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Author Ward, Richard, LL.B.

Title Walker & Walker's English legal system / Richard Ward, Amanda Akhtar.

Published Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2011.

Copies

Location Call No. Status
 UniM Law  KL 11 WARD    AVAILABLE
Edition 11th ed.
Physical description lxviii, 732 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Notes Previous ed.: 2008.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Machine generated contents note: 1.The English Legal System---An Overview -- Introduction -- The principal sources of law -- Legislation -- Common law and equity -- The European Union -- The European Convention on Human Rights -- Other sources -- The distinction between civil and criminal matters -- The importance of the distinction -- The decision as to whether a matter is civil or criminal -- The courts -- The classification of courts -- The hierarchy -- The administration of the English legal system -- pt. I Sources of English Law -- 2.Legislation -- Introduction -- Legislation and law reform -- Law reform -- Consolidation of enactments -- Codification -- Collection and disbursement of revenue -- Implementation of treaties -- Social legislation -- Forms of legislation -- Acts of Parliament -- Delegated legislation -- Autonomic legislation -- Codes of practice -- The operation of statutes -- Geographical operation -- Temporal operation --
Contents note continued: The interpretation and construction of statutes -- The need for interpretation and construction -- Judicial approaches to interpretation -- Rules of interpretation and language -- Presumptions of substance -- Material aids to construction -- Interpretation of European Union legislation -- Further reading -- 3.Case Law, Precedents, and Law Reports -- Introduction -- The relationship between law reports and the doctrine of precedent -- The operation of the doctrine of precedent -- The doctrine of binding precedent -- The impact of the Human Rights Act 1998 on the doctrine of precedent -- The binding element in precedents -- Precedents that are not binding -- Reversing, overruling, and distinguishing -- The hierarchy of the courts -- Law reporting -- The Year Books -- The private reports -- The present system of law reporting -- Further reading -- 4.European Law -- Introduction -- A brief history -- The Single European Act and the Treaty on European Union --
Contents note continued: The Treaty of Amsterdam -- The Treaty of Nice and the Charter of Fundamental Rights -- The Treaty of Lisbon: A constitution in all but name? -- The scope of European law -- The principle of subsidiarity -- The institutions -- The Council -- The Commission -- The Parliament -- The Court of Justice -- The sources of EU law -- Legislation -- Case law -- The relationship between EU and national law -- The general approach of the Court of Justice -- Direct applicability and direct effect -- The impact upon English courts -- The question of supremacy -- Interpretation -- The European Court of Justice -- Composition and procedure -- Jurisdiction -- References for a preliminary ruling under Article 267 -- Further reading -- 5.The Human Rights Act 1998 and the European Convention on Human Rights -- Introduction -- The context -- The Convention and its history -- The status of the ECHR before the Human Rights Act 1998 -- The Human Rights Act 1998 --
Contents note continued: The status of Convention rights and jurisprudence -- The impact on legislation -- Direct enforcement of Convention rights -- A British bill of rights? -- Further reading -- 6.Convention Rights -- Introduction -- The nature of the rights protected -- Proportionality -- The margin of appreciation -- Derogation -- Specific rights -- Article 2 The right to life -- Article 3 The prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment -- Article 4 The prohibition of slavery and forced labour -- Article 5 The right to liberty and security of the person -- Article 6 The right to a fair trial -- Article 7 No punishment without law -- Article 8 The right to respect for a person's private and family life, his home and correspondence -- Article 9 The right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion -- Article 10 The right to freedom of expression -- Article 11 The right to freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of association with others --
Contents note continued: Article 12 The right to marry and found a family -- Article 14 The right not to be discriminated against with regard to other Convention rights -- Protocol 1 -- The European Court of Human Rights -- The composition and procedure of the court -- The admissibility of complaints -- Further reading -- pt. II The Administration of Justice -- 7.The Courts -- Introduction -- Historical context -- The Curia Regis -- The Court of Exchequer -- The Court of Common Pleas -- The Court of King's Bench -- The Courts of Exchequer Chamber -- Assizes -- Justices of the peace -- The Star Chamber -- The Court of Chancery -- The organization and administration of the courts -- The principle of open justice -- Contempt of court -- The European Court of Justice and European Court of Human Rights -- The Supreme Court -- The creation of the court -- Composition and jurisdiction -- The Court of Appeal -- Constitution -- Jurisdiction -- The High Court -- Constitution --
