Release Rate -- Displacement in a Cracked Body -- Determination of the Stress Intensity Factor -- Plastic Zones at the Crack Tip -- Introduction -- Qualitative Description of Plastic Flow at the Crack Tip in Plane Stress and in Plane Strain -- Plane Stress Yielding Solutions -- Plane Strain Solutions -- Fracture Toughness Measurements (LEFM) -- Stable and Unstable Crack Propagation -- R-Curve -- Elastoplastic Fracture Mechanics (EPFM) -- Limit Load and R-6 Method -- Fracture Toughness in Term of the Critical Value of J -- Fracture Toughness in Term of the Critical CTOD -- Conclusion -- Fracture Mechanics of Creeping Solids -- Introduction --
RR (Riedel and Rice) Creep Stress Fields -- Characteristic Load-Geometry Parameters -- Simplified Methods to Calculate the C* Parameter -- Time to Initiate Creep Crack Growth and Crack Growth Rate -- Introduction to Local Approach to Fracture Mechanics -- Introduction -- Specimens and Testing -- Analysis of the Results -- 3. Brittle Fracture -- Introduction -- Occurrence of Cleavage -- Crystallographic Aspects -- Cleavage Versus Intergranular Fracture -- Cleavage Versus Blunting -- Cleavage Mechanisms -- Theoretical Cleavage Stress -- Local Conditions for Cleavage -- Statistical Aspects -- Beremin Model and Weibull Stress -- Angular Distribution of Cracks: Batdorf's Theory -- Some Limitations -- Weibull Statistical Distribution and Fracture Toughness -- Application to Steels -- Introduction -- Multiple Barriers Models -- Applications of the Beremin Model -- Fracture Toughness -- Conclusion --
Cleavage in Other BCC Metals -- Cleavage Fracture in HCP Metals -- Cleavage Plane -- Cleavage Fracture of Zinc -- Cleavage Fracture of Magnesium -- Intergranular Fracture -- Temper-Embrittlement in Steels -- Segregation of Impurities at Grain Boundaries - Thermodynamics -- Segregation of Impurities at Grain-Boundaries - Kinetics -- Micromechanisms of Grain Boundary Embrittlement -- Intergranular Fracture Toughness in Ferritic Steels -- Overheating of Steels -- Irradiation-Induced Embrittlement in Ferritic Steels -- Hardening, DBTT and Reduction in the Upper Shelf Energy (USE) -- A Tentative Model for Predicting the Shift in DBTT -- 4. Ductile Fracture -- Introduction -- Cavity Nucleation -- Observations -- Computational Cell Calculations -- Void Nucleation Models -- Cavity Growth -- Observations -- Void Cell Simulations -- Void Growth Models -- Void Coalescence -- Observations -- Void Cell Simulations -- Models for Void Coalescence -- Prediction of the Fracture Strain --
Homogeneous Distribution of Voids: Introduction of the Effect of Heterogeneity -- Further Considerations on the Effect on Heterogeneity -- Ductile Fracture and Fracture Toughness -- Introductory Comments -- Observations -- Notch Tip Damage Analysis in Terms of Cavity Growth -- Computational Strategies to Simulate Ductile Crack Propagation -- Simplified Models for Predicting the Fracture Toughness -- Recapitulation -- 5. Ductile-Brittle Transition -- Introduction -- Notched-Bar Impact Testing -- Mechanics of Notched Bend Bars -- Charpy V-Notch Impact Tests -- Instrumented Impact Tests -- Ductile-to-Brittle Transition (DBT) Temperature -- DropWeight Tests and Other Large-Scale Tests -- Failure Analysis Diagram -- Correlations -- Modelling the DBT Behaviour in Fracture Mechanics Tests and in Charpy V Tests -- Introduction -- DBT in Fracture Toughness Tests -- Modelling Charpy V Notch Impact Tests -- Correlations and Recapitulation --
6. Fatigue -- Introduction -- Fatigue Tests -- General Considerations -- Load Controlled Fatigue Testing -- Axial Strain Controlled Fatigue Testing -- Gigacycle Fatigue -- Fatigue Crack Propagation Testing -- Fatigue Mechanisms -- Fatigue Initiation Mechanisms -- Mechanisms of Fatigue Crack Propagation -- Fatigue Behaviour and Modelling -- High-Cycle Fatigue -- Low-Cycle Fatigue -- Fatigue Crack Propagation -- Improving the Fatigue Life -- Surface Treatments -- Metallurgical Factors -- 7. Environment Assisted Cracking -- Introduction -- Hydrogen Embrittlement -- Importance of Hydrogen Embrittlement -- Introduction of Hydrogen in Metals -- Hydrogen Solubility in Iron -- Diffusion of Hydrogen -- Hydrogen Embrittlement Mechanisms -- Embrittlement of Hydride Forming Metals -- Stress Corrosion Cracking -- Introduction -- Stress Corrosion Cracking Initiation -- Stress Corrosion Cracking Propagation -- Corrosion Fatigue -- Initiation of Corrosion Fatigue -- Corrosion Fatigue Crack Propagation -- Liquid and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement -- Occurrence of Liquid Metal Induced Embrittlement -- Liquid Metal Induced Embrittlement Mechanisms -- Initiation and Propagation of Cracks Due to Liquid Metal Embrittlement -- Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement --
