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Cover Art
Author Floros, Constantin.

Title Johannes Brahms, free but alone : a life for a poetic music / Constantin Floros ; translated by Ernest Bernhardt-Kabisch.

Published New York : Peter Lang, [2010]


Location Call No. Status
Uniform title Johannes Brahms, "frei aber einsam". English.
Physical description x, 291 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 230-242) and indexes.
Contents Frei aber einsam: Solitude as the Price of Freedom Brahms's reticence -- An "ambivalent" personality? -- Youth in Hamburg -- Characterizations of the young Brahms (Clara Schumann, Albert Dietrich, Joseph Joachim) -- A single by choice Focus on creative work -- Relation to women and attitude toward marriage -- Fear also of professional commitment -- Preference for freelance work -- Brahms's and Joachim's maxim 5 -- Polarities Janus-headedness in modern art and intellectual history -- Brahms between mirth and melancholy -- His music as a reflection of his personality -- Moods of his music: from mesto to giocoso -- Character of the "Young Kreisler" -- Variations for Piano op 9 -- Capricci and Intermezzi -- Simultaneous composition of works of a diametrically opposite character -- Academic Festival Overture op. 80 and the Tragic Overture op 81 -- Predilection for paired works of identical instrumentation -- Contrariness of the two Piano Concertos and the two Cello Sonatas 16 -- A "prickly" character Seemingly contradictory character traits -- Modesty and self-confidence -- Health, energy and strength -- Introversion -- Reluctance to expose feelings -- Sensibility and emotionality -- Disharmonies in relationships with friends -- Brahms as enfant terrible -- Humaneness and readiness to help 27 -- Tone ciphers: The history of the FAE anagram Encryption of extra-musical contents through tonal letters -- Joachim's maxim "Free but Solitary" and the Gisela anagram -- Joachim's Three Pieces for Violin and Piano op 5 -- FAE Sonata -- Ingenious uses of the motto -- Was the String Quartet in A Minor op. 51, no. 2 originally intended for Joachim? -- Double Concerto op. 102 as an "act of reconciliation" -- Supposed alteration of the motto "Frei aber einsam" to "Frei aber froh" ("Free but glad") 33 -- Relations: Biographical backgrounds in Brahms's music Profound personal experiences as triggering impulses in the creative process -- Robert and Clara Schumann and the first Piano Concerto op 15 -- A Wertheresque experience and the Piano Quartet op 60 -- Julie Schumann and the Alto Rhapsody op 53 -- Anselm Feuerbach and Nänie ("Dirge") op 82 -- Relationship with the VI mother: the German Requiem op. 45 and the Horn Trio op 40 -- Agathe von Siebold and the second String Sextet op 36 -- Agathe anagram in the choral piece for women Und gehst du über den Friedhof ("When you cross the churchyard") op. 44, no 10 -- Relationship with Clara Schumann -- Piano Variations op 9 -- "presence" of Clara and Robert Schumann in works by Brahms -- Vier Ernsten Gesänge ("Four Serious Songs") as an "offering for the dead" 42 -- Between the Fronts Restoration and Revolution -- Opposition between Conservatives and Progressives -- Brahms as "Anti-Pope" -- Idea of Progress - Brahms's retrospective attitude -- Veneration for the art of the past and rejection of the avant-garde -- Attitude toward form tIdea and execution -- Autonomy and heteronomy of music -- Brahms and program music 67 -- Principle of Hope Brahms's views of psychic health -- Plea for moderation in life and art -- Expression as an aesthetic category -- Richard Wagner, Franz Liszt and Anton Bruckner as "expressive musicians" -- Brahms's, Hanslick's and Feuerbach's dislike of exaggeration -- Hope as elixir of life -- Minor and major in Brahms's compositional work -- Dramaturgy in the Alto Rhapsody, the finale of the First Symphony and the lied Auf dem Kirchhofe ("In the Churchyard") op. 105, no 4 -- Brahms and the idea of fate -- Schicksalslied ("Song of Fate") op 54 -- Love as a positive utopia in the opus 121 74 -- Second Beethoven? Brahms as "heir" of Beethoven: the eulogistic aperçus of Joseph Hellmesberger, Eduard Hanslick and Hans von Bülow -- Wagner's polemic against Brahms -- Brahms's relation to Beethoven as a mixture of admiration and distance -- Beethovenesque models in Brahms: the scherzos of the Serenades op. 11 and op. 16, the first movement of the first Piano Concerto op. 15, Rinaldo op. 50 and the finale of the String Quintet op 88 -- Beethovenesque techniques in Brahms: motivic-thematic work, the obbligato accompagnement and aspects of the technique of variation -- Questions of tonal idiom: the expressive worlds of Beethoven and Brahms 80 -- Relation to Schumann Basics -- Relevance of the "poetic" in Schumann and Brahms -- Parallels in the conception of music -- Brahms's minor piano works in relation to Schumann -- Schumannesque models and techniques in Brahms -- Schumann's Kreisleriana (Phantasien für das Pianoforte) and Brahms's -- Fantasien für das Pianoforte op. 116 95 -- Poetic elements in the piano music Schumann's ideal of poetic music -- Brahms's dedication to poetic creation -- Poetic elements in the Piano Sonatas op. 1, op. 2 and op 5 -- Ballad in D Minor op. 10, no. 1 and the lied Verrat ("Betrayal") op. 105, no 5 -- Intermezzo in E-flat Major op. 116, no. 