Contents note continued: Jurisdiction -- The divisions -- County courts -- Constitution -- Jurisdiction -- The Crown Court -- Creation of the Crown Court -- Constitution -- Jurisdiction and procedure -- Magistrates' courts -- Constitution and organization -- Justices of the peace -- Justices' clerks and justices' chief executives -- Jurisdiction -- The Court of Protection -- Coroners' courts -- The office of coroner -- Jurisdiction -- The Review of Coroners' Services 2003 -- The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council -- Constitution -- Jurisdiction -- Courts of particular jurisdiction -- Courts martial -- Ecclesiastical courts -- Further reading -- 8.Tribunals and Inquiries -- Introduction -- Tribunals: Overview -- The characteristics of tribunals -- Composition -- Organization and control -- The new tribunals -- Specific tribunals -- The Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel -- The Asylum and Immigration Chamber -- Employment tribunals --
Contents note continued: The Employment Appeal Tribunal -- Domestic tribunals -- Control of tribunals by the courts -- Appeals from tribunals -- Supervisory control -- Challenging the decisions of ̀private' disciplinary bodies -- Inquiries -- Statutory inquiries -- Tribunals of inquiry -- Further reading -- 9.The Judiciary -- Introduction -- The judicial hierarchy -- Special judicial offices -- The judicial function -- Statutes -- Common law -- Administrative functions -- The constitutional position of judges -- The changing political climate -- A new balance of powers? -- Judicial appointments and security of tenure -- Appointments -- Tenure -- Judicial immunity -- Further reading -- 10.Juries -- Introduction -- Historical growth of the jury system -- The composition of the modern jury -- Qualifying for jury duty -- Selecting and summoning jurors -- Challenging the composition of the jury -- The use of the jury trial at the present day -- Criminal cases -- Civil proceedings --
Contents note continued: Jury secrecy -- The merits of jury trial -- Further reading -- 11.Legal Services -- Introduction -- The legal profession: The organizational framework -- An overview -- The Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 -- The Access to Justice Act 1999 -- The Legal Services Act 2007 -- The new regime for the conduct of legal activity -- Licensed bodies -- The work of solicitors and barristers -- Solicitors -- Barristers -- The Director of Public Prosecutions and the Crown Prosecution Service -- The law officers -- The education and training of lawyers -- Solicitors -- Barristers -- The regulation of legal services -- The Law Society -- The Bar Council -- Review by the courts -- The Clementi Report and the Legal Services Act 2007: Change to the regulatory framework -- Complaints against lawyers -- The Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal -- Disciplinary action against barristers -- Complaint handling by the Law Society -- The Legal Services Ombudsman --
Contents note continued: The Legal Services Act 2007 -- Civil liability -- Solicitors -- Barristers -- Fees and costs -- Remuneration -- Conditional fee agreements -- Litigation funding agreements -- The funding and cost of legal services -- Introduction -- Legal aid -- The development of legal aid -- The Carter Review -- Future changes in legal aid -- Further reading -- 12.The Police and Law Enforcement -- Introduction -- The law enforcement function -- The role of the individual -- The organization of the police -- The extended police family -- Police accountability -- Rules of evidence -- Criminal proceedings -- Civil actions -- Judicial review -- Complaints against the police -- Police powers -- General considerations -- Stop-and-search powers -- Surveillance -- Arrest -- Detention -- Treatment of suspects -- Access to legal advice -- Interviews -- Identification -- Further reading -- pt. III Civil Proceedings -- 13.The Civil Process -- Introduction -- The context --
Contents note continued: Access to justice -- Cost -- The Woolf analysis -- Delay and the adversarial nature of civil litigation -- Expense -- Complexity -- Court of trial -- Recommendations -- The Jackson Report -- Proportionality of costs -- The incidence of costs -- Conditional fee agreements -- Protective costs orders -- Wider changes -- Administration of the civil justice system -- Rules of court -- The overriding objective -- The terminology -- Settlement and alternative means of dispute resolution -- Introduction -- Arbitration -- Mediation and negotiation -- Further reading -- 14.Pre-trial Process -- Introduction -- Choice of court -- Pre-action protocols -- Commencing a civil action -- The contents of the claim -- Parties to proceedings -- Representative and multi-party actions -- Issue and service of the claim -- Public or private law -- Additional claims -- Pre-commencement orders and procedures -- Disclosure and inspection of documents --
Contents note continued: Inspection, etc. of property -- The Norwich Pharmacal principle -- Search orders -- Freezing orders -- Further reading -- 15.Civil Trials -- Introduction -- The court of trial -- The three-track approach -- Small claims track -- Fast track -- Multi-track -- Discontinuance and striking out -- Settlement -- Summary judgment -- Part 36 offers to settle -- The principle -- Effects of an offer to settle -- Interim relief -- Interlocutory injunction -- Interim payment of damages -- Statements of case -- Background -- Disclosure and inspection of documents -- Relevant principles and background -- Disclosure and inspection against other persons -- Action for disclosure -- Directions -- Trial -- Preparation of evidence -- Procedure at the trial -- Further reading -- 16.Appeals -- Introduction -- The context -- Rights of appeal -- Procedure and powers on appeal -- The approach to the determination of appeals -- Appeal on a point of law --
Contents note continued: Appeal against a finding of fact -- Appeal against the exercise of a discretion -- Appeal against an award of damages -- Further reading -- pt. IV Criminal Proceedings -- 17.The Criminal Justice System -- Introduction -- Management of the criminal justice process -- The ̀system' -- The aims of the criminal justice system -- Sentencing -- Youth justice -- Victims of crime -- The criminal process -- Adversarial nature -- Case management -- The Criminal Procedure Rules -- The right to a fair trial -- Article 6 ECHR -- Limits to the right? -- The role of the Attorney-General -- Further reading -- 18.Pre-trial Procedure -- Introduction -- The decision to commence proceedings -- Discretion and cautioning -- The non-statutory background -- Conditional cautions for adult offenders -- Reprimands and warnings for juveniles -- Judicial scrutiny of the decision to caution -- Police bail -- The decision to prosecute -- Introduction -- Private prosecutions --
Contents note continued: The Criminal Justice Act 2003 -- The criteria -- Judicial review of the decision to prosecute or discontinue -- Discontinuance -- Time limits for prosecution and abuse of process -- Requirements of Article 6 ECHR -- Abuse of process -- Bringing the suspect before the court -- Classification of offences -- Offences triable only on indictment -- Offences triable only summarily -- Offences triable either way -- Possible reform -- Procedure for determining the mode of trial -- The plea-before-venue process: Adults -- Factors that influence the mode of trial -- Court bail -- The nature of bail -- Occasions for the grant of bail -- The right to bail -- Sureties -- Further reading -- 19.Trial -- Introduction -- Commital, sending, and transfer for trial -- Introduction -- Procedure -- Sending for trial -- Delay and time limits -- Background -- Time limits -- Disclosure of evidence -- Introduction -- Prosecution disclosure -- Sensitive material --
Contents note continued: Defence disclosure -- Further prosecution disclosure -- Expert evidence -- The indictment -- Introduction -- Form and contents -- Joinder; separate trials -- Long trials: The number of counts and accused -- Non-jurytrial on indictment -- Duplicity -- Objecting to the indictment: Amendment -- Pre-trial review -- Arraignment and pleas -- Attendance of the accused -- Arraignment -- Pleas -- Motion to quash the indictment -- Preliminary points of law -- Empanelling thejury: Challenges -- Course of the trial -- Publicity -- Procedure at the hearing -- Witnesses -- The burden of proof and the right of silence -- Protection of the defendant -- Conclusion of the case -- Verdict -- Post-verdict orders and sentence -- The sentencing process at the Crown Court -- Passing sentence -- Deferment of sentence -- Pre-sentence reports and other reports -- The sentencing process in the magistrates' court -- Further reading -- 20.Appeals and Miscarriages of Justice --
Contents note continued: Introduction -- Appeals -- Court of Appeal (Criminal Division) -- The development of the Court of Appeal (Criminal Division) -- The role of the Court of Appeal -- The grounds of appeal -- Appeal against conviction -- Appeal against sentence -- The Criminal Cases Review Commission -- Reference following acquittal -- Prosecution rights of appeal -- Powers of the court -- Power to quash a conviction -- Power to substitute an alternative verdict -- Power to receive fresh evidence and to order a new trial -- Venire de novo -- Hospital orders -- Appeals against sentence -- Procedure -- Appeal to the Supreme Court -- Further reading.
Other author Wragg, Amanda.
Subject Procedure (Law) -- England.
Procedure (Law) -- Wales.
Justice, Administration of -- England.
Justice, Administration of -- Wales.
Variant Title Walker and Walker's English legal system.
English legal system.
ISBN 9780199588107 (paperback) £29.99
0199588104 (paperback) £29.99046Z

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