8. Creep-Fatigue-Oxidation Interactions -- Introduction -- Nucleation of Creep Cavities -- Theory of Cavity Nucleation -- Cavity Nucleation at Grain Boundaries -- Importance of Stress Concentrations -- Concluding Remarks -- Growth of Creep Cavities -- Growth Controlled by Viscoplastic Deformation -- Growth Controlled by Diffusion -- Coupling Diffusion and Viscoplasticity -- Constrained Cavity Growth -- Recapitulation of Results - Comparison with Observations -- Phenomenological Approaches to Creep Damage -- Introductory Remarks -- Monkman-Grant Law -- Time-to-Fracture Contours in Creep Under Multiaxial Loading -- Introduction to Continuum Damage Mechanics (CDM) -- Continuum Damage Mechanics (CDM) and Physical Measurements of Intergranular Damage -- Creep-Fatigue-Oxidation Damage -- Introduction and Overview -- Creep-Fatigue-Oxidation Interactions in Three Types of Alloys -- Lifing Techniques for High Temperature Components -- Introductory Remarks -- Time to Failure Predicted from Limit Load Analysis --
Engineering Definition of Time to Creep Crack Initiation -- Engineering Definition of Time to Creep Crack Growth -- Life Prediction for Creep-Fatigue Cracking -- High Temperature Materials -- 9. ContactMechanics; Friction andWear -- Introduction -- Contact Mechanics -- Contacting Surfaces: Relative Movement and Forces Transmitted -- Elastic Analysis -- Introduction to Plasticity in Contact Mechanics -- Friction -- Introduction -- The Real Area of Contact -- Friction and Adhesion -- Typical Values of the Coefficient of Friction -- Stability of Steady Frictional Slipping - Stick-Slip -- Wear -- Introduction -- Temperature of Sliding Surfaces -- Wear Mechanisms -- Wear-Mechanisms Maps -- Materials for Use in Conditions of Friction and Wear -- 10. Damage and Fracture of Non-metallic Materials -- Introduction -- Damage and Fracture of Ceramic Materials -- Microstructure of Ceramic Materials -- Cracking Mechanisms -- Size Effects --
Statistical Distribution of the Fracture Strength -- Delayed Fracture of Ceramics -- Fracture of Glass -- Fracture Mechanisms -- Importance of Surface Cracks -- Reinforcement by Metallic Particles -- Delayed Fracture of Glass -- Size Effects -- Metallic Glasses -- Damage and Fracture of Concrete -- Concrete: A Complex Material -- Concrete Damage -- Fracture Toughness of Concrete -- Fatigue of Concrete -- Plastic Yielding and Fracture of Polymers -- Structure of Polymers, a Reminder -- Plastic Yielding of Polymers -- Fracture of Polymers -- Delayed Fracture of Polymers -- Fracture ofWood -- Introduction -- Microstructure of Wood -- Anisotropic Behaviour -- Effect of Moisture Content -- Delayed Fracture ofWood -- Fracture of Composite Materials -- Effect of Residual Stresses -- Composite with Long Fibres, More Brittle Than the Matrix -- Composites Reinforced with Short Fibres -- Criteria for Macroscopic Fracture -- Final Survey -- Appx. A: Diffusion Coefficients.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
Summary Designing new structural materials, extending lifetimes and guarding against fracture in service are among the preoccupations of engineers, and to deal with these they need to have command of the mechanics of material behaviour. This ought to reflect in the training of students. In this respect, the first volume of this work deals with elastic, elastoplastic, elastoviscoplastic and viscoelastic behaviours; this second volume continues with fracture mechanics and damage, and with contact mechanics, friction and wear.
Notes Description based upon print version of record.
Other author Pineau, A. (André)
Zaoui, A. (André), 1941-
Subject Fracture mechanics.
Materials -- Mechanical properties.
Electronic books.
Variant Title Fracture mechanics and damage
ISBN 9789400749306 (electronic bk.)
9400749309 (electronic bk.)