4 as a nocturne -- Intermezzo in E-flat Major op. 117, no. 1 as a lullaby -- Romance in F Major op. 118, no 5 -- Intermezzo in E-flat Minor op. 118, no.1 as a Dies Irae paraphrase -- Intermezzo in B Minor op. 119, no. 1 as an Invention on the dissonance -- Op. 116 and op. 117 as "monologues" 112 -- Violin Sonatas from Songs. Secret dedications to Clara Schumann and Hermine Spies Semanticizing of instrumental music through quotations from and echoes of songs -- Compositions Regenlied ("Rain Song") and Nachklang ("Reverberation") op. 59, nos. 3 and 4, and the Sonata in G Major op.78 -- Biographical background: illness of Felix Schumann -- Reception of the "Rain Song Sonata" -- Lieder Komm Bald ("Come Soon") op. 97, no. 5 and Wie Melodien zieht es ("Like Melodies it Passes") op. 105, no. 1 and the Sonata in A Major op 100 -- Relation to Hermine Spies 125 -- Tradition and Innovation in the First Symphony Genesis -- Parallels to Beethoven's Fifth and Ninth Symphonies and to the trumpet signal of the Leonore Overtures -- Relations to Schumann's Manfred music -- Andante sostenuto and the Andante con moto of Schubert's "Unfinished" Symphony -- Allusions to Florestan's cries of joy in Fidelio in the Finale 141 -- Semantic elements in the Fourth Symphony Aspects of compositional technique -- Presumption of covert programmatic backdrops -- Genesis of the symphony -- Choice of an e minor keyû Characteristics of the initial two movements -- Allegro grazioso as a bright sound image -- Finale as a movement of variations -- Use of trombones -- Analogies to the third of the Four Serious Songs op 121 -- Inexorability of death as fundamental idea -- Tschaikowsky on Brahms 149 -- Mortality, Consolation and Hope as Semantic Fields in A German Requiem -- Selection and combination of the Biblical texts -- Theme of consolation for the bereaved -- Idea of hope and the conception of the resurrection as transformation -- Work dedicated to humanity as a whole -- Musical treatment of the text's antitheses 155 -- "Even the Beauteous Must Die": Nänie Interpretation of Schiller's poem and its theme of the mortality of the beautiful -- Nänie as a memorial composition for Anselm Feuerbach -- Brahms's relation to Feuerbach and his interest in Feuerbach's paintings -- Feuerbach's artistic creed, his affinity with classical antiquity, combined with the desire to create new things -- Settings by Hermann Goetz and Brahms compared -- Dedication to Henriette Feuerbach as Brahms's personal commentary on Schiller's poem 167 -- Four Serious Songs Genesis -- Thoughts on the problem of death -- Cyclical construction: transition from the pessimism of the first three songs to the credo of the redeeming power of love in the last -- Composition shaped by the texts' dominant ideas and images -- Sketch sheet -- Brahms's interpretation of the Pauline sermon on love 180 -- Brahms and the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra The sound culture of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra as a stimulating tonal ideal -- History of the orchestra -- Its conservatism -- Performances of the Serenades, the Haydn -- Variations, as well as the Symphonies in Vienna -- Basis of Brahms's success in Vienna 186 -- Hanslick's Image of Brahms Hanslick no uncritical admirer of Brahms -- His musico-aesthetic system and his judgment of Brahms -- Brahms works that appealed to him and those he viewed sceptically -- Hanslick
admired Brahms's "musical logic" but charged him with lack of "sensuousness" and melodic inventiveness -- His preference for "cheerful" music -- Complaints about the pessimistic, tragic, resigned tenor of many of Brahms's compositions -- Critique of the technical complexity of Brahms's music -- Recurrent changes of mind - Billroth on Hanslick -- Brahms felt misunderstood as composer by Hanslick -- Hanslick's doctrine of Brahms as prototypical composer of "absolute" musicö 194 --
A Janus Head: Changes in Brahms's image Brahms as Romantic and as Classicist, as Conservative and as Progressive -- Two-fold character of his art -- Conservative and progressive elements -- Brahms image of the Schönberg school -- Max Reger-Hugo Riemann controversy -- Construction and expression in Brahms 203 -- "Toxic" or "divine" dissonances? Forward-looking elements in Brahms -- Abundance of dissonances and polyphonic textures as progressive moments in Brahms -- Noticeable preference for dissonances -- Reactions of Clara Schumann, -- Hanslick and Billroth to the severer tonalities of Brahms's music -- Examples of Brahmsian use of dissonances: the Piano Quartet op. 25, the lied Es hing der Reif -- ("The Hoarfrost hung") op. 106, no. 3, the Intermezzo in E Major op. 116, no. 6 and Four Serious Songs op. 121, no. 2 208 -- Why Brahms is so universally beloved Brahms's own assessment of his position in music history -- Fame and rise in society -- "most German" composer -- Breadth of his music's international impact -- Influence of Vienna -- Predilection for the genre of the folk song -- Popular modes and high art -- Vanitas theme in the German Requiem and in the Four Serious Songs -- Friedrich Nietzsche on Brahms -- Adolf Schubring's review of the German Requiem 214.
Other author Bernhardt-Kabisch, Ernest, 1934-
Subject Brahms, Johannes, 1833-1897.
Composers -- Germany -- Biography.
ISBN 9783